Thomas Hoving

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Thomas Hoving
TomHoving.jpg
Director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art
In office
1967–1977
Preceded by James J. Rorimer
Succeeded by Philippe de Montebello
Parks Commissioner of New York City
In office
1966–1967
Appointed by John V. Lindsay
Preceded by Newbold Morris
Succeeded by August Heckscher II
Personal details
Born Thomas Pearsall Field Hoving
(1931-01-15)January 15, 1931
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died December 10, 2009(2009-12-10) (aged 78)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Spouse(s)
Nancy Bell
(m. 1953; his death 2009)
Children Petrea Hoving
Parents Walter Hoving
Mary Osgood Field
Education Buckley School
Eaglebrook School
Phillips Exeter Academy
Hotchkiss School
Alma mater Princeton University

Thomas Pearsall Field Hoving (January 15, 1931 – December 10, 2009) was an American museum executive and consultant and the director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was born in New York City to Walter Hoving, the head of Tiffany & Company, and his wife, Mary Osgood Field, a descendant of Samuel Osgood.[2] Hoving grew up surrounded by New York's upper social strata. As recounted in his memoir, Making the Mummies Dance, these early experiences would be invaluable in his later dealings with the Met's donors and trustees.

After a tumultuous adolescence including schooling at Manhattan's Buckley School, Eaglebrook School in Massachusetts and a brief stint at Exeter, Hoving graduated from the Hotchkiss School in 1949.[1] He received a B.A. in 1953, a M.F.A. in 1958, and a Ph.D. in 1959, all from Princeton University.

Career[edit]

As an undergraduate he majored in art and archaeology and supplemented his studies with regular trips to New York City to draw at the Art Students League.[3] He went to work for the Met in 1959, serving on the staff of the medieval department at The Cloisters until 1965, when he became curator of the department.[4]

He left the Met in 1966 to become New York Mayor John V. Lindsay's parks commissioner, but in 1967 returned to the Met as director after the incumbent, James J. Rorimer, died suddenly on March 11, 1966.[5] He assumed the directorship on March 17, 1967 and presided over a massive expansion and renovation of the museum, successfully adding many important collections to its holdings.[1]

Career at the Metropolitan Museum of Art[edit]

The Treasures of Tutankhamun exhibition, which travelled for nearly a decade through North America and Europe, was an important cultural event
Hoving wrote about his 1960s acquisition for the Met of the controversial Cloisters Cross in a book called King of the Confessors.

His tenure at the Metropolitan Museum of Art was characterized by his distinctive approach to expanding the Met's collections. Rather than build more comprehensive holdings of relatively modest works, he pursued a smaller number of what he termed "world-class" pieces, including the Euphronios krater depicting the death of Sarpedon (returned to Italy in 2008), Velázquez's Portrait of Juan de Pareja, and the Temple of Dendur.[6]

The expansion of the Met during Hoving's directorship was not confined to its collections. Hoving also spearheaded a number of building projects and renovations of the Met itself, from a controversial expansion of its galleries into Central Park to the construction of its underground parking garage.[6]

Two of the building's most characteristic features—the huge exterior banners announcing current shows, and the broad plaza and steps leading from Fifth Avenue to the Met's entryway—are products of Hoving's tenure. At one point, he even floated a plan to remove the Met's "great staircase" leading from the central lobby to the second-floor galleries. That particular project remains unrealized.[6]:156–163

Hoving described the negotiations between the Metropolitan Museum, the Cairo Museum, Egypt's Organization of Antiquities, and the U.S. State Department to bring the exhibition The Treasures of Tutankhamun to the Met as "the high point of my Metropolitan career." [6] The exhibition was the result of years of negotiations, including plans for a variety of cross-cultural collaborations, galvanized by President Richard M. Nixon's June 1974 trip to Egypt and finalized in an accord signed by Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger and Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmi in October 1975. In July 1976, Hoving visited Egypt to negotiate terms of the traveling exhibition and finalize details of the Museum's collaboration with officials there.[7]

Hoving was the curator and director of the controversial "Harlem On My Mind" exhibit, which garnered significant protests from local activists and artists for its exclusion of black artists, as well as for the inclusion of an anti-Semitic essay in the catalogue. Hoving apologized and included disclaimers before the essay in the catalogue, but did not remove it.[8]

Later career[edit]

He left the Met on June 30, 1977 to start an independent consulting firm for museums, Hoving Associates. From 1978 to 1984 he was an arts correspondent for the ABC newsmagazine 20/20.[9] He edited Connoisseur Magazine from 1981 to 1991; along with his memoirs of his time at the Met, he is also the author of books on a number of art-related subjects, including art forgeries, Grant Wood, Andrew Wyeth, Tutankhamen, and the 12th-century walrus ivory crucifix known as the Bury St. Edmunds Cross. Additionally, in 1999, he wrote the text for the Art For Dummies book in the "...For Dummies" series.[10]

Personal life[edit]

In 1953, Hoving was married to Nancy Bell, a Vassar College graduate whom he met at a house party in Princeton.[11] She was the daughter of Elliott V. Bell (1902-1983), a writer for The New York Times who managed the two successful gubernatorial campaigns for his friend, Thomas E. Dewey.[11] Together, they were the parents of a daughter, Petrea "Trea" Hoving.[1]

Hoving died of lung cancer at his home in Manhattan, New York City on December 10, 2009.[1]

In popular culture[edit]

Hoving appeared in Who the *$&% Is Jackson Pollock?, a 2006 documentary by Harry Moses about a purported "lost" Jackson Pollock painting, in which he, through a series of memorable interviews, claimed that true painting connoisseurs are the only ones who can identify the real from the fake (fingerprints and forensic evidence are secondary).[12]

Hoving was the subject of the titular profile in A Roomful of Hovings and Other Profiles, a 1969 collection of biographical pieces by John McPhee.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Randy Kennedy (December 11, 2009). "Thomas Hoving, Who Shook Up the Met, Dies at 78". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-09-17. Thomas Hoving, the charismatic showman and treasure hunter whose tenure as director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art from 1967 to 1977 fundamentally transformed the institution and helped usher in the era of the museum blockbuster show, died on Thursday at his home in Manhattan. He was 78. 
  2. ^ Mcphee, John. The John McPhee Reader. Macmillan, 2011, p. 131. Retrieved on 12 July 2016
  3. ^ McPhee, John (May 1, 1979). A Roomful of Hovings and Other Profiles. Macmillan. ISBN 0374708665. 
  4. ^ "New City Parks Chief; Thomas Pearsall Field Hoving". The New York Times. 2 December 1965. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 
  5. ^ "Hoving Bowing Out as City's Parks Chief Today; His Exuberance Left a Mark, but Serious Problems Remain for Successor Heckscher to Succeed Hoving As Chief of City Parks Today". The New York Times. 16 March 1967. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d Thomas Hoving, Making the Mummies Dance: Inside the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Simon & Schuster, 1993.
  7. ^ Finding aid for the Irving MacManus records related to "Treasures of Tutankhamun" exhibition, 1975-1979 in the Metropolitan Museum of Art Archives.
  8. ^ Arnold, Martin (January 22, 1969). "Hoving Accepts Onus for Furor". New York Times. 
  9. ^ Hoving, Thomas. Artful Tom, A Memoir (Chapter 29). Artnet Magazine, June 10, 2009.
  10. ^ Hoving, Thomas. "My Eye," Artnet Magazine, July 20, 1999.
  11. ^ a b "MISS NANCY BELL BRIDE IN PAWLING; Dewey Attends Her Wedding to Lieut. Thomas P. Hoving, Son of Bonwit Teller Head". The New York Times. 4 October 1953. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 
  12. ^ Kennedy, Randy. "Could Be a Pollock; Must Be a Yarn," The New York Times, Thursday, November 9, 2006.

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Cultural offices
Preceded by
James J. Rorimer
Metropolitam Museum of Art by Simon Fieldhouse.jpg
Director of the
Metropolitan Museum of Art

1967–1977
Succeeded by
Philippe de Montebello
Political offices
Preceded by
Newbold Morris
Parks Commissioner of New York City
1966 – 1967
Succeeded by
August Heckscher II