Thomas Hynes

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Thomas C. Hynes (November 5, 1938 – May 4, 2019) was an American politician who served as Cook County Assessor, President of the Illinois Senate, and 19th Ward Democratic Committeeman. Hynes was also a candidate for Mayor of Chicago in 1987. He was the father of former Illinois Comptroller Dan Hynes.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born in the south side of Chicago, Hynes served in the United States Army Reserve as a captain. He received his bachelor's degree from Loyola University Chicago and his law degree from Loyola University Chicago School of Law. He practiced law and taught law at John Marshall Law School (Chicago).

He died on May 4, 2019 at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago from complications due to Parkinson's disease.[2]

He was elected to the Illinois State Senate in 1970 and served as President of the Illinois Senate in 1977.[3] and as Democratic committeeman of the 19th ward of Chicago. While serving as Cook County Assessor, he began the automation of the office.

Hynes was elected Cook County Assessor in 1978 and re-elected four times, resigning in 1997.

In 1987, Hynes ran against incumbent Chicago Mayor Harold Washington, the city's first black mayor.

Although a member of the Democratic Party and a party official, Hynes withdrew from the Democratic mayoral primary and ran on a new ticket called the "Chicago First" party. This left former mayor Jane Byrne as the only serious opponent against Washington in the Democratic primary.[4]

The conventional wisdom at the time was that if two major white candidates ran against Washington in the Democratic primary, the white vote would be split, allowing Washington to win the primary without gaining a majority of the vote.[5]

Washington defeated Byrne in the Democratic primary, leaving Washington to face off against Vrdolyak, Hynes, and Haider in the general election. Soon after the primary, Bryne endorsed Washington.

Initially Hynes, who had not been visible in the racially polarized "Council Wars" of Washington's first term, polled well. He claimed he was a fresh alternative to the dirty infighting that had defined Chicago politics in recent years.[6]. Hynes also talked about being the issue-oriented candidate as opposed to some of the other candidates who allegedly talked about each other[6].

In one of his commercials, Hynes contended that he could reunite a divided city and make Chicago great again. Said Hynes, "Chicago used to enjoy a national reputation as a good place to do business. Today, we've fallen behind the rest of the nation in economic growth. Politically, our city is so divided, business is looking elsewhere and we're losing job. As mayor, I believe I can reopen communication with businesses and renew the spirit of cooperation we need to move ahead. I want to restore Chicago to its rightful place as one of America's great cities."[7]

In another commercial Hynes tried to pass himself off as a policy wonk too nerdy to instigate a fight. The commercial comically featured a supporter falling asleep while Hynes droned on and on about budget issues[5].

Washington challenged Hynes' billing of himself as a clean, peaceful man. In a Washington commercial, the narrator alleged that Hynes took a $90,000 a year job at a law firm which thereafter received clout contracts despite claiming to be for ethics, that Hynes packed his payroll with cronies to the exclusion of women and minorities despite saying he'll run the city fairly, and that Hynes supported Vrdolyak during the city council wars despite Hynes presentation of himself as above city council infighting. The commercial concluded with the line, "Forget the image, check the record.[4]

As the election drew near, voters opposed to Mayor Washington rallied behind Vrdolyak, Washington's most fiery opponent. Hynes' support waned[5].

Just three days before the general election, Hynes dropped out, leaving Edward Vrdolyak and Republican Donald Haider as Mayor Washington's remaining opponents. Hynes did not throw his support to any of the remaining candidates, but suggested that either Vrdolyak or Haider should also drop out make it a one-on-one race against Washington[8].

"I now believe Harold Washington cannot be defeated if he faces more than one opponent," Hynes said in his resignation remarks. "I believe with every ounce of fervor in my soul that the people of Chicago deserve an opportunity for a real choice. . . . Mr. Vrdolyak and Mr. Haider must now confront the fact that Harold Washington will win if they both remain in this race. Their hour of decision is at hand."

His supporters were devastated; most reporters just rolled their eyes. "What drove Hynes out was the frightening specter of Tuesday night, when the results would show him finishing a drab third in the voting," Mike Royko wrote. "Then he would have been labeled with the dreaded word 'spoiler,' which in Chicago means a white candidate who causes a black man to become mayor."

Both Vrdolyak and Haider stayed in the race, and Washington still got more than 50 percent of the vote—meaning he probably would have won even with only one white candidate to run against.[5][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crain's Chicago Business: Thomas Hynes sets up Chicago office for D.C. lobbying firm Dutko Grayling (2011)
  2. ^ "Former Cook County Assessor Tom Hynes dies at 80".
  3. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1977,' Biographical Sketch of Thomas Hynes, pg. 122
  4. ^ a b Edward Malone (7 March 2019). "1987 Chicago Mayor Race: Washington, Vrdolyak, Byrne, Hynes, And Haider" – via YouTube.
  5. ^ a b c d Joravsky, Ben. "Harold and the Hyneses". Chicago Reader.
  6. ^ a b https://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/mr-machine/Content?oid=870459
  7. ^ TheClassicSports (1 August 2014). "1987 - Tom Hynes for Mayor of Chicago" – via YouTube.
  8. ^ "Hynes withdraws from mayoral race". UPI.
  9. ^ "ASSESSING THE TOM HYNES EXIT, JIM HOULIHAN ENTRANCE". Crain's Chicago Business. 14 March 1997.