Thomas J. Dryer
|United States Commissioner to Hawaii|
June 8, 1861 – June 18, 1863
|Preceded by||James W. Borden|
|Succeeded by||James McBride (as Minister)|
|Member of the Oregon Constitutional Convention|
|Constituency||Washington and Multnomah counties|
|Member of the Oregon Territorial Legislature|
|Constituency||Washington and Multnomah counties|
|Born||January 8, 1808|
Kingston, New York, United States
|Died||March 30, 1879 (aged 71)|
|Political party||Whig Party |
Thomas Jefferson Dryer (January 8, 1808 – March 30, 1879) was a newspaper publisher and politician in the Western United States. A member of the Oregon Territorial Legislature in 1857, Dryer is best remembered as the founder of The Oregonian, an influential and enduring newspaper in the American state of Oregon.
Move to Portland
He initially launched a publication called the California Courier, but with limited success. While in San Francisco Dryer was recruited to relocate north to the town of Portland, Oregon by Stephen Coffin and William W. Chapman, founders and leading boosters of the fledgling enclave.
Coffin and Chapman provided a crude log cabin to Dryer to set up his press and establish his newspaper office. He was able to release the first issue of his publication, The Weekly Oregonian, on December 4, 1850 — about two weeks after the launch six miles to the south in Milwaukie, Oregon by Lot Whitcomb, The Western Star, a rival publication.
In 1856, Dryer served in the Territorial Legislature representing Multnomah and Washington Counties as a Whig. The following year, he was elected and served at the Oregon Constitutional Convention.
Dryer became a Republican and was an active supporter of Abraham Lincoln in the Presidential election of 1860, winning election as a presidential elector. Following Lincoln's victory, Dryer called in a political favor and was appointed U.S. Commissioner to the Kingdom of Hawaii.
Dryer was a heavy drinker and it was not long until his taste for alcohol was drawing public scrutiny and criticism. In March 1862 Dryer's longtime publishing rival and political foe Asahel Bush gleefully reprinted a snippet from the Yreka Union charging that the "Bad Egg" T. J. Dryer "is so constantly drunk as to render him unfit to discharge the duties of his office." By the summer of 1863 the same paper would be able to cheerfully report that "Ex-Commissioner T.J. Dryer has arrived at San Francisco, on his return from the Sandwich Islands."
Loss of the Oregonian
During Dryer's absence The Oregonian was published by Henry Lewis Pittock, a compositor and pressman who had been on the paper's staff since November 1853. Dryer was deeply in debt to Pittock for unpaid back wages and he mortgaged the publication to him as security on the unpaid debt. When Dryer made no further attempt at repayment, ownership of the Oregonian passed into Pittock's hands.
Pittock would later go into business partnership with longtime editorialist Harvey W. Scott and The Oregonian would come to see its place cemented as the state's de facto newspaper of record during the 20th century.
Dryer is credited with being part of the first documented ascent of Mount St. Helens on August 27, 1853, together with three companions. He has also been reported as among the first party to climb Mount Hood, on August 8, 1854. This latter report has been disputed, with most historians claiming the Dryer attempt fell several hundred feet of the summit of Mount Hood, while an 1857 climb by Henry Lewis Pittock and four others provided better documentation of the summit having been reached.
Death and legacy
- "Biographical Sketch of Thomas Dryer". Crafting the Oregon Constitution. Oregon State Archives. 2009. Archived from the original on July 11, 2022. Retrieved 2023-02-06.
- Eugene E. Snyder, Early Portland: Stump-Town Triumphant: Rival Townsites on the Willamette, 1831-1854. Portland, OR: Binfords & Mort, 1970; pg. 76.
- Snyder, Early Portland: Stump-Town Triumphant, pp. 76-77.
- Snyder, Early Portland: Stump-Town Triumphant, pg. 77.
- Oregon Legislators and Staff Guide, 1856 Regular Session (8th Territorial) Oregon State Archives. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- William Richard Cutter (ed.), American Biography: A New Cyclopedia, Volume 12. New York: American Historical Society, 1922; pg. 21.
- "Thomas Jefferson Dryer (1808-1879)". The Oregon History Project, Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- "Bad Egg," Oregon Statesman, vol. 12, no. 4 (March 31, 1862), pg. 2.
- "Domestic Items," Oregon Statesman, August 10, 1863, pg. 2.
- Cutter (ed.), American Biography: A New Cyclopedia, Volume 12, pg. 20.
- "First Ascent of Mount Hood, Oregon August 8, 1854," United States Geological Survey.
- "Lone Fir Cemetery: Some Interesting Burial Facts," Archived 2007-09-10 at the Wayback Machine www.friendsoflonefircemetery.org/
- Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6.
- Phillips, William M. (October 1987). "Geologic Guide to the Monitor Ridge Climbing Route, Mount St. Helens, Washington" (PDF). Washington Geologic Newsletter. 15 (4): 3–13.