Thomas H. Kunz (June 11, 1938 – April 13, 2020) was an American biologist specializing in the study of bats. He was credited with coining the study of aeroecology; additionally, he wrote several fundamental textbooks and publications on bat ecology.
Kunz received a BA in biology in 1961 and MA in education in 1962 from the University of Central Missouri. He went on to receive another MA from Drake University in biology in 1968, and gained his PhD from the University of Kansas in systematics and ecology in 1971.
Kunz taught high school in Kansas after receiving his MA in education. Kunz states that his first experience working with bats was before he attended Drake University. While caving, he and a friend encountered a banded bat. He called in the number on the band and later would collaborate with the professor who banded the bat. Kunz became a professor at Boston University in 1971.
Kunz edited or coedited six books on the biology and ecology of bats. His book Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats "is widely praised as one of the best resources available for professional bat researchers, educators and conservationists." He also helped establish the Tiputini Biodiversity Station in Ecuador in 1995 to promote the study of rainforest ecology.
He helped distinguish the new scientific discipline of aeroecology, which integrates geography, ecology, atmospheric science, and computational biology. A key concept of aeroecology is thinking of the aerosphere as part of the biosphere, as many organisms depend upon the aerosphere for resources. He conducted research on the ecosystem services of bats in a study published in Science, concluding that their services are worth $3–54 billion per year. He retired in 2011 after being seriously injured in an accident.
Awards and honors
In 1984, he won the Gerritt S. Miller Award from the North American Society for Bat Research. In 2003, the University of Central Missouri presented him with their Distinguished Alumni Award, calling him "one of the world's leading mammalogists." In 2011, Kunz was named a Boston University William Fairfield Warren Distinguished Professor, which is its highest academic award. He is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and was formerly President of the American Society of Mammalogists. He was also a recipient of the C. Hart Merriam Award for his contributions to the field of mammalogy.
In 2015, Boston University began the Thomas H. Kunz Fund in Biology to "train the next generation of ecologists." PhD candidates in the Ecology, Behavior & Evolution program are eligible for the Thomas H. Kunz Award, which is a financial award from the Thomas H. Kunz Fund.
Personal life and death
- Nowak, R. M., Walker, E. P., Kunz, T. H., & Pierson, E. D. (1994). Walker's bats of the world. JHU Press. ISBN 0801849861
- Kunz, T. H., & Fenton, M. B. (Eds.). (2005). Bat ecology. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226462072
- Kunz, T. H., Arnett, E. B., Erickson, W. P., Hoar, A. R., Johnson, G. D., Larkin, R. P., ... & Tuttle, M. D. (2007). Ecological impacts of wind energy development on bats: questions, research needs, and hypotheses. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5(6), 315–324.
- Kunz, T. H., Gauthreaux Jr, S. A., Hristov, N. I., Horn, J. W., Jones, G., Kalko, E. K., ... & Dudley, R. (2008). Aeroecology: probing and modeling the aerosphere. Integrative and comparative biology, 48(1), 1-11.
- Kunz, T. H., & Parsons, S. (2009). Ecological and behavioral methods for the study of bats. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0801891477.
- Kunz, T. H., Braun de Torrez, E., Bauer, D., Lobova, T., & Fleming, T. H. (2011). Ecosystem services provided by bats. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1223(1), 1-38.
- Boyles, J. G., Cryan, P. M., McCracken, G. F., & Kunz, T. H. (2011). Economic importance of bats in agriculture. Science, 332(6025), 41–42.
- Sturnira perla – a species of bat described by Kuntz
- Tarvin, Becca (March 14, 2010). "BU's Own Batman, Professor Kunz". The Quad. The Quad. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "Kunz Biography". BU. Boston University. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Mangan, Katherine (July 24, 2011). "An Honored Biologist Works Into the Night for a Threatened Species". The Chronicle of Higher Education. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Fenton, Brock; Tuttle, Merlin (2012). "A tribute to Tom Kunz". batcon.org. Bat Conservation International. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "Tiputini Biodiversity Station". BU. Boston University. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Boston University (February 18, 2011). "New discipline of aeroecology introduced". ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Keim, Brandon (April 1, 2011). "Bats Are Worth at Least $3 Billion Per Year". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "The Thomas H. Kunz Fund". BU. Boston University. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- M. Brock Fenton, Sharon Swartz (2020): Thomas H. Kunz (1938–2020). Nature Ecology & Evolution, vol. 4, p. 1002–1003, doi:10.1038/s41559-020-1224-4.
- "A Brief History of the First Twenty-five Years of NASBR". NASBR. NASBR. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "Distinguished Alumni to be Honored". University of Central Missouri. 2003. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Honeycutt, Christina (March 29, 2018). "Rebecca Branconi Receives the Thomas H. Kunz Award". BU. Boston University. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "'Bat Man' overcomes odds 1 year after crash". The Daily Free Press. The Daily Free Press. October 29, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Kunz, T.H. (2013). Ecology of Bats. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 46. ISBN 978-1461334217.
- Kelt, Douglas A. "The Passing of Thomas Kunz". American Society of Mammalogists. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
- Data related to Thomas Kunz at Wikispecies