Thomas Lyle Williams
Thomas Lyle Williams
Thomas Lyle Williams Sr at age 18
|Born||January 19, 1896|
|Died||September 26, 1976 (aged 80)|
|Known for||Founder of Maybelline|
Early life and family
Thomas Lyle Williams was born in Morganfield, Kentucky, in 1896 to Thomas "TJ" Jefferson and Susan Williams. In 1912 he married Bennie Gibbs, with whom he had one son, Thomas Lyle Williams Jr (1912–1978), who was to become the General Partner at Williams Investments and President at Maybelline Co, Chicago. The marriage did not last long, however, and after it was annulled, Williams moved to Chicago and there met Emery Shaver (September 15, 1903 – October 22, 1964), who was working part time in advertising while studying literature at University of Chicago.
In 1915, Williams, then 19 years old, seeing his sister Mabel using a homemade mixture of petroleum jelly, coal dust and burnt cork to darken her eyelashes, had the idea to create a commercial product to enhance the eyes. His own attempt was not a success but then he commissioned a drug manufacturer, and the resulting product was something that he could sell: the Lash-Brow.
In 1917 Williams started producing eyebrow beautifier and cake eyelash, calling the product Maybelline, inspired by his sister Mabel. Maybelline was the first mascara produced in America. In 1929 Williams expanded the production to eye shadow and eyebrow pencils.
After World War II Maybelline became an international venture. Williams moved to California with his life partner, Emery Shaver. They bought Rudolph Valentino's house in the Hollywood Hills. Shaver and Williams were in charge of advertising for the company, and in particular Shaver contracted the movie stars of the time to promote Maybelline products. The headquarters of Maybelline remained in Chicago. When Shaver died in 1964, Williams was deeply affected by the loss. He sold the business in 1968. In 2001, Maybelline became "Maybelline New York".
- Williams & Youngs 2011, p. Preface.
- Williams & Youngs 2011, p. Chapter 1, Inventing Tom Lyle Williams.
- Flowers, Pugh Brown; Flowers, John Baxton (2000). Flowers chronicles: studies of Captain John Flower II, 1595–1657, mariner of London, Bermuda, and Virginia, and some of his descendants in the American South. Gateway Press. p. 440. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
- Williams & Youngs 2011, p. Chapter 2, A Thousand Dimes a Day.
- Williams & Youngs 2011, p. Chapter 3, A Secret from the Harem.
- Wilson, Sheena; Carlson, Adam; Szeman, Imre (2017). Petrocultures: Oil, Politics, Culture. McGill-Queen's Press – MQUP. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-7735-5040-7. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
- Williams & Youngs 2011, p. Chapter 4, The Little Red Box.
- Snodgrass, Mary Ellen (2015). World Clothing and Fashion: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Social Influence. Routledge. p. 427. ISBN 978-1-317-45166-2. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
- Williams & Youngs 2011, p. Chapter 22, Rags and Riches.
- Williams & Youngs 2011, p. Chapter 13, This, You Gotta See.
- "Maybelline Mascara by Maybelline Co. Distr., c. 1940s". Retrieved 28 July 2017.
- Williams & Youngs 2011, p. Chapter 57, Glory.
- "MAYBELLINE STORY BLOG: Maybelline founder Tom Lyle Williams". Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- Williams, Sharrie; Youngs, Bettie (2011). The Maybelline Story: And the Spirited Family Dynasty Behind It. SCB Distributors. ISBN 978-1-936332-17-5.