Thomas Moore (Australian settler)

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Thomas Moore (1762–1840) was an early European settler in Australia. He was born in Lesbury, Northumberland. In 1792 he arrived in Australia as the ship's carpenter on William Raven's Britannia.

Thomas Moore was also briefly described in the book Nanberry Written by Jackie French.

In October 1792 Raven left a sealing crew at Dusky Sound, New Zealand while he went off to obtain supplies for the colony. During that time a vessel (later finished and called the "Providence") was built. It is believed Thomas Moore, as ships carpenter was the mainly responsible for its construction. (Ref Letters Raven to Lieutenant Governor King 1793).

In 1796 he was appointed master boatbuilder by Governor John Hunter. He married Rachel Turner in January 1797, who had come to NSW on Lady Juliana as a convict, been assigned to Surgeon John White, and to whom she bore a son, Andrew Douglas White.[1]

In January 1804 Governor Philip Gidley King launched what was believed to be the first vessel ever built in the colony, the armed cutter Integrity, of 50 tons (bm). Thomas Moore built her at Sydney Cove.

In October 1809 Moore resigned from the dockyard and by mid-1810 he was residing at the house he had built on the Georges River, Moore Bank. Governor Lachlan Macquarie appointed him magistrate of the Georges River district in 1810, a position he filled until he died on Christmas Eve 1840. When Macquarie proclaimed the new town of Liverpool on 7 November 1810, he commissioned Moore to build the town. Moore was supervisor of public works for the next decade. He became a good friend of Macquarie, who appointed Rachel and Thomas Moore the guardians of Lachlan Macquarie jnr, in case anything happened to Lachlan and Elizabeth while they were in NSW.

He was the recipient of numerous land grants, including land between Petersham Hill and Cook's River, Moorebank in the Liverpool district, Airds and Sutton Forest. His land holdings enabled him to breed cattle and horses, as well as to rent property to tenants, which brought him much wealth. Moore was one of the founding directors of the Bank of New South Wales, now known as Westpac Banking Corporation.

Moore died in 1840. In his will he left his substantial fortune to the Church of England, and, in particular, for the establishment of a college for the education of men of "the Protestant persuasion". The college, now known as Moore Theological College was opened on 1 March 1856.


  1. ^ Rienits, Rex (1967). "White, John (1756 - 1832)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 2. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  • Loane, M. L. (1967). "Moore, Thomas (1762 - 1840)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
  • Bolt, Peter (2007). Thomas Moore of Liverpool: One of Our Oldest Colonists : Essays & Addresses to Celebrate 150 Years of Moore College. Camperdown , N.S.W.: Bolt Publishing Services. ISBN 0-9803579-0-X.
  • Bolt, Peter (2010). A Portrait in his Actions. Thomas Moore of Liverpool (1762-1840). Part 1: From Lesbury to Liverpool. Camperdown , N.S.W.: Bolt Publishing Services. ISBN 978-0-9803579-6-7.