Thomas Musgrave (bishop)

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The Most Reverend and Right Honourable
Thomas Musgrave
Archbishop of York
Abp Thomas Musgrave by FR Say.jpg
Church Church of England
Province Province of York
Diocese Diocese of York
Elected 1847
Term ended 1860
Predecessor Edward Harcourt
Successor Charles Longley
Other posts Bishop of Hereford
Personal details
Born (1788-03-30)30 March 1788
Slaughter House Lane, Cambridge
Died 4 May 1860(1860-05-04) (aged 72)
Belgrave Square, London
Buried Kensal Green Cemetery
Denomination Anglican
Spouse Catherine Cavendish
Education Richmond Grammar School
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Thomas Musgrave (30 March 1788 – 4 May 1860) was Archbishop of York from 1847 to 1860.

Life[edit]

Musgrave was the son of W. Peet Musgrave, a wealthy tailor and woollen-draper of Cambridge, and Sarah his wife. He was born in Slaughter House Lane on 30 March 1788, and baptised at the parish church of Great St. Mary's on 25 April. He and his two brothers - the elder of whom, Charles Musgrave, became eventually archdeacon of Craven - were educated at Richmond Grammar School, then at the zenith of its reputation under Dr Tate.[1]

In 1804 he was admitted as a pensioner of Trinity College, Cambridge, and in 1807 was elected scholar. In 1810 he graduated B.A. as fourteenth wrangler, when William Henry Maule was senior wrangler, and Thomas Shaw Brandreth second. In 1811, he was members' prizeman and in 1813 he took his M.A..

Musgrave was elected junior fellow in 1812, and senior fellow in 1832. In 1821, though his knowledge of eastern tongues was by no means profound, he was appointed Lord Almoner's Professor of Arabic. He was Senior Proctor in 1831.[1]

He took holy orders, and filled in succession the college livings of Over (1823), St. Mary's, Cambridge (1825-1833), and Bottisham (1837). He became senior bursar of his college in 1825, and during a long tenure of the office, only resigning it when he left Cambridge in 1837, his sound judgment and practical knowledge of business proved of great service. He was also an active and judicious county magistrate.

In politics, he was a decided liberal, but "without any admixture of party spirit". He was a warm advocate for the relaxation of all religious tests on admission to university degrees. The petition which in March 1834 was presented to both Houses of Parliament with that object, lay at his rooms for signature.[1]

In May 1834, the pressure put upon Connop Thirlwall, afterwards Bishop of St. David's, by the Master, Dr. Christopher Wordsworth, which led Thirlwall to resign his tutorship, excited Musgrave's indignation. He and Sedgwick drew up a paper addressed to the Master, which was signed by George Peacock, afterwards Dean of Ely, Romilly, and others, calling upon him to summon a meeting of the seniority to take the matter into consideration.[1]

Musgrave's university distinction and liberal politics marked him out for preferment from the Whig government. His first senior Church of England appointment was when he was installed Dean of Bristol on 13 or 14 May 1837.[2] Three months later, he was nominated Bishop of Hereford by the Crown on 5 August and consecrated on 1 October 1837,[3] by Archbishop Howley at Lambeth. At Hereford, he revived the office of rural dean, and was instrumental in setting up the Diocesan Church Building Society.

On the death of Archbishop Edward Harcourt in 1847, he was translated to the archbishopric of York on 10 December 1847.[4][5] His enthronement took place in York Minster on 15 January 1848. [1]

Musgrave died on 4 May 1860, aged 72. He is buried at Kensal Green Cemetery, London.[4][6]

Family[edit]

Funerary monument, Kensal Green Cemetery, London

On 12 December 1839, he married Hon. Catherine Cavendish, daughter of Richard Cavendish, 2nd Baron Waterpark and Juliana Cooper.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Venables 1894.
  2. ^ Horn 1996, Bristol, Gloucester, Oxford and Peterborough Dioceses: Deans of Bristol, pp. 15–19.
  3. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, p. 252.
  4. ^ a b Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, p. 283.
  5. ^ Horn & Smith 1979, York Diocese: Archbishops of York, pp. 1–5.
  6. ^ a b Obituary in The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 208, James Henry and James Parker, London 1860
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainVenables, Edmund (1894). "Musgrave, Thomas (1788-1860)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 39. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (2003) [1986]. Handbook of British Chronology (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Horn, J. M. (1996). Bristol, Gloucester, Oxford and Peterborough Dioceses. Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857. Volume 8. British History Online. 
  • Horn, J. M.; Smith, D. M. (1979). York Diocese. Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857. Volume 4. British History Online. 
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Henry Beeke
Dean of Bristol
1837
Succeeded by
John Lamb
Preceded by
Edward Grey
Bishop of Hereford
1837–1847
Succeeded by
Renn Dickson Hampden
Preceded by
Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt
Archbishop of York
1847–1860
Succeeded by
Charles Longley