Thomas Orde-Powlett, 1st Baron Bolton

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Thomas Orde-Powlett, 1st Baron Bolton

Thomas Orde-Powlett, 1st Baron Bolton PC (30 August 1746 – 30 July 1807) was an English politician. He was also an amateur etcher, and a cartoonist.[1]

Life[edit]

Born Thomas Orde, he was son of John Orde of Morpeth, Northumberland. He was educated at Eton and at King's College, Cambridge, graduating Master of Arts in 1773.[2]

Orde entered politics as Tory Member of Parliament for Aylesbury (1780–1784) and later for Harwich (1784–1796). He served as Secretary to the Treasury (1782–1783) and as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1784–1787). Around 1782, he was appointed to the Privy Council of Ireland, and in 1785, to HM Privy Council. He was Governor of the Isle of Wight (1791–1807) and Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (1800–1807).

On 7 January 1795, by Royal Licence, he assumed the additional surname of Powlett, and on 20 October 1797 he was created Baron Bolton. His younger brother John Orde was an Admiral in the Navy, and was created a Baronet, of Morpeth in the County of Northumberland, in 1790.

He died in 1807 and was succeeded by his eldest son William, the second Baron, who was MP for Yarmouth (IoW) for a short while.

Family[edit]

On 7 April 1778 Orde married Jean Mary Browne-Powlett, the illegitimate daughter of Charles Powlett, 5th Duke of Bolton, who had entailed most of his extensive estates to her in default of male issue of his younger brother Harry Powlett, 6th Duke of Bolton. The latter died without male heirs in 1794, the Dukedom became extinct, and the said inheritance passed to Thomas Orde in right of his wife. The properties with attached farms included Bolton Hall and Bolton Castle in North Yorkshire and Hackwood Park, Old Basing, Hampshire.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Orde, Thomas (1746-1807). History of Parliament Online". historyofparliamentonline.org.
  2. ^ "Orde (post Orde-Powlett), Thomas (ORD765T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
17801784
With: Anthony Bacon
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Harwich
17841796
With: John Robinson
Succeeded by
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Rathcormack
1784–1790
With: Charles Francis Sheridan
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Secretary to the Treasury
(senior)

1782–1783
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Secretary for Ireland
1784–1787
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Vice-Admiral of the Isle of Wight
1791–1807
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of the Isle of Wight
1791–1807
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
1800–1807
Succeeded by
Vacant
Title last held by
The Duke of Bolton
Vice-Admiral of Hampshire
1803–1807
Succeeded by
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Bolton
1797–1807
Succeeded by