Thomas Petre, 6th Baron Petre

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Thomas Petre, 6th Baron Petre (1633–1706) was an English Catholic peer, the third son of Robert Petre, 3rd Baron Petre and Mary Brown. Inheriting the title from his elder brother, Petre held the title for 21 years.[1]

Soon after Petre inherited his title, James II came to the throne. As both men were Catholics in a Protestant country, Petre soon found favour with the new King. His second cousin, Father Edward Petre, S.J., became advisor and confidant to James II Edward was universally hated and reviled by the populace. In 1688, Thomas was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Essex and custos rotulorum for Essex. After James's flight in the Glorious Revolution, Petre was forced to resign when the militia refused to serve a Catholic.

After the Revolution, much of the vast revenues from the Petre estates was sent abroad to help maintain those institutions in the continental Europe that provided education for Catholic Englishmen.

Thomas married Mary Clifton (died 1706), daughter of Sir Thomas Clifton, Bt of Lytham, Lancashire. He died on 10 January 1706, and was succeeded by his only son Robert, by which time the family had fully recovered financially. He also had a daughter Mary Petre, (1693–1713).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wood, Robert G. E. "Petre family". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/74978.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Oxford
The Duke of Albemarle
Lord Lieutenant of Essex
1688
Succeeded by
The Earl of Oxford
Preceded by
The Lord Maynard
Custos Rotulorum of Essex
1688
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Petre
Baron Petre
1684–1706
Succeeded by
Robert Petre