Thomas Potter (died 1759)

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Thomas Potter (1718–1759) was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1747 and 1759.

Potter was born in 1718, the second son of John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury. He acquired a law degree at Christ Church, Oxford, and was admitted to the Middle Temple.[1] Through his father's interest, he was able to secure the Recordership of Bath, a lucrative office.

Potter married firstly Anne Manningham, daughter of Rev. Thomas Manningham, rector of Slinfold, Sussex on 17 February 1740. Anne died on 4 January 1744 and he married secondly a Miss Lowe of Brightwell, Oxfordshire on 14 July 1747.[2] From his second marriage he acquired Segenhoe Manor at Ridgmont, near Woburn, Bedfordshire. [3]

Potter was a recognised member of the Hellfire Club, in Buckinghamshire, founded by Francis Dashwood, 11th Baron le Despencer and acquired a reputation as a leading rake. Potter was a friend of John Wilkes, whom he considered as something of a protégé. He was later accused of corrupting Wilkes who had been relatively innocent until that point.[4] He was believed to be the author of Essay on Woman, a crude parody of Alexander Pope's Essay on Man. The authorship of this was later attributed to John Wilkes, when it was read out in the House of Lords, during his expulsion from parliament in 1764.

In 1747 Potter was elected as Member of Parliament for St Germans in Cornwall. In 1754 he was elected as MP for Aylesbury, a seat controlled by the powerful Grenville family with whom he was associated from then on. In 1756 he became a Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, another lucrative post, which did not require him to move to Ireland.[5] He was returned as MP for Okehampton in 1757. Politically he was aligned with William Pitt and was his devoted follower. He was a staunch supporter of Britain's participation in the Seven Years War. He tried to interest his son Thomas in finding a seat in Parliament.[2]

All Saints, Segenhoe

Potter was in ill health for a long time, suffering in particular from gout.[6] In 1759 he died at his residence in Segenhoe at the age of forty one and was buried in nearby Segenhoe churchyard.[7][8] He left a son and two daughters, one of which married Malcolm MacQueen, to whom Potter's estates passed.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Brown, Peter Douglas. William Pitt, Earl of Chatham: The Great Commoner. George Allen & Unwin, 1978.
  • Cash, Arthur H. John Wilkes: The Scandalous Father of Civil Liberty. Yale University Press, 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alumni oxonienses: the members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886, vol.3".
  2. ^ a b "POTTER, Thomas (?1718-59), of Ridgmont, Beds". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  3. ^ "RIDGMONT". British History Online. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  4. ^ Cash p.29-36
  5. ^ Cash p.44
  6. ^ Brown p.125
  7. ^ Brown p.188
  8. ^ Cash p.55
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Hynde Cotton
James Newsham
Member of Parliament for St Germans
1747–1754
With: Richard Eliot 1747–48
Edward Craggs-Eliot 1748–54
Succeeded by
Edward Craggs-Eliot
Anthony Champion
Preceded by
The Earl of Inchiquin
Edward Willes
Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
1754–1757
With: John Willes
Succeeded by
John Willes
John Wilkes
Preceded by
Robert Vyner
William Pitt
Member of Parliament for Okehampton
1757–1759
With: Robert Vyner
Succeeded by
Robert Vyner
George Brydges Rodney