Thomas Roscoe

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Thomas Roscoe (Liverpool 23 June 1791 – 24 September 1871 London) was an English author and translator.


Tourist in Italy, 1831

The fifth son of William Roscoe, he was born at Toxteth Park, Liverpool in 1791, and educated by Dr. W. Shepherd and by Mr. Lloyd, a private tutor.[1]

Soon after his father's financial troubles in 1816, which led to bankruptcy, Roscoe began to write in local magazines and journals, and he continued to follow literature as a profession. He died at age 80, on 24 September 1871, at Acacia Road, St. John's Wood, London.[1]


Roscoe's major original works were:[1]

  • Gonzalo, the Traitor: a Tragedy, 1820.
  • The King of the Peak [anon.], 1823, 3 vols.
  • Owain Goch: a Tale of the Revolution [anon.], 1827, 3 vols.
  • The Tourist in Switzerland and Italy, 1830; the first volume of the Landscape Annual, followed for eight years by similar volumes on Italy, France, and Spain.
  • Wanderings and Excursions in North Wales, 1836.
  • Wanderings in South Wales, with Louisa Anne Twamley the naturalist, 1837.
  • The London and Birmingham Railway, 1839. with illustrations from George Dodgson, William Radclyffe, Edward Radclyffe and others
  • Book of the Grand Junction Railway, 1839 (the last two were issued together as the Illustrated History of the London and North-Western Railway).
  • Legends of Venice, 1841.
  • Belgium in a Picturesque Tour, 1841.
  • A Summer Tour in the Isle of Wight, 1843.
  • Life of William the Conqueror, 1846.
  • The Last of the Abencerages, and other Poems, 1850.
  • The Fall of Granada.

Roscoe's translations were:[1]

Roscoe edited The Juvenile Keepsake, 1828–30; The Novelists' Library, with Biographical and Critical Notices, 1831–3, 17 vols.; the works of Henry Fielding, Tobias Smollett, and Jonathan Swift (1840–9, 3 vols.), and new issues of his father's Lorenzo de' Medici and Leo the Tenth.[1]


Roscoe married, or cohabited with, Elizabeth Edwards, and had seven children, including Jane Elizabeth St John, writer and wife of Horace Stebbing Roscoe St John.[1][3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1897). "Roscoe, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography. 49. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  2. ^ Frederick Burwick; Nancy Moore Goslee; Diane Long Hoeveler (30 January 2012). The Encyclopedia of Romantic Literature. John Wiley & Sons. p. 654. ISBN 978-1-4051-8810-4. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Truman, R. W. "Roscoe, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24083.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainLee, Sidney, ed. (1897). "Roscoe, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography. 49. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

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