Thomas Smith (barrister)
Smith was the son of John Smith, DL, JP, and Agnes Smith. He married in 1940, Ann Dorothea Tindall. They had three children, a son who died in 1962 and two daughters, one of whom died in 1976. Smith studied at Christ Church, Oxford, (MA 1937, Boulter exhibitioner, Eldon Scholar).
He was called to the English Bar by Gray's Inn in 1938 and admitted to the Faculty of Advocates in Scotland in 1947. He obtained a DCL (Oxon) in 1956 and a LL.D from the University of Edinburgh in 1980. He was awarded an honorary LL.D at the University of Cape Town. He was made a Knight in 1981.
Smith was attached to the Foreign Office in 1946-1947.
In 1949 he became Professor of Scots Law at the University of Aberdeen and was Dean of the Faculty of Law 1950-1953 and 1956-1958. In 1956 he became a Queen's Counsel. From 1958 to 1968 he was Professor of Civil Law at the University of Edinburgh and from 1968 to 1972 Professor of Scots Law. He was a part-time member of the Scottish Law Commission 1965-1972 and full-time 1972-1980. In 1980 he became the General Editor of the Laws of Scotland: Stair Memorial Encyclopedia. Professor Smith was Visiting Professor at Tulane University (Louisiana) 1958 and at Harvard Law School 1962-1963 and he was Tagore Professor, Calcutta, 1977. He was United Kingdom representative to committees of experts at the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) and the Council of Europe. He has been described as one of the most influential, interesting and controversial figures in the development of modern Scots law.
Smith published a large number of works on legal subjects. Among those were:
- Doctrines of Judicial Precedent in Scots Law (1952)
- Scotland: The Development of its Laws and Constitution (1955)
- British Justice: The Scottish Contribution (1961)
- Studies Critical and Comparative (1962)
- A Short Commentary on the Law of Scotland (1962)
- Property Problems in Sale (1978)
- Basic Rights and their Enforcement (1979).
- Smith, T.B.; A Mixed Legal System in Transition. T.B. Smith and the Progress of Scots Law, Edinburgh University Press, 2005