Thomas Spencer Baynes
|Thomas Spencer Baynes|
Portrait of Thomas Spencer Baynes, painted in 1888
24 March 1823|
Wellington, Somerset, England
|Died||31 May 1887
|Occupation||philosopher, literary critic|
Thomas Spencer Baynes (24 March 1823 in Wellington – 31 May 1887 in London) was a philosopher.
He was son of a Baptist minister, born at Wellington, Somerset, intended to study for Baptist ministry, and was at a theological seminary at Bath with that view, but being strongly attracted to philosophical studies, left it and went to Edinburgh, when he became the favourite pupil of Sir William Hamilton, of whose philosophical system he continued an adherent.
After working as editor of a newspaper in Edinburgh, and after an interval of rest rendered necessary by a breakdown in health, Baynes resumed journalistic work in 1858 as assistant editor of the Daily News. In 1864 he was appointed Professor of Logic and English Literature at St Andrews University, in which capacity his mind was drawn to the study of Shakespeare, and he contributed to the Edinburgh Review and Fraser's Magazine valuable papers (chiefly relating to his vocabulary and the extent of his learning) afterwards collected as Shakespeare Studies.
In 1873, he was appointed to superintend the ninth edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, in which, after 1880, he was assisted by William Robertson Smith. Baynes was the first English-born editor of the Britannica; all earlier editors were Scottish.
- Cousin, John William (1910). " Baynes, Thomas Spencer". A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. Wikisource
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Baynes, Thomas Spencer". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Garnett, Richard (1901). "Baynes, Thomas Spencer". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Crawford, Robert. "Baynes, Thomas Spencer (1823–1887)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1783. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)