Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley
Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley, titular King of Mann, KG (c. 1405 – 11 or 20 February 1459), of Lathom and Knowsley, Lancashire, was a Privy Councillor, Comptroller of the Royal Household, Lieutenant-Governor of Ireland (1431–36), Chief Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster, Knight of the Shire for Lancashire, Constable & Justice of Chester, Chamberlain of North Wales, Lord Chamberlain (1455), and from 15 January 1456 was summoned by Writ to Parliament as Lord Stanley.
Stanley was the son of Sir John Stanley, of Liverpool, Lathom, and Knowsley (in Huyton), Lancashire, by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Nicholas Harington (or Haverington) of Farleton (in Melling), Lancashire. He represented Lancashire in the House of Commons in 1427, 1433, 1439, 1442, 1447, 1449, 1450, 1453, 1455.
In 1424 he was attacked in his father's tower at Liverpool by Sir Richard Molyneaux, who was arrested. His family had long associations with the governance of Ireland, his grandfather Sir John Stanley, K.G., having been both Justiciar and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (and who died there), and in 1429 he was sent to Ireland and called a Parliament in that Kingdom in 1432. During the Parliament at Westminster in 1450-1 the House of Commons demanded his removal from the Royal presence with others of the Duke of Suffolk's party.
Marriage and issue
Stanley married Joan Goushill, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert Goushill, Knt., of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, by Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel. She was born about 1401 (aged 2 in 1403). They had four sons, Thomas, K.G. [1st Earl of Derby, 2nd Lord Stanley], William, K.G., John, Esq., and James [Archdeacon of Chester], and three daughters, Margaret (wife successively of William Troubeck, Knt., John Boteler, Knt., and Henry (or Harry) Grey, Knt., 7th Lord Grey of Codnor), Anne (wife of Richard Molyneux, Knt., and Thomas Strange), and Katherine (wife of John Savage, K.G.). He died 11 February 1459. His wife, Joan, died shortly before 27 April 1466. Both were interred in Burscough Priory. He was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas, who was created Earl of Derby in 1485; his senior line died out in 1736. His second son William Stanley was executed for treason by King Henry VII in 1495.
The children were:
- Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby, who married (1) Eleanor de Neville, (2) Margaret Beaufort.
- Sir William Stanley, invested as Knight of the Garter in 1487. He was beheaded for his alleged part in the Perkin Warbeck conspiracy in 1495.
- Sir John Stanley, ancestor of the Barons Stanley of Alderley
- Elizabeth Stanley, who married Thomas le Stange, and Sir Richard Molyneux.
- Margaret Stanley, who married (1) Sir William Troutbeck, who was killed in the Battle of Blore Heath on 23 September 1459; (2) John le Boteler (Butler), and (3) Henry Grey, 4th (7th) Baron Grey of Codnor.
- Katherine Stanley married Sir John Savage, K.B., of Clifton, Cheshire. Of their many sons, the eldest, also named Sir John Savage, KG was the commander of the left wing of Henry Tudor's army at Bosworth; another, Sir Christopher Savage of Aston-sub-Edge, Glos., fell at the Battle of Flodden, and another, Thomas, was Archbishop of York.
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
|Peerage of England|
|Head of State of the Isle of Man|
John II Stanley
|King of Mann
Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby
- Richardson, Douglas, Magna Carta Ancestry, Baltimore, Md., 2005, p.771, ISBN 0-8063-1759-0
- Richardson, Douglas, 2007, p.770.
- Richardson, Douglas, 2007, p.771.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.