Thomas Stewart (bass-baritone)
Thomas James Stewart was born in San Saba, Texas. He graduated from Baylor University in 1953 and then went to the Juilliard School, where he studied with Mack Harrell. He made his debut in 1954 as La Roche in the American premiere of Richard Strauss's Capriccio, and went on to sing with the New York City Opera and the Lyric Opera of Chicago.
He married soprano Evelyn Lear in 1955, and the following year the couple participated in a studio cast recording of Kurt Weill's Johnny Johnson, first produced in 1936. In May 1957 he created the role of Dioneo in the world premiere of Carlos Chávez's The Visitors. Later that year he and is his wife traveled to Berlin on Fulbright Scholarships. He made his major-role debut with Städische Opera, now the Deutsche Oper Berlin, in 1958 as Escamillo in Bizet's Carmen. He created the role of Jupiter in Giselher Klebe's 1961 opera Alkmene and remained on the Berlin company's roster until 1964. He debuted at the Royal Opera House in 1960, again as Escamillo, and sang frequently at Covent Garden, with roles including Don Giovanni, the title role in The Flying Dutchman, and Gunther in Götterdämmerung) until 1978; he was a regular at the Bayreuth Festival for 12 years (1960–72), singing the majority of Wagner's heroic baritone roles, including Wotan/Wanderer and Gunther in the Ring Cycle, the Dutchman, Wolfram in Tannhäuser and Amfortas in Parsifal.
Stewart made his Metropolitan Opera debut as Ford in Verdi's Falstaff in 1966. He returned to that house regularly until 1980; the Met database lists his last season there as 1993–94. Aside from the above, his best known roles included Iago in Otello and Count di Luna in Il trovatore (both by Verdi), and Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin. He sang the title roles in the American premieres of Hindemith's Cardillac (1967) at the Santa Fe Opera and Aribert Reimann's Lear (1981) with the San Francisco Opera. He received a medal from that company in 1985 for his 25 years of distinguished performance.
In later years, he and his wife ran the Evelyn Lear and Thomas Stewart Emerging Singers Program of the Wagner Society of Washington, D.C.
- With Herbert von Karajan: Die Walküre (as Wotan), Siegfried (as Wanderer), Götterdämmerung (as Gunther)
- With Rafael Kubelík: Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (as Hans Sachs), Lohengrin (as Telramund)
- With Hans Knappertsbusch:Parsifal (as Amfortas)
- With Pierre Boulez: Parsifal (as Amfortas)
- With Karl Böhm: The Flying Dutchman (as The Dutchman)
- With Karl Richter: Ein Deutsches Requiem
- Thomas Stewart, 78, Baritone on Opera Stage, Dies, The New York Times, September 26, 2006
- Two Interviews with Thomas Stewart by Bruce Duffie, December 5, 1981, and January 31, 1991