Thomas Sutherland (banker)
|Sir Thomas Sutherland|
1887 Caricature of Mr. T Sutherland MP. Caption reads: "P and O". Published in Vanity Fair 22 October 1887.
|Died||January 1, 1922
London, England, United Kingdom
|Known for||Founder of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (aka HSBC Holdings PLC)|
|Spouse(s)||Alice Macnaught (m. 1880, died 1920)|
Helen Sutherland (daughter)
Eric Macnaught Sutherland
Sir Thomas Sutherland, GCMG (Chinese: 蘇石蘭, 1834 – 1 January 1922) was a Scottish banker and politician, initially elected to represent the Liberal Party and then as a Liberal Unionist. He founded The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation which was the founder member of HSBC Group and directed the P&O Company.
Sutherland got his start clerking in the London office of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O). Soon after, P&O promoted Sutherland to superintendent, assigning him to British Hong Kong to manage the firm's Asian operation. In 1863 he became the first chairman of the Hong Kong and Whampoa Dock. In order to help finance the burgeoning trade between China and Europe, and explore the potential for China--United States trade, Sutherland established The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation in 1865 and became its first vice-chairman.
In November 1884, Sutherland was elected at a by-election as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Greenock. A Liberal, he was re-elected in 1885, but when the Liberals split over Irish Home Rule he joined the breakaway Liberal Unionist Party. He was re-elected as a Liberal Unionist in 1886, but lost the seat at the 1892 general election. However, he was reinstated when his opponent was unseated on petition, and held the seat until he stood down at the 1900 general election.
In 1880, Sutherland married Alice Macnaught. She was the daughter of Rev. John Macnaught of Holy Trinity Church, Conduit Street, London, England. Sutherland and his wife had two sons, and a daughter, Helen Sutherland (1881–1965), known as an art patron; one of the sons, Eric Macnaught Sutherland, died in the Second Boer War, the other son died during World War I. In 1920, Sutherland's wife Alice died. 
Death and legacy
- Winn, Christopher (2012). I Never Knew That About the Scottish. Random House. ISBN 1407028936.
- Finel-Honigman, Irene (2009). A Cultural History of Finance. Routledge. p. 116. ISBN 1135238510.
- Debretts Guide to the House of Commons 1886
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 548. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 510. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Harcourt, Freda. "Sutherland, Sir Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36373. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Bill Peschel; R.C. Lehmann; P.G. Wodehouse; C.L. Graves, E.V. Lucas, Bernard Partridge, E.T. Reed, Arthur Conan Doyle, F.D. Grierson, Ralph Wotherspoon, N.R. Martin (19 November 2014). The Early Punch Parodies of Sherlock Holmes. Peschel Press. p. 282. GGKEY:F7G5E4WJ95H. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir Thomas Sutherland
- Electric Scotland – Sir Thomas Sutherland
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Greenock
(unseated on petition)
|Member of Parliament for Greenock
|Legislative Council of Hong Kong|
Charles Wilson Murray
Served alongside: Francis Chomley, James Whittall
Hugh Bold Gibb
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