He was a younger son of John Tasburgh of Flixton, Suffolk and educated at Gray's Inn.
Tasburgh served as a Justice of the Peace for Buckinghamshire from 1579 and was pricked High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire for 1581-82. He was elected a Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire in 1588, Aylesbury in 1584, 1586 and 1597, and Chipping Wycombe in 1593. He was Teller of the Exchequer from 1598 to 1602.
The Hawridge estate was left to his nephew, John Tasburgh.
Tasburgh married firstly Dorothy (née Kitson) (1531–1577), widow of Sir Thomas Pakington (died 2 June 1571) of Hampton Lovett, Worcestershire, and daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson of Hengrave Hall, Suffolk, by his second wife, Margaret Donnington.
- Carter, P.R.N. (2004). "Tasburgh , Dorothy (other married name Dorothy Pakington, Lady Pakington) (1531–1577)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/68014. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. pp. 324–25. ISBN 1460992709.
- "TASBURGH, Thomas (c.1554-1602), of Hawridge; later of Beaconsfield, Bucks.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
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