Thomas Thompson (1754–1828)
|Children||3 sons, 2 daughters|
Thomas Thompson (1754–1828), was a Kingston upon Hull banker and Wesleyan preacher. The father of Thomas Perronet Thompson, he had the gothic mansion, Cottingham Castle, built in Cottingham, East Riding of Yorkshire.
Thomas Thompson was born 5 April 1754, in relatively humble beginnings, his father was a yeoman in Owborough Grange, Swine, East Riding of Yorkshire. He was educated by the Rev. William Stead of Swine.
After having worked for fourteen years as a clerk to the merchants Wilberforce and Smith of Hull. Abel Smith, a partner of the firm made him manager of the Hull branch of his bank in 1784, and in 1788 he became a partner in the bank and merchant business.
In 1807 Thompson became MP to the borough of Midhurst in 1807, a constituency controlled by Abel Smith's son Lord Carrington (Robert Smith, 1st Baron Carrington), in the role of MP he followed the line of his promoters. He claimed to have been ill-suited for the role, affirming that Carrington had "... spoiled a very good banker and made a very bad MP". He resigned as an MP in 1818. He objected to slavery, and was an associate of William Wilberforce, and part of the Anti-Slavery Association, and a member of the Clapham Sect.
By the beginning of the 19th century Thompson had become very wealthy, a large house known as Cottingham Castle was built for his family by 1816. Thompson was a Methodist lay preacher, and donated money towards the establishment of chapels. His concern for the state of the poor who entered workhouses led to establishment of a "Pauper Village" in Cottingham, providing land to poor families, renamed New Village (1829). He also published A History of the Church and Priory of Swine, in Holderness.
His son Thomas Perronet Thompson (1783–1869) was a Parliamentarian, a Governor of Sierra Leone and a radical reformer.
- Robb Robinson, The Thompsons: Business, Banking, Radicalism, Sierra Leone and British Political Reform (PDF), Maritime Historical Studies Centre, University of Hull
- "Thomas Thompson (1754 - 1828)", www.hullcc.gov.uk, Hull City Council : Hull Museums Collections
- R. Thorne, ed. (1986), "THOMPSON, Thomas II (1754-1828), of Cottingham Castle, Yorks.", The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, The History of Parliament Trust 1964-2012
- "Perronet, Vincent". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Henry Schroder (1852), "Thomas Thompson", The annals of Yorkshire from the earliest period to the present time, 2, George Crosby (Leeds), pp. 353–4
- A.R.B. Robinson (1992), The counting house: Thomas Thompson of Hull (1754-1828) and his family, William Sessions, ISBN 1850721025
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thomas Thompson (1754-1828).|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Thomas Thompson
- John Russell, Thomas Thompson, Esq. (1754–1828), Chairman of the Hull Dock Company (1812–1822), BBC / Hull Maritime Museum, painting
- Thomas Thompson (1824), A history of the church and priory of Swine in Holderness
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Midhurst
With: James Abercromby
Sir Oswald Mosley, Bt