Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Bath
CB KG PC JPh
Marquess of Bath Vanity Fair 1896-04-23.jpg
"Frome". Lord Bath as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, April 1896.
Under-Secretary of State for India
In office
20 January 1905 – 4 December 1905
Monarch Edward VII
Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
Preceded by Earl Percy
Succeeded by John Ellis
Master of the Horse
In office
20 November 1922 – 22 January 1924
Monarch George V
Prime Minister Andrew Bonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by The Earl of Chesterfield
Succeeded by The Earl of Granard
Personal details
Born 15 July 1862
The Stable Yard, St James's, London
Died 9 June 1946
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Violet Mordaunt
(1869–1928)
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford

Thomas Henry Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath KGCBPCJP (15 July 1862 – 9 June 1946), styled Viscount Weymouth until 1896, was a British landowner and Conservative politician. He held ministerial office as Under-Secretary of State for India in 1905 and Master of the Horse between 1922 and 1924. He was also involved in local politics and served as Chairman of Wiltshire County Council between 1906 and his death in 1946.

Background and education[edit]

Known by the courtesy title Viscount Weymouth from birth, he was born at The Stable Yard, St James's, London, the eldest son of John Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath, by the Honourable Frances Isabella Catherine Vesey, daughter of Thomas Vesey, 3rd Viscount de Vesci. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford,[1] graduating in 1886 with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) and in 1888 with a Master of Arts (MA) degree.[2]

Political career[edit]

Lord Weymouth sat as Member of Parliament for Frome between 1886 and 1892 and from 1895 to 1896, when he succeeded his father in the marquessate and entered the House of Lords.[3] He served under Arthur Balfour as Under-Secretary of State for India between January and December 1905. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Somerset in 1904 and Chairman of Wiltshire County Council in 1906, and held both posts simultaneously until his death in 1946.[4]

Lord Bath was made a Knight of the Garter in 1917.[5] He returned to the government in 1922, when Andrew Bonar Law appointed him Master of the Horse.[6] He was sworn of the Privy Council at the same time.[7] He continued in this office until the Conservative government fell in January 1924, the last year under the premiership of Stanley Baldwin.[8]

Lord Bath was also a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry and an Honorary Colonel of that regiment and of the 4th Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry. In 1937 he was appointed Pro-Chancellor of Bristol University.[8]

Family[edit]

On 19 April 1890, Lord Bath married Violet Caroline Mordaunt, daughter of Harriet, Lady Mordaunt, who at the time of her birth had been the wife of Sir Charles Mordaunt, 10th Baronet, but the child was said to be the illegitimate daughter of Viscount Cole, who was later co-respondent in a divorce action.[9] They had five children:

The Marchioness of Bath died in May 1928, aged 59. Lord Bath remained a widower until his death in June 1946, aged 83. He was succeeded by his second and only surviving son, Henry.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Fifth Marquess of Bath’s Coat". Hormets. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Thynne, Sir Thomas Henry 5th Marquess of Bath". Granger & Musgrove Family History. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Viscount Weymouth". Hansard. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  4. ^ "Lieut.-Col. Sir Thomas Henry Thynne 5th Marquess of Bath KG CB PC (I9944)". Stanford University. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29986. p. 2627. 16 March 1917.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32775. p. 8702. 8 December 1922.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32775. p. 8689. 8 December 1922.
  8. ^ a b c "Bath, Marquess of (GB, 1789)". Cracroft's Peerage. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Daily Telegraph, 3 October 2001 & 16 January 2002
  10. ^ Daily Telegraph: royal wedding photograph http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/royalty/9176069/The-Queen-Mother-in-pictures.html?frame=2181538
  11. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard, (1938 ed) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Shaw, London. p.243

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lawrence James Baker
Member of Parliament for Frome
18861892
Succeeded by
John Barlow
Preceded by
John Barlow
Member of Parliament for Frome
1895–1896
Succeeded by
John Barlow
Political offices
Preceded by
Earl Percy
Under-Secretary of State for India
January–December 1905
Succeeded by
John Ellis
Preceded by
The Earl of Chesterfield
Master of the Horse
1922–1923
Succeeded by
The Earl of Granard
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Cork
Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
1904–1946
Succeeded by
Sir James Somerville
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Thynne
Marquess of Bath
1896–1946
Succeeded by
Henry Thynne