Thomas Thynne (landowner)
Thomas Thynne (1647/8–12 February 1682) was an English landowner of the family that is now headed by the Marquess of Bath and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1670 to 1682. He went by the nickname "Tom of Ten Thousand" due to his great wealth. He was a friend of the Duke of Monmouth, a relationship referred to in John Dryden's satirical work Absalom and Achitophel where Thynne is described as "Issachar, his wealthy western friend".
Thynne was the son of Sir Thomas Thynne, and his wife Stuarta Balquanquill, daughter of Dr. Walter Balquanquill. His father was a younger son of Sir Thomas Thynne of Longleat, Wiltshire. In 1670 Thynne succeeded to the family estates at Longleat on the death of his uncle Sir James Thynne without issue. He also succeeded his uncle as Member of Parliament for Wiltshire, and sat until his death in 1682.
Thynne was murdered on 12 February 1682 after the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark began to pursue his wife. He was shot while riding in his coach in Pall Mall, London, by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky. It was strongly suspected that they were acting on the orders of Königsmark and the four were soon arrested. Königsmark however was acquitted of the charge of being an accessory before the fact (due to the corruption of the jury according to diarist John Evelyn) but Vratz, Stern and Borosky were hanged on 10 March 1682.
Count Karl von Königsmark was the brother of Count Philip Christoph von Königsmarck who disappeared under mysterious cirucumstances in the state of Hanover in Germany in 1694, possibly murdered by order of the future British monarch George I.
After Thynne's death his widow, Lady Elizabeth, married Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset.
Thynne's remains were interred in a marble tomb in Westminster Abbey. The tomb is decorated in part with a representation of the murder of Thynne in 1682. A popular ballad summed up the episode in form of a mock epitaph:
|“||Here lies Tom Thynne of Longleat Hall
Who ne'er would have miscarried;
Had he married the woman he slept withal
Or slept with the woman he married.
- Charles Mosley, ed., Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition (Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1999), vol. 1, p. 212
- Burke, Sir Bernard, (1938 ed) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Shaw, London. p.243
- "Alan Marshall, ‘Thynne, Thomas (1647/8–1682)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008". Retrieved 2008-06-13.
- "English Historical Documents, 1660-1714: 1660-1714 V.6 By Andrew Browning". Retrieved 2008-06-13.
|Parliament of England|
Sir James Thynne
|Member of Parliament for Wiltshire
With: Henry Hyde,
Sir Richard Grobham Howe, Bt.,
Sir Walter St John, 3rd Baronet