Thomas Tresham (died 1559)
Tresham was knighted by 1524. He was chosen Sheriff in 1524, 1539, 1548 and 1555/6, and returned as a Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire in 1541 and twice in 1554. In 1530 he served on a Royal Commission inquiring into Cardinal Wolsey's possessions. In 1537 he served on another to inquire into the Lincolnshire rebellion.
In 1539 he was one of those appointed to receive Henry VIII's future fourth wife, Anne of Cleves, at Calais. In 1540, he had licence to impark the Lyveden estate in the Aldwinkle St Peter's parish, where the "New Bield" erected by his grandson Thomas Tresham II still stands.
In 1544 he supplied men for the king's army in France, and a little later was one of the commissioners to collect the "benevolence" for the defense of the realm. In 1546 he was appointed assessor to the "Contribution Commission", and was summoned to Court to meet the French ambassador. In 1549 he assisted in suppressing Kett's Rebellion, and received £272, 19.6 for his services.
On 18 July 1553 he proclaimed Queen Mary at Northampton, and accompanied her on her entry into London. He was one of those appointed on 3 August 1553, "to staye the assemblies in Royston and other places of Cambridgeshire". That year he was also MP for Lancaster.
He was named Grand Prior of England in the Order of Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem by Royal Charter dated 2 April 1557, qualifying him for a seat in the House of Lords. It was not till 30 November that the order was re-established in England with four knights under him, and he was solemnly invested. In the meantime Sir Richard Shelley had been made turcopolier at Malta. The order was endowed by the queen with lands to the yearly value of £1436. He took his seat in the House of Lords in January, 1557-8, but sent a proxy to the first parliament of Queen Elizabeth, possibly due to illness. He died in 1559.
Marriages and issue
- John Tresham, who died in the lifetime of his father. His son, also named Sir Thomas Tresham, succeeded his grandfather.
- William Tresham.
- George Tresham (d. before 28 November 1557)
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Sir Thomas Tresham". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- Burke, John. A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies of England, Ireland, and Scotland, pg. 532. Google eBook
- Dictionary of National Biography states he only had two sons, John and William.
- The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff, 1982. TRESHAM, Sir Thomas (by 1500-59), of Rushton, Northants. History of Parliament Online
- History of Parliament TRESHAM, Sir Thomas (by 1500–59) of Rushton, Nortants
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "Tresham, Thomas (d.1559)". Dictionary of National Biography. 57. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Sir Thomas Tresham". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.