Thomas W. Miller
Thomas W. Miller
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Delaware's At-large district
March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1917
|Preceded by||Franklin Brockson|
|Succeeded by||Albert F. Polk|
Thomas Woodnutt Miller
June 26, 1886
|Died||May 5, 1973 (aged 86)|
|Alma mater||Yale University|
Thomas Woodnutt Miller (June 26, 1886 – May 5, 1973) was an American businessman, lawyer and politician, from Wilmington, Delaware, and Reno, Nevada. He was a veteran of World War I and a member of the Republican Party, who served as U. S. Representative from Delaware.
Early life and family
Miller was born in Wilmington, Delaware, son of Governor Charles R. Miller and Abigail Morgan Woodnutt Miller. He attended the Hotchkiss School and graduated from Yale University in 1908. He was initially employed as a steel roller by the Bethlehem Steel Company in 1908 and 1909.
Miller worked as secretary to U.S. Representative William H. Heald from 1910 until 1912, and during this period studied law in Washington, D.C.. He was appointed by his father, Governor Charles R. Miller, to the position of Delaware Secretary of State from 1913 until 1915.
Miller was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1914, defeating incumbent Democratic U.S. Representative Franklin Brockson. During this term, he served in the Republican minority in the 64th Congress. Seeking reelection in 1916, he lost to Democrat Albert F. Polk, a lawyer from Georgetown. Miller served from March 4, 1915, until March 3, 1917, during the administration of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.
When the United States entered World War I in 1917, Miller enlisted as a private in the Infantry of the United States Army, and served in France with the Seventy-ninth Division. He was cited by General John Pershing for "especially meritorious and conspicuous service" in the Meuse-Argonne campaign and awarded the Purple Heart for his service. For this, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and served until discharged in September 1919. Miller was a founder and incorporator of the American Legion and vice chairman of the Paris caucus in March 1919. He was also Alien Property Custodian from 1921 until 1925 and a member of the American Battle Monuments Commission from 1923 until 1926.
Miller served in the administration of United States President Warren G. Harding, but was convicted in 1927 of conspiring to defraud the U.S. government. The conviction concerned Miller's service as Alien Property Custodian and the effort by Metallgesellschaft AG of Germany to overturn the U.S. government's confiscation of its interest in the American Metal Company during World War I. He served 18 months in prison. He was paroled in 1929 and pardoned by United States President Herbert Hoover in 1933.
At this point, Miller moved to Reno, Nevada, where he would spend the rest of his life. There he became the founder of Nevada State parks system and served as chairman of the Nevada State Park Commission in 1935, 1936, from 1953 to 1959, and from 1967 to 1973. He also continued his activity in veteran’s affairs as staff field representative of the United States Veterans' Employment Service from 1945 until 1957.
Miller died in Reno, Nevada on May 5, 1973. He was buried in the Masonic Memorial Gardens in Reno.
Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. U.S. Representatives took office March 4 and have a two-year term.
|Office||Type||Location||Began office||Ended office||Notes|
|Secretary of State of Delaware||Executive||Dover||1913||1915||Delaware|
|U.S. Representative||Legislature||Washington||March 4, 1915||March 3, 1917|
|United States Congressional service|
|1915–1917||64th||U.S. House||Democratic||Woodrow Wilson||At-large|
|1914||U.S. Representative||Thomas W. Miller||Republican||22,922||50%||Franklin Brockson||Democratic||20,681||45%|
|1916||U.S. Representative||Thomas W. Miller||Republican||24,202||47%||Albert F. Polk||Democratic||24,395||48%|
- http://www.time.com, March 31, 1930, "National Affairs: Ohio Gangster"
- Miller v. United States, 24 F.2d 353 (2nd Cir. 1928).
- Martin, Roger A. (1984). A History of Delaware Through its Governors. Wilmington, Delaware: McClafferty Press.
- Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
- Delaware and U.S. History
- Thomas W. Miller at Find a Grave
- Political Graveyard
- A Guide to the Thomas Woodnutt Miller Papers, NC441. Special Collections, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno.
Places with more information
- Delaware Historical Society; website; 505 North Market Street, Wilmington, Delaware 19801; (302) 655-7161.
- University of Delaware; Library website; 181 South College Avenue, Newark, Delaware 19717; (302) 831-2965.
- Historical Society of Delaware; 505 Market St., Wilmington, Delaware; (302) 655-7161.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Delaware's at-large congressional district
Albert F. Polk