Thomas Wilford

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The Honourable
Sir Thomas Wilford
KCMG KC
Thomas Wilford, 1928.jpg
Thomas Wilford in 1928
8th Leader of the Opposition
In office
8 September 1920 – 13 August 1925
Preceded by William MacDonald
Succeeded by George Forbes
Constituency Hutt
18th Mayor of Wellington
In office
1910–1911
Preceded by Alfred Newman
Succeeded by David McLaren
Personal details
Born (1870-06-20)20 June 1870
Lower Hutt, New Zealand
Died 22 June 1939(1939-06-22) (aged 69)
Wellington, New Zealand
Relations Thomas Mason (grandfather)
George McLean (father-in-law)

Sir Thomas Mason Wilford KCMG KC (20 June 1870 – 22 June 1939) was a New Zealand politician. He held the seats of Wellington Suburbs then Hutt continuously for thirty years, from 1899 to 1929. Wilford was leader of the New Zealand Liberal Party, and Leader of the Opposition from 1920 to 1925.

Early life[edit]

Wilford was born in Lower Hutt in 1870. His parents were the surgeon John George Frederick Wilford and his wife, Elizabeth Catherine Mason. His grandfather on his mother's side was Thomas Mason. He obtained his education at Wellington College in the Wellington suburb of Mount Victoria, followed by Christ's College in Christchurch. He passed his examinations as a lawyer at age 18, but could not be admitted to the bar until he had reached the legal age of 21.[1]

He married Georgia Constance McLean, daughter of George McLean, on 17 February 1892 at Dunedin. They had one son and one daughter.[1]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate Party
1896–1897 13th Wellington Suburbs Liberal
1899–1902 14th Wellington Suburbs Liberal
1902–1905 15th Hutt Liberal
1905–1908 16th Hutt Liberal
1908–1911 17th Hutt Liberal
1911–1914 18th Hutt Liberal
1914–1919 19th Hutt Liberal
1919–1922 20th Hutt Liberal
1922–1925 21st Hutt Liberal
1925–1928 22nd Hutt Liberal
1928–1929 23rd Hutt United

Wilford was elected to the Wellington Suburbs electorate in the 1896 general election, but the result was declared void after an election petition on the grounds of corrupt and illegal practices.[2] Charles Wilson was elected MP for that electorate following a by-election on 23 April 1897.[3]

Wilford then won the Wellington Suburbs electorate in the 1899 election and the new Hutt electorate from the 1902 election, which he held until he resigned on 18 November 1929.[3]

He was Chairman of Committees from 1909 to 1910.[4]

Wilford was a member of the Wellington Harbour Board from 1900 to 1910, and chaired the Board from 1908 onwards. He resigned from the Harbour Board when he became Mayor of Wellington in 1910 for one year.[1]

Minister[edit]

Wellington Mayoral election, 1910

He was Minister of Justice, Minister of Marine and Minister of Stamps in the World War I National government from 14 November 1917 to 22 August 1919.[5]

From 10 December 1928 to 10 December 1929 he was Minister of Justice for a second period, and also Minister of Defence in Ward's Ministry.[6] He "had a long-standing interest in naval policy, especially the Singapore Base, ... had travelled extensively in the Pacific and the Far East", and he "was regarded as something of a specialist in Far Eastern questions."[7]

He resigned from Parliament on 18 November 1929 to become High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.[8] In the 1930 King's Birthday Honours, Wilford was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George.[9] In 1935, he was awarded the King George V Silver Jubilee Medal.[10]

Death[edit]

Wilford died at Wellington on 22 June 1939, survived by his wife and two children.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Butterworth, Susan. "Wilford, Thomas Mason - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  3. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 252.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 44.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 80.
  7. ^ McGibbon 1981, pp. 181, 221.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 245.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 33611. p. 3476. 3 June 1930. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  10. ^ "Official jubilee medals". The Evening Post. 6 May 1935. p. 4. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 

References[edit]

  • McGibbon, I. C. (1981). Blue-Water Rationale: The Naval Defence of New Zealand 1914–1942. Wellington: GP Print. ISBN 0-477-01072-5. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Roderick McKenzie
Chairman of Committees of the House of Representatives
1909–1910
Succeeded by
James Colvin
Preceded by
Alfred Newman
Mayor of Wellington
1910–1911
Succeeded by
David McLaren
Preceded by
Josiah Hanan
Minister of Justice
1917–1919
1928–1929
Succeeded by
Gordon Coates
Preceded by
William Downie Stewart
Succeeded by
Thomas Sidey
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Alfred Newman
Member of Parliament for Wellington Suburbs
1896
1899–1902
Succeeded by
Charles Wilson
Preceded by
Charles Wilson
In abeyance
Title next held by
John Luke
In abeyance
Title last held by
Alfred Newman
Member of Parliament for Hutt
1902–1929
Succeeded by
Walter Nash
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
James Parr
High Commissioner of New Zealand to the United Kingdom
1930–1935
Succeeded by
James Parr