Tom Woods

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Tom Woods
Thomas Woods (51368093831) (cropped).jpg
Woods in February 2021
Born
Thomas Ernest Woods Jr.

(1972-08-01) August 1, 1972 (age 50)
Melrose, Massachusetts, United States
Academic background
Alma materHarvard University (AB)
Columbia University (MPhil, PhD)
ThesisEver ancient, ever new: Catholic intellectuals and the Progressive Era (2000)
Doctoral advisorAlan Brinkley[1]
InfluencesAquinas · Rothbard · Hoppe
Academic work
DisciplineHistory
Sub-disciplineHistory of the Catholic Church
School or traditionAustrian School of Economics
Websitetomwoods.com

Thomas Ernest Woods Jr. (born August 1, 1972) is an American author and libertarian commentator who is currently a senior fellow at the Mises Institute.[2][3][4] Woods is a proponent of the Austrian School of economics.[5] He hosts a daily podcast, The Tom Woods Show, and formerly co-hosted the weekly podcast Contra Krugman.[4][6][7]

Woods received media attention for writing The Politically Incorrect Guide to American History in 2004, which promoted his interpretation of US history and was a New York Times bestseller.[8] His subsequent writing has focused on promoting libertarianism and libertarian leaning political figures such as former Congressman and presidential candidate Ron Paul. Woods teaches homeschooling courses on Western civilization and Government called The Liberty Homeschooler as part of the Ron Paul Curriculum.[9] His 2009 book Meltdown on the financial crisis of 2007–2008 also became a New York Times bestseller.

Education[edit]

Woods holds a BA from Harvard (1994) and an MPhil and PhD from Columbia (2000), all in history. His thesis[10] became The Church Confronts Modernity: Catholic Intellectuals and the Progressive Era,[11] which he says has nothing to do with libertarianism.[12]

Affiliations and awards[edit]

Woods is a senior fellow of the Mises Institute and is on the editorial board for the institute's Libertarian Papers.[13] Woods was a founding member of the League of the South (see § Affiliation with League of the South).[14][15] Woods was an ISI Richard M. Weaver Fellow in 1995 and 1996.[16] In August 2020, Woods joined the advisory board of the Mises Caucus political action committee[17] where he continues advising as of April 10, 2022.[18]

Woods received the 2019 Hayek Lifetime Achievement Award from the Austrian Economics Center in Vienna[19] and awards from the Independent Institute and the Institute for Humane Studies at George Mason University.[20] Between 1995 and 2005, he was awarded $8,000 from the Earhart Foundation.[21] His book The Church and the Market: A Catholic Defense of the Free Economy (2005) won the $50,000 first prize in the 2006 Templeton Enterprise Awards.[22]

Publications[edit]

Woods is the author of 20 books. His Politically Incorrect Guide to American History was on The New York Times Best Seller list for paperbacks in 2005.[23] His 2009 book Meltdown also made the bestseller list in 2009.[24]

Woods has many articles published in popular and scholarly periodicals, including the American Historical Review, The Christian Science Monitor, Investor's Business Daily, Modern Age, American Studies, Journal of Markets & Morality, New Oxford Review, The Freeman, The Independent Review, Journal des Économistes et des Études Humaines, AD2000, Crisis, Human Rights Review, Catholic Historical Review, the Catholic Social Science Review, The Latin Mass: A Journal of Catholic Culture, and The American Conservative.[25]

Views[edit]

Woods is a Rothbardian anarcho-capitalist and Libertarian.[26]

Libertarianism[edit]

Woods in 2011

Tom Woods ascribes to the libertarian strain of thought known as the Rothbardian or anarcho-capitalist worldview[failed verification] which asserts that individual rights, property rights, peace, the free market, and the nonaggression principle are paramount and that collectivism, violence, and coercion should be opposed.[27] Like some[who?] anarcho-capitalists, Woods has stated that his anarchism is philosophical in nature, rather than practical; pragmatically, Woods has referred to himself as a "pragmatic minarchist" and Jeffersonian democrat. Woods' view of libertarianism emphasizes the importance of agorism (a belief that is popular with many left-libertarians),[28] alternative currencies (such as cryptocurrency and precious metals),[29] and political activism[30] to reduce state power.[need quotation to verify][time needed]

U.S. Constitution[edit]

Woods co-authored Who Killed the Constitution? with Kevin Gutzman, Professor of History at Western Connecticut State University. Woods and Gutzman criticize what they view as unconstitutional political overreach spanning from World War I to the Obama Administration.[31] Woods has promoted the views of Lysander Spooner, who argued that the Constitution holds no authority because the public has not explicitly consented to it and because the Federal Government in his view has not followed its obligations and limits.[32][33][34][35]

Woods advocates the compact theory and promotes the legal theory of nullification,[36][37] which was espoused by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions. The resolutions argue that states are duty-bound to resist unconstitutional federal acts. In his book Nullification, he details the history of and justification for nullification and its adoption by various political movements including abolitionists, slave holders, and those opposed to tariffs. He goes on to suggest nullification as a tool that states can use to check the powers of the federal government. As such, Woods is a supporter of the Tenth Amendment Center,[38][39] which aims to resist what it views as federal overreach through state action.

Woods views the Bill of Rights as a limitation solely on federal power, and not on the power of the states. In an article for the Southern Partisan magazine in 1997 Woods writes: "The Bill of Rights, moreover, erroneously invoked by modern Civil Libertarians, was never intended to protect individuals from the state governments. Jefferson is far from alone in insisting that only the federal government is restricted from regulating the press, church-state relations, and so forth. The states may do as they wish in these areas."[40]

Conservatism[edit]

Tom Woods at CPAC in February 2010.

In a 2011 interview, Woods said that he entered Harvard as a "middle-of-the-road Republican, the very thing that drives me most berserk today" and then later became a "fully-fledged libertarian."[3] He has criticized those he deems neoconservative and previously identified himself as traditional conservative.[41]

Woods' Politically Incorrect Guide to American History was scathingly reviewed by commentator Max Boot[14] of The Weekly Standard. Boot accused Woods of being overly sympathetic with Southerners such as John C. Calhoun and their belief in a state's right to secede and in state nullification, while exaggerating the militarism of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, and Bill Clinton.[14] Woods responded by criticizing Boot as an embodiment of "everything that is wrong with modern conservatism."[42] Historian David Greenberg dismissed the book as "a brisk tour of U.S. history from Colonial to Clintonian times, filtered through a lens of far-right dogma, circa 1939" that is "incorrect in more than just its politics" and that "would be tedious to debunk."[43] Judge James Haley, by contrast, praised the book in the conservative Weekly Standard as "a compelling rebuttal to the liberal sentiment encrusted upon current history texts."[44]

Anti-Immigration[edit]

Woods opposes immigration. He argued in a 1995 The Freeman article "Liberty and Immigration" that libertarians have made a mistake to welcome immigration (legal as well as illegal), because he views open borders to infringe on the property rights of homeowners.[45]

Economics[edit]

Woods has been an advocate of hard money,[46] and is critical of the Federal Reserve and other central banks which he views as responsible for unnatural inflation and the business cycle.[47] Economist Steven Horwitz has pointed out that Woods' monetary theory and definitions of inflation and deflation rely on a Rothbardian 100% reserve requirement, which is not the only perspective in the Austrian School.[48]

Woods believes that the gender pay gap results because "women often intend to leave the labor force for extended periods of time in order to have children, they do not consider certain high-paying fields where their knowledge would be obsolete after so long an absence."[49]

Woods has been highly critical of Keynesian economics.[50] Woods co-hosted the Contra Krugman podcast (from September 2015 to June 2020) with economist Robert P. Murphy, which critiqued Nobel Prize winning New Keynesian economist Paul Krugman's Times columns through the lens of free market Austrian economics and said it taught economics "by uncovering and dissecting the errors of Krugman."[6][7]

Affiliation with League of the South[edit]

In 1994, Woods was a founding member of the League of the South for which he has been criticized.[14][51] Woods has argued that the League has changed its politics and was not racist or anti-semitic in 1994.[52] A 2005 article in Reason Magazine called out Woods for his background in the neo-Confederate organization, stating his views meant he was not a libertarian. The author also noted his frequent writing in the group's magazine, The Southern Patriot, up through 1997 and received a quote from Woods stating that he didn't disagree with most of the views he made in said publications.[53] An article in the same year by a member of the League of the South published in The American Conservative praised Woods' background in the group, his book, and the views expressed within, especially those concerning the Confederacy and how its defeat was the "defining moment when the United States took its steps towards the abyss of the monstrous centralised state, rootless society and decadent culture that we have today."[54]

In 2013, an article by the non-profit Political Research Associates, which studies right-wing white supremacist and extremist groups, noted that Woods was a frequent speaker at neo-confederate events throughout the 1990s and since then, along with contributing to the American Secession Project started in 2000. The authors noted that a 1997 article written by Woods in the neo-confederate Southern Partisan magazine had him include in the author byline that he was a "founding member of the League of the South."[55] An article from 2014 in Alan Keyes' Renew America organization criticized Woods for his "secessionist libertarianism" and his ongoing involvement with members of "the white supremacist League of the South", though pointed out that it was likely he was naive in his viewpoints, but not racist.[56]

Woods contended in 2018 that the League was founded as a "decentralist" organization and then later took a "dramatic" and "vicious" turn toward racism and anti-semitism. Woods argued: "To show that the organization has undergone a dramatic change, I don't exactly need to hire a private detective. The League’s president himself wrote of having made a 'conscious change' to the League, such that 'we have radicalized by openly and directly addressing the Negro Question and the Jew Question.' Here is express admission of what was already obvious to anyone of good will: this is not the League Jeffrey Tucker and I joined in 1994. Anyone who says otherwise has no idea what he’s talking about. This in fact is why all the PhDs present at the League’s founding, including one of the world’s top David Hume scholars, by all accounts, are long gone — as even the Southern Poverty Law Center now concedes."[57] In an interview with Reason TV's Matt Welch, Woods stated, "Anyone who knows or listens to me, knows I would not be involved with anything sinister. The problem is I will not apologize because the group I joined were a bunch of nerdy academics like me and there was nothing wrong with that group. I could save myself an enormous amount of grief if I would apologize but I will not apologize for this because I am sick and tired of cowards who give in to this type of pressure."[58]

COVID-19[edit]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Woods has criticized public health measures meant to control the spread of COVID-19, questioning their efficacy and expounding on the supposed dangers of social distancing, masking, and mandatory lockdowns.[59] His claims in a November 7, 2020, speech Dangers of the Covid Cult[60] opposing these non-pharmaceutical interventions were labeled misleading and rebutted by Health Feedback (a member of WHO's Vaccine Safety Net),[61][unreliable source?] which Woods disputed.[62] YouTube removed the Mises Institute's upload of the video for violating medical misinformation.[63] On April 6, 2022, Woods called for "a full-blown book-length demolition of what public health has been up to for the past half century."[64]

The Tom Woods Show[edit]

Woods conducts interviews on economic topics, foreign policy, and history in his daily podcast, The Tom Woods Show, since September 2013.[6]

Bibliography[edit]

As author[edit]

  • The Great Façade: Vatican II and the Regime of Novelty in the Catholic Church (co-authored with Christopher Ferrara;[65] 2002) ISBN 1-890740-10-1
  • The Church Confronts Modernity: Catholic Intellectuals and the Progressive Era (2004) ISBN 0-231-13186-0
  • The Politically Incorrect Guide to American History (2004) ISBN 0-89526-047-6
  • The Church and the Market: A Catholic Defense of the Free Economy (2005) ISBN 0-7391-1036-5
  • How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization (2005) ISBN 0-89526-038-7
  • 33 Questions About American History You're Not Supposed to Ask (2007) ISBN 0-307-34668-4
  • Sacred Then and Sacred Now: The Return of the Old Latin Mass (2007)[66] ISBN 978-0-9793540-2-1
  • Who Killed the Constitution?: The Fate of American Liberty from World War I to George W. Bush (co-authored with Kevin Gutzman; 2008) (ISBN 978-0-307-40575-3)
  • Beyond Distributism (2008), Acton Institute. ISBN 1-880-59529-X ASIN B0082EL802
  • Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse (February 2009) (ISBN 1-5969-8587-9, 978-1-5969-8587-2)
  • Nullification: How to Resist Federal Tyranny in the 21st Century (2010) ISBN 1-59698-149-0
  • Rollback: Repealing Big Government Before the Coming Fiscal Collapse (2011) ISBN 1-59698-141-5
  • Real Dissent: A Libertarian Sets Fire to the Index Card of Allowable Opinion (2014) ISBN 1-50084-476-4
  • several free eBooks

As editor[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "How Does a Libertarian Survive College or Grad School? | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on May 7, 2019. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  2. ^ "Thomas E. Woods, Jr". Mises Institute. June 20, 2014. Archived from the original on July 28, 2020. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  3. ^ a b Naji Filali, Interview with Thomas E. Woods, Jr. Archived August 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Harvard Political Review, August 16, 2011.
  4. ^ a b Woods, Tom. "About Tom Woods". Archived from the original on January 26, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  5. ^ "Liberty Classroom | The History and Economics They Didn't Teach You". Liberty Classroom. Archived from the original on June 17, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "Profile: Thomas E. Woods, Jr". www.mises.org. Mises Institute. June 20, 2014. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
  7. ^ a b O'Leary, Lizzie (September 24, 2019). "The Libertarians on the Anti-Krugman Cruise Just Want to Be Left Alone". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on December 4, 2021. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  8. ^ "What You Should Know About the Author of the NYT Bestseller, Politically Incorrect Guide to American History | History News Network". Archived from the original on December 4, 2018. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
  9. ^ Woods, Tom. "The Liberty Homeschooler". Tom Woods Homeschool. Archived from the original on March 31, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2022. Homeschool courses by Tom Woods, Prepared for the Ron Paul Curriculum.
  10. ^ Woods, Thomas (2000). Ever ancient, ever new: Catholic intellectuals and the Progressive Era (Thesis). Archived from the original on April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  11. ^ Reher, Margaret (January 1, 2005). "The Church Confronts Modernity: Catholic Intellectuals and the Progressive Era (review)". The Catholic Historical Review. 91 (2): 393–394. doi:10.1353/cat.2005.0178. S2CID 161095414.
  12. ^ Woods, Tom (April 14, 2012). "How Does a Libertarian Survive College or Grad School?". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on May 7, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  13. ^ "Editorial Board at Libertarian Papers". Libertarianpapers.org. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c d Boot, Max (February 14, 2005). "Incorrect History". The Weekly Standard. Archived from the original on October 3, 2021. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  15. ^ Applebome, Peter (March 7, 1998). "Could the Old South Be Resurrected?; Cherished Ideas of the Confederacy (Not Slavery) Find New Backers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on June 25, 2018. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  16. ^ "First Principles – Banana Republic, U.S.A". Firstprinciplesjournal.com. March 2, 2009. Archived from the original on December 26, 2010. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  17. ^ Wenzel, Robert (August 8, 2020). "Tom Woods Has Joined the Board of the Mises Caucus of the Libertarian Party". Target Liberty. Archived from the original on April 11, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  18. ^ Clyde, Steven (April 10, 2022). "Meet The Team". Libertarian Party Mises Caucus. Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  19. ^ "The Recipients Of The 2019 Hayek Lifetime Achievement Award". Austrian Economics Center. August 28, 2019. Archived from the original on April 13, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  20. ^ "About: Author, Historian, Libertarian | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on June 18, 2020. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  21. ^ Hague, Euan; Beirich, Heidi; Sebesta, Edward H. (2009). Neo-Confederacy: A Critical Introduction. University of Texas Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-292-77921-1. Archived from the original on January 20, 2023. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  22. ^ "ISI Announces 2006 Templeton Enterprise Award Winners" (Press release). Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  23. ^ The New York Times "Bestseller List" (Paperback non-fiction), January 9, 2005 [1] Archived April 3, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ New York Times "Bestseller List" (Paperback non-fiction), March 8, 2009 [2] Archived April 17, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "About: Author, Historian, Libertarian | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on June 18, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  26. ^ "Libertarian Anarchy: Against the State". YouTube. March 14, 2014. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  27. ^ Kinsella, Stephan (August 21, 2009). "What Libertarianism is". Mises Institute. Archived from the original on February 3, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  28. ^ "Ep. 1323 Agorism: Anti-Politics, Anti-State, Pro-Freedom Now". January 18, 2019. Archived from the original on February 1, 2022. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  29. ^ "Ep. 1671 Bitcoin: A Guide for the Perplexed". June 12, 2020. Archived from the original on February 1, 2022. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  30. ^ "Ep. 1431 The Mises Caucus and the Tenth Amendment Center, Teaming Up Against the Bad Guys". June 20, 2019. Archived from the original on July 3, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  31. ^ "They Don't Dare Tell You the Real Meaning of July 4 | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on July 3, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  32. ^ "Ep. 322 Lysander Spooner: Anti-Slavery, Pro-Secession | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  33. ^ "Ep. 323 Does the Constitution Bind Anyone? | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  34. ^ "Ep. 1086 Lysander Spooner: The Evolution of a Radical Libertarian | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on September 23, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  35. ^ "Ep. 1468 Spooner vs. Locke: Can Governments Rest on "Consent"? | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on July 3, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  36. ^ "Is Nullification Unconstitutional? | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on July 5, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  37. ^ Sanford Levinson, The Twenty-First Century Rediscovery of Nullification and Secession in American Political Rhetoric: Frivolousness Incarnate or Serious Arguments to Be Wrestled With? Archived May 10, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Vol. 67, No. 1, Arkansas Law Review (initially prepared for delivery as the Wylie H. Davis Distinguished Lecture, University of Arkansas School of Law, September 27, 2013).
  38. ^ "Ep. 688 From Leftist to Nullification Champion: Michael Boldin and the Tenth Anniversary of the Tenth Amendment Center | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on July 4, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  39. ^ "Ep. 1431 The Mises Caucus and the Tenth Amendment Center, Teaming Up Against the Bad Guys | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on July 3, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  40. ^ Thomas, Woods (1997). "Christendom's Last Stand". Southern Partisan. 17 (2nd Quarter 1997): 26–29.
  41. ^ E. Woods, Thomas. "The Split on the Right". LewRockwell.com. Archived from the original on June 18, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2016.
  42. ^ "A Factually Correct Guide for Max Boot". The American Conservative. March 28, 2005. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  43. ^ Greenberg, David (March 11, 2005). "History for Dummies: The troubling popularity of The Politically Incorrect Guide to American History". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on February 11, 2021. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  44. ^ "The Standard Reader". January 31, 2005. Archived from the original on October 3, 2021. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  45. ^ Woods, Thomas (December 1995). "Liberty and Immigration" (PDF). The Freeman. 45: 775–777. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 15, 2022.
  46. ^ "Why the Greenbackers Are Wrong (AERC 2013) | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on July 5, 2020. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  47. ^ Woods, Thomas E. (2009). Meltdown : a free-market look at why the stock market collapsed, the economy tanked, and government bailouts will make things worse. Washington, DC: Regnery Pub. ISBN 978-1-59698-587-2. OCLC 276335198. Archived from the original on July 4, 2020. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  48. ^ Horwitz, Steven (September 23, 2009). "Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse". Foundation for Economic Education. Archived from the original on April 8, 2022. Retrieved April 8, 2022. Woods includes a nice refutation of a number of arguments against gold and other commodity standards. These two chapters are valuable, although I wish Woods had acknowledged that his implicit monetary theory, including his definitions of inflation and deflation, is not the only one in the Austrian tradition. (It relies on a Rothbardian 100-percent-reserve perspective on money and banking.)
  49. ^ Woods, Tom (February 4, 2017). "That Male-Female Wage Gap". LewRockwell.com. Archived from the original on March 10, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  50. ^ kanopiadmin (August 5, 2014). "Keynesian Predictions vs. American History". Mises Institute. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  51. ^ "Review Essay of The Politically Incorrect Guide to American History by Thomas E. Woods, Jr". July 30, 2014. Archived from the original on October 5, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  52. ^ "What's the Deal with Woods and the "League of the South"? | Tom Woods". Archived from the original on July 1, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  53. ^ Young, Cathy (June 2005). "Behind the Jeffersonian Veneer". Reason. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  54. ^ Larison, Daniel (March 1, 2005). "The Hegemonists, Thomas Woods And The League Of The South". The American Conservative. Archived from the original on October 26, 2020. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  55. ^ Tabachnick, Rachel; Cocozzelli, Frank L. (November 22, 2013). "Nullification, Neo-Confederates, and the Revenge of the Old Right". Political Research Associates. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  56. ^ Jacobs, Jake (December 5, 2014). "Thomas Woods' 1861 "Secessionist-Libertarianism": a defense of a slave-civilization gone with the wind!". Renew America. Archived from the original on October 27, 2020. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  57. ^ Tom Woods (May 10, 2018). "What's the Deal with Woods and the "League of the South"?". Archived from the original on July 1, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  58. ^ Tom Woods: The Making of an Anti-War Libertarian, archived from the original on December 12, 2021, retrieved July 3, 2021
  59. ^ "Some COVID Resources | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on July 22, 2021. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  60. ^ "Young Americans for Liberty - Dangers of the COVID Cult | Facebook". archive.is. November 16, 2020. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  61. ^ Carballo-Carbajal, Iria, ed. (November 19, 2020). "Non-pharmaceutical interventions, such as lockdowns and wearing face masks, are effective measures to reduce COVID-19 transmission, contrary to claims in viral video". Health Feedback. Archived from the original on December 4, 2021. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  62. ^ Woods, Tom (November 23, 2020). "Ep. 1782 Facebook Fact Checks Me, Repeats COVID Doom Propaganda | Tom Woods". tomwoods.com. Archived from the original on January 13, 2022. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  63. ^ Deist, Jeff (November 25, 2020). "YouTube Attempts to Silence the Mises Institute". Mises Institute. Archived from the original on February 7, 2022. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  64. ^ Woods, Tom (April 6, 2022). "Twitter status". Twitter. Archived from the original on April 6, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2022. What we need now is a full-blown book-length demolition of what "public health" has been up to for the past half century.
  65. ^ On Woods' association with Ferrara, see "On Chris Ferrara" Archived November 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  66. ^ Also on audio book Archived July 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, as read by the author Thomas Woods.

External links[edit]