Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick
Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, KG (c. 14 February 1313 – 13 November 1369) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War. In 1348 he became one of the founders and the third Knight of the Order of the Garter.
Thomas de Beauchamp was born at Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England to Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick and Alice de Toeni. He served in Scotland frequently during the 1330s, being captain of the army against the Scots in 1337. He was hereditary High Sheriff of Worcestershire from 1333 until his death (in 1369). In 1344 he was also made High Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire for life.
Victor at Crécy and Poitiers
Thomas de Beauchamp fought in all the French wars of King Edward III; he commanded the center at the Battle of Crecy (where many of his relatives were killed including his younger half-brother Alan la Zouche de Mortimer). He was trusted to be guardian of the sixteen-year-old Black Prince. Beauchamp fought at Poitiers in 1356 and at the Siege of Calais (1346).
He began the rebuilding of the Collegiate Church of Saint Mary in Warwick using money received from the ransom of a French Archbishop. He died of plague in Calais on 13 November 1369 and was entombed in the Beauchamp Chapel. The chapel contains the finest example of the use of brisures for cadency in medieval heraldry -- seven different Beauchamp coats of arms.
Marriage and children
- Thomas b. 16 Mar 1338 d. 8 Aug 1401, who married Margaret Ferrers and had descendants. His son Richard succeeded him as Earl and inherited most of his property.
- Guy (d. 28 April 1360). He had two daughters who by entail were excluded from their grandfather's inheritance: Elizabeth (d. c.1369), and Katherine, who became a nun.
- Reinbrun, (d. 1361); he was named for a character in Guy of Warwick.
- William (c. 1343–1411), who inherited the honour of Abergavenny. Married Joan FitzAlan.
- Roger (d. 1361)
- Maud (d. 1403), who married Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford.
- Philippa de Beauchamp who married Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford.
- Alice (d. 1383), who married first John Beauchamp, 3rd Baron Beauchamp and then Sir Matthew Gournay.
- Joan, who married Ralph Basset, 4th Baron Basset de Drayton.
- Isabell (d. 1416) who married first John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange, and then to William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk. After the latter's death she became a nun.
- Margaret, who married Guy de Montfort and after his death became a nun.
- Elizabeth, married Thomas de Ufford, KG
- Anne, married Walter de Cokesey
- Katherine, became a nun at Shouldham
Catherine Montacute, Countess of Salisbury was not his daughter, although she is presented as such in William Painter's Palace of Pleasure and in the Elizabethan play, Edward III that may be by William Shakespeare.
|Ancestors of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick|
- Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, p. 56
- Tuck, Anthony (2004). "Beauchamp, Thomas de, eleventh earl of Warwick (1313/14–1369)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
|Peerage of England|
Guy de Beauchamp
|Earl of Warwick
Thomas de Beauchamp