Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley
Thomas de Berkeley (c. 1293 or 1296 – 27 October 1361), The Rich, feudal baron of Berkeley, of Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire, England, was a peer. His epithet, and that of each previous and subsequent head of his family, was coined by John Smyth of Nibley (d.1641), steward of the Berkeley estates, the biographer of the family and author of "Lives of the Berkeleys".
He was the eldest son and heir of Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley by his wife Eve la Zouche.
In 1327 he was made joint custodian of the deposed King Edward II, whom he received at Berkeley Castle. He was later commanded to deliver custody of the king to his fellow custodians, namely John Maltravers, 1st Baron Maltravers and Sir Thomas Gournay. He left the king at Berkeley Castle and with heavy cheere perceiving what violence was intended he journeyed to Bradley. The king was murdered at Berkeley Castle during his absence. As an accessory to the murder of the deposed king, he was tried by a jury of 12 knights in 1330 and was honourably acquitted.
Marriages & progeny
He married twice:
- Firstly to Margaret Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, by whom he had five children:
- Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley (born 1320,[clarification needed] date of death unknown), The Valiant, eldest son and heir.
- Thomas de Berkeley (born c. 1325, date of death unknown)
- Roger de Berkeley (born 1326, date of death unknown)
- Alphonsus de Berkeley (born 1327, date of death unknown)
- Joan de Berkeley (born 1330,[clarification needed] date of death unknown), wife of Reginald de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham.
- Secondly on 30 May 1347 he married Catherine Clevedon (21 January 1321[clarification needed] – 1428[clarification needed]) by whom he had a further four children as follows:
Death & succession
He died on 27 October 1361 in Gloucestershire and was succeeded by Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley (born 1320, date of death unknown), eldest son and heir from his first marriage.
- Plea rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no483/483_0892.htm; first entry: mentions Katherine, formerly wife of Thomas de Berkele of Barkele, knight, as complainant; Year: 1381
- "BERKELEY, Sir John I (1352-1428), of Beverstone castle, Glos. - History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org.
- Ancestral roots of certain American colonists who came to America before 1700, Frederick Lewis Weis, 1992, seventh edition.
- Ancestral roots of sixty colonists who came to New England 1623–1650. Frederick Lewis Weis (earlier edition).
- Magna Charta Sureties, 1215., Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr., William R. Beall, 1999, 5th Ed.
- Magna Charta Sureties, 1215", Frederick Lewis Weis, 4th Ed.
- The Complete Peerage, Cokayne.
- Burke's Peerage, 1938.
- Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, David Faris, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1996.
- Royal Genealogy information held at University of Hull.
|Peerage of England|
Maurice de Berkeley
| Baron Berkeley
Maurice de Berkeley