Thomas de Maizière
|Thomas de Maizière|
|Minister of the Interior|
17 December 2013
|Preceded by||Hans-Peter Friedrich|
28 October 2009 – 3 March 2011
|Preceded by||Wolfgang Schäuble|
|Succeeded by||Hans-Peter Friedrich|
|Minister of Defence|
3 March 2011 – 17 December 2013
|Preceded by||Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg|
|Succeeded by||Ursula von der Leyen|
|Minister for Special Affairs|
22 November 2005 – 27 October 2009
|Succeeded by||Ronald Pofalla|
|German Chancellery Chief of Staff|
22 November 2005 – 27 October 2009
|Preceded by||Frank-Walter Steinmeier|
|Succeeded by||Ronald Pofalla|
|Born||Karl Ernst Thomas de Maizière
21 January 1954
|Political party||Christian Democratic Union|
|Spouse(s)||Martina de Maizière|
|Alma mater||University of Münster
University of Freiburg
Karl Ernst Thomas de Maizière (German pronunciation: [də mɛˈzi̯ɛːɐ̯]; born 21 January 1954) is a German politician (CDU) who has served as the Federal Minister of the Interior since 17 December 2013 as part of the third cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel. A close confidant of Merkel, he served as chief of staff of the German Chancellery and Federal Minister for Special Affairs in the First Merkel cabinet, from 2005 to 2009. He was Minister of the Interior from 2009 to 2011 and Minister of Defence from 2011 to 2013.
Along with Wolfgang Schäuble and Ursula von der Leyen, Maizière is one of only three ministers to have continuously served in Chancellor Angela Merkel's cabinets since she took office in 2005. Together with Ursula von der Leyen, he has been widely looked on as a possible future successor to Merkel.
Before his appointment to the federal cabinet, he served as a cabinet minister in the state government of Saxony, including as chief of staff, minister of finance, and minister of justice.
- 1 Background and education
- 2 Political career
- 3 Other activities
- 4 Recognition
- 5 Personal life
- 6 References
- 7 Publications
- 8 External links
Background and education
Maiziere was born in Bonn to the later Inspector general of the Bundeswehr, Ulrich de Maizière. He graduated at the Aloisiuskolleg in Bonn and studied law and history at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität in Münster and the University of Freiburg, he passed his first state examination in law in 1979 and his second 1982, earning his Doctor of law (Dr. jur.) in 1986.
He belongs to a noble (unsupported) family originally from Maizières-lès-Metz who, as Huguenots, had fled France for asylum in Prussia in the late 17th century. The Maizière family still attended French-language schools and Huguenot churches in Berlin until the beginning of the 20th century. His cousin Lothar de Maizière is also a CDU politician and was the last, and only democratically elected, Premier of the German Democratic Republic, who later served as Federal Minister of Special Affairs in the Kohl government.
Early career in state politics
Maizière worked for the governing mayor (prime minister) of West Berlin (Baron Richard von Weizsäcker and Eberhard Diepgen), before becoming a member of the West German team in the negotiations on German reunification. After 1990 he worked with re-establishing democratic structures in states that were part of the former German Democratic Republic. He became secretary of state at the ministry of culture of the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in November 1990. From December 1994 to 1998 he was chief of staff of the Chancellery of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
He served as the chief of the Saxon Chancellery from 1999 to 2001, with the rank of cabinet minister. As chief of staff to Kurt Biedenkopf, he helped negotiate the special Solidarity Pact designed to finance the reconstruction of the former East Germany. From 2001 to 2002 he served as the minister of finance of Saxony, from 2002 to 2004 minister of justice, and from 2004 to 2005 as minister of the interior.
Chief of Staff at the Federal Chancellery, 2005–09
On 17 October 2005, Maizière was nominated as a member of the Federal Government as chief of the Chancellor's office and as federal minister for special affairs in the first Merkel cabinet. He took office on 22 November 2005, after Merkel's election as Chancellor by the Bundestag. In his capacity as chief of staff of the chancellery, he also functioned as deputy president of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik).
Between 2007 and 2009, Maizière was one of 32 members of the Second Commission on the modernization of the federal state, which was established to reform the division of powers between federal and state authorities in Germany.
Federal Minister of the Interior, 2009-11
In the negotiations to form a coalition government following the 2009 federal elections, Maizière led the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on taxes, national budget, and financial policy; with Hermann Otto Solms of the FDP as joint chairman. Following the formation of the second Merkel cabinet, he took office as Federal Minister of the Interior.
As Interior Minister, Maizière long played down security worries, but he abruptly changed course late in 2010, giving warnings that there were serious indications of terror attacks being prepared in Europe and the United States. In July 2010, he outlawed the Internationale Humanitäre Hilfsorganisation (IHH), a charity registered in Frankfurt, because of its alleged links to the militant Palestinian organization Hamas, arguing that "the IHH has, under the cover of humanitarian aid, supported Gaza Strip-based so-called social associations which are attributable to Hamas, for a long period of time and to a considerable financial extent." That same month, Maizière announced that Germany would take over and release two prisoners of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp.
In October 2010, Maizière and Transport Minister Peter Ramsauer banned arrivals of all air cargo from Yemen, after the German authorities had been tipped off by a foreign intelligence service that there were explosives inside a U.S.-bound parcel trans-shipped at Cologne Bonn Airport.
Federal Minister of Defence, 2011–13
On 2 March 2011, Merkel announced that Maizière was to take over from Guttenberg, the federal defence minister who had resigned from office the previous day. On 3 March, he was formally appointed to this post. He held the defence ministry portfolio until 17 December 2013.
Signaling one of the biggest shake-ups in decades for the German military, in 2011 Maizière unveiled plans to reduce troop numbers, cut bureaucracy, and eliminate duplication inside the Federal Ministry of Defence. Under these proposals, the army was to be turned into a wholly professional force.
Speaking to the German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung in February 2012, Maizière said that an Israel Defense Forces strike on Iran's nuclear facilities was "highly unlikely" to succeed, and noted that such a strike would cause "obvious political damage." During a meeting in Berlin in March 2012, he warned Israel’s Defense Minister Ehud Barak against an attack on Iran, joining other Western countries which were applying heavy international pressure on Israel to prevent it from attacking Iran’s nuclear facilities.
In 2012, Maizière told a gathering of army reservists that he considered the U.S. strategy of using drones for targeted killings a “strategic mistake”. According to the online news edition of the German public television broadcaster ARD, Maizière had said he thought it was unwise to have U.S. commanders direct such attacks from their bases in the United States.
Federal Minister of the Interior, 2014–present
In the negotiations to form a government following the 2013 federal elections, Maizière led the CDU/CSU members in the working group on foreign affairs, defense, and development cooperation; his co-chair from the SPD was Frank-Walter Steinmeier. On 17 December 2013, he was appointed as Federal Minister of the Interior for a second time.
On 23 February 2014 Bild am Sonntag reported that Maizière and other members of the government, as well as leading figures in business, were under NSA surveillance. The newspaper report, quoting an unnamed NSA official, said the U.S. was particularly interested in the interior minister "because he is a close aide of Merkel, who seeks his advice on many issues and was rumored to be promoting his candidacy for the post of NATO secretary-general." From the beginning of 2015, the left-wing opposition and media commentators have repeatedly criticized de Maizière over his record as chief of staff in 2005-09, and over what he knew about Germany's Federal Intelligence Service (BND) helping U.S. agencies to spy on European firms such as the defence manufacturer Airbus.
In late 2014, Maizière proposed a law according to which the government would have the power to withdraw the identity cards of potential foreign fighters and replace them with another form of identification; this was meant to allow government agencies to prevent Germans from leaving the country to join groups such as Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. In May 2015, he banned Yuruyus, a leftist-terrorist newspaper published by the Turkish extremist group DHKP-C, and had his ministry order raids across the country in connection with this ban.
By late 2015, amid the European migrant crisis, de Maizière urged that Europe should set a limit on the number of refugees it takes in and seek out those most clearly entitled to protection. His critics say he failed to fight for more staff and budget for the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), which falls under his ministry, despite years of warnings from German states that the agency was being overwhelmed with asylum applications. In an effort to better detect the identities of migrants arriving from Syria, Afghanistan and other trouble spots, de Maizière later spearheaded the introduction of an identity card for refugees.
In 2016, Maizière banned the neo-Nazi group "White Wolves Terror Crew" (WWT) following raids on 15 properties across the country as worries were growing about a rise in right-wing sentiment after the influx of more than a million migrants the previous year.
- German Evangelical Church Assembly, Member of the Presidium
- German Forum for Crime Prevention (DFK), Member of the Board of Trustees
- Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Member of the Board of Trustees
- Moritzburg Festival, Member of the Board of Trustees
- National Paralympic Committee Germany, Member of the Board of Trustees
- Safety in Ski Sport Foundation (SIS), Member of the Board of Trustees
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (2006)
- Royal Norwegian Order of Merit (2007)
- Grand Cross of the Ordem do Mérito (2009)
Maizière is married to Martina de Maizière, with whom he has three children.
- "Dr. Thomas de Maizière, CDU/CSU" (in German). Deutscher Bundestag. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Arne Delfs (22 January 2014), Merkel Succession Beckons After von der Leyen’s Defense Posting[permanent dead link] Businessweek.
- Arne Delfs (July 17, 2014), Merkel at 60 Says No Rest on Laurels as Power Uncontested[permanent dead link] Bloomberg.
- "Thomas de Maizière (CDU)". Federal Government. Archived from the original on 5 August 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Dempsey, Judy (2011-03-02). "Merkel Is Quick to Fill Open Cabinet Position". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-07-09.
- Judy Dempsey (March 2, 2011), Merkel Is Quick to Fill Open Cabinet Position International Herald Tribune.
- Erik Kirschbaum and Eric Kelsey (March 2, 2011), German ministers in cabinet reshuffle Reuters.
- Germany outlaws charity over alleged Hamas links Haaretz, July 12, 2010.
- Prisoner Plans: Germany Agrees to Take Two Inmates from Guantanamo Spiegel Online, July 7, 2010.
- Germany tipped off Britain about mail bomb, minister says Haaretz, October 31, 2010.
- Pidd, Helen (2 March 2011). "Angela Merkel appoints her closest adviser as defence minister". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Neue Minister ernannt" [New ministers appointed]. Cabinet of Germany (in German). 3 March 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2011.[dead link]
- Judy Dempsey (May 18, 2011), Germany Plans Deep Cuts to Its Armed Forces International Herald Tribune.
- Expected Attendees at Tonight's State Dinner Office of the First Lady of the United States, press release of June 7, 2011.
- Germany: Israeli military strike on Iran unlikely to succeed Haaretz, February 12, 2012.
- Ofer Aderet (March 27, 2012), Germany official: Meeting with Israel's Barak left me 'more concerned' of war with Iran Haaretz.
- Barak Ravid (March 31, 2012), Australia joins list of countries warning against Israeli strike on Iran Haaretz.
- Judy Dempsey (June 11, 2012), Europe Stays Quiet Despite Unease About Drones International Herald Tribune.
- "Minister". Federal Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- "U.S. now bugging German ministers in place of Merkel: report". Reuters. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Merkel's aides now on NSA radar, claims Dutch news report". Germany News.Net. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- Erik Kirschbaum (April 29, 2015), Close Merkel ally de Maiziere rejects charges he lied Reuters.
- Rainer Buergin and Arne Delfs (October 17, 2014), Germany Clamps Down on Flow of Fighters to Islamic State Bloomberg News.
- Germany Bans Extremist Turkish Paper, Conducts Raids New York Times, May 6, 2015.
- Francois Murphy (November 26, 2015), German interior minister calls for European refugee cap: newspaper Reuters.
- Noah Barkin (September 17, 2015), Loyal Merkel ally in firing line over refugee crisis Reuters.
- Caroline Copley (December 9, 2015), German cabinet approves identity card for refugees Reuters.
- Madeline Chambers (March 16, 2016), Germany bans neo-Nazi group as fears of far-right grow Reuters.
- "Das Netz - Raum der Chancen und der Freiheit" (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 2014-08-17. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
- "Wie Deutschland zusammenwachsen kann" (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 2010-08-13. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
- "Den Teufelskreis durchbrechen" (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 2009-04-22. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thomas de Maizière.|
|Chief of the Chancellery
Title last held byBodo Hombach
|Minister for Special Affairs
|Minister of the Interior
Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg
|Minister of Defence
Ursula von der Leyen
|Minister of the Interior