Thomaston, Georgia

Coordinates: 32°54′N 84°20′W / 32.900°N 84.333°W / 32.900; -84.333
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of Thomaston
Thomaston-Upson County Government Administration Complex
Thomaston-Upson County Government Administration Complex
"One of the Best 100 Towns"[1]
Location in Upson County and the state of Georgia.
Location in Upson County and the state of Georgia.
Coordinates: 32°54′N 84°20′W / 32.900°N 84.333°W / 32.900; -84.333
CountryUnited States
 • Total9.74 sq mi (25.24 km2)
 • Land9.54 sq mi (24.71 km2)
 • Water0.20 sq mi (0.53 km2)
784 ft (239 m)
 • Total9,816
 • Density1,029.04/sq mi (397.32/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code706
FIPS code13-76168[3]
GNIS feature ID0324093[4]
WebsiteOfficial City of Thomaston, Georgia Government Website

Thomaston is a city in and the county seat of Upson County,[5] Georgia, United States.[6] The population was 9,170 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of and is included in the Thomaston, Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Atlanta - Sandy Springs (GA) - Gainesville (GA) - Alabama (partial) Combined Statistical Area.


Upson County Courthouse built in 1908 in Thomaston, Georgia.

Thomaston was incorporated on January 1, 1825,[7] and designated as the seat of Upson County. The town was named for General Jett Thomas, an Indian fighter in the War of 1812.[8]


Thomaston is located near the center of Upson County at 32.90 N, -84.333333 W (32° 54′ 0″ N, 84° 20′ 0″ W).[9] The city is located in the west central Piedmont region of the state.

U.S. Route 19 is the main north-south route through the city, leading north 16 mi (26 km) to Zebulon and south 28 mi (45 km) to Butler. Georgia State Routes 36 and 74 are the main east-west routes through the city. GA-36 leads northeast 17 mi (27 km) to Barnesville and southwest 18 mi (29 km) to Woodland. GA-74 leads east 12 mi (19 km) to Yatesville and northwest 19 mi (31 km) to Woodbury.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2020 census[edit]

Thomaston racial composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 4,899 49.91%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,202 42.81%
Native American 21 0.21%
Asian 34 0.35%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 357 3.64%
Hispanic or Latino 302 3.08%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 9,816 people, 3,333 households, and 1,779 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 9,411 people, 3,862 households, and 2,386 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,039.4 inhabitants per square mile (401.3/km2). There were 4,152 housing units at an average density of 458.6 per square mile (177.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.75% White, 35.30% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.77% of the population.

There were 3,862 households, out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 21.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,695, and the median income for a family was $33,093. Males had a median income of $31,168 versus $20,420 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,193. About 18.4% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.3% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Health care[edit]

Its principal hospital is the Upson Regional Medical Center at 801 West Gordon Street.


Industry in the city is driven primarily by manufacturing which makes up 36.5%. The second largest industry is educational, health, and social service comprising 21.0%. The third largest industry is retail trade at 11.6% of the total industry in Thomaston. The remaining portions of industry include agriculture, construction, wholesale trade, transportation, information, finance, management, administration, arts and entertainment, food service, recreation, accommodation, and public administration.

Arts and culture[edit]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

The Upson County courthouse was built in 1908, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[12]

  • Pettigrew-White-Stamps House
  • Silvertown Mill District

Annual events[edit]

Thomaston hosts an annual Emancipation Proclamation Celebration each May. It is the nation's oldest and longest running emancipation celebration of its kind.[7]

Parks and recreation[edit]


Thomaston-Upson County School District[edit]

The Thomaston-Upson County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of two elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school.[13] The district has 279 full-time teachers and over 5,009 students.[14]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Southern Crescent Technical College is located in Thomaston, and is a two-year technical school.[15][16]

Notable people[edit]

John Brown Gordon by Mathew Brady.


  1. ^ "Official City of Thomaston, Georgia Government Website". Official City of Thomaston, Georgia Government Website. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ "Profile for Thomaston, Georgia, GA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Thomaston". Georgia Gov. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  8. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 225. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  9. ^ "GeoHack - Thomaston, Georgia".
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  12. ^ "Thomaston". Georgia Department of Community Affairs. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  13. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 27, 2010.
  14. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 27, 2010.
  15. ^ "Thomaston". Georgia Department of Community Affairs. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  16. ^ "Flint River Campus". Southern Crescent Technical College. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2012.

External links[edit]