Thomson–East Coast MRT line

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MRT Singapore Destination 13.svg MRT Singapore Destination 14.svg
Thomson–East Coast Line
Thomson-East Coast Line logo.svg
CT251 train arriving at Woodlands MRT station 160521.jpg
Overview
Native nameMalay: Laluan MRT Thomson-Pantai Timur
Chinese: 汤申-东海岸地铁线
Tamil: தாம்சன் - ஈஸ்ட் கோஸ்ட் எம்ஆர்டி வழி
StatusOperational (Stages 1-2)
Under construction (Stages 3–5)
Under planning (extension to Changi Airport)
OwnerLand Transport Authority
LocaleSingapore
TerminiWoodlands North
Caldecott (till 2022)
Stations32 (9 operational, 23 under construction)
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemMass Rapid Transit (Singapore)
Services1
Operator(s)SMRT Trains Ltd (SMRT Corporation)
Depot(s)Mandai
East Coast (Future)
Rolling stockCT251
Daily ridership28,517 (July 2020)[1]
History
Planned opening2022 (Stage 3)[2]
2024 (Stage 4)
2025 (Stage 5)
2027 (Founders' Memorial MRT station)
2040 (extension to Changi Airport)
Opened31 January 2020; 19 months ago (2020-01-31) (Stage 1)
28 August 2021; 25 days ago (2021-08-28) (Stage 2)
Technical
Line length17.2 km (10.7 mi) (Operational)
25.8 km (16.0 mi) (Under construction)
CharacterFully Underground
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC Third Rail[3]
Operating speed90 km/h (56 mph)
Route map

 RTS 
 TE1 
Woodlands North
 NS9 
 TE2 
Woodlands
 TE3 
Woodlands South
 TE4 
Springleaf
 TE5 
Lentor
 TE6 
Mayflower
 CR13 
 TE7 
Bright Hill
 TE8 
Upper Thomson
 CC17 
 TE9 
Caldecott
 TE10 
Mount Pleasant
 DT10 
 TE11 
Stevens
 TE12 
Napier
 TE13 
Orchard Boulevard
 TE14 
Orchard
 NS22 
 TE15 
Great World
 TE16 
Havelock
 TE17 
 EW16 
Outram Park
 NE3 
 TE18 
Maxwell
 TE19 
Shenton Way
 NS27 
 CE2 
 TE20 
Marina Bay
 TE21 
Marina South
 TE22 
Gardens by the Bay
 TE22A 
Founders' Memorial
 TE23 
Tanjong Rhu
 TE24 
Katong Park
 TE25 
Tanjong Katong
 TE26 
Marine Parade
 TE27 
Marine Terrace
Siglap Canal
 TE28 
Siglap
 TE29 
Bayshore
 TE30 
Bedok South
 TE31 
Sungei Bedok
 DT37 
Sungei Bedok
future extension
to Changi Airport T5

The Thomson–East Coast Line (TEL) is a medium-capacity Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line in Singapore.[4] Coloured brown on the rail map, it is fully underground and, when complete, will serve 32 stations over 43 kilometres (27 mi) in length, becoming one of the world's longest driverless rapid transit lines. It runs along a combined north–south and east–west corridor, starting in the north at Woodlands town, passing through Upper Thomson and the towns of Ang Mo Kio and Bishan, before heading south to Orchard Road and Marina Bay, then running eastwards along the east coast through Kallang, Marine Parade and Bedok South, before ending at Upper East Coast.

The line was announced by the Land Transport Authority on 15 August 2014, merging the previously planned Thomson (TSL) and Eastern Region (ERL) lines. By then, construction of the Thomson Line had begun in January 2014. The line is set to be opened in 5 stages, with stage 1 (from Woodlands North to Woodlands South stations) which opened on 31 January 2020, stage 2 (from Springleaf to Caldecott stations) opened on 28 August 2021[5][6] and further stages up to stage 5 (from Bedok South to Sungei Bedok stations) opening between 2022 and 2025. In January 2019, an infill station Founders' Memorial station was announced, with the LTA considering to integrate the Changi Airport Branch into the TEL. When fully opened, it is expected to serve about 500,000 commuters daily in the initial years, rising to one million commuters daily in the long term. It is the fourth MRT line to be operated by SMRT Trains Ltd and also the fourth to be completely automated and driverless. The line is currently served by Mandai Depot, with another depot East Coast Integrated Depot opening in 2025, and services are operated by CT251 trains.[7]

New signage was introduced to all the stations along the Thomson-East Coast Line, which will see less text and more illustration instead. Moreover, all the MRT lines are now represented by their initials while the exits are represented numerically.[8]

History[edit]

Thomson stretch[edit]

The construction of the TEL at Woodlands station.

The Thomson Line was first announced on 25 January 2008. Several architectural and engineering consultancy packages were released in 2010 which indicated an increase in the number of stations from 18 in the initial announcement to the current 22 and length of the line from 27 to 30 km (17 to 19 mi).[9]

On 16 June 2011, the Land Transport Authority announced the location of the depot for the line, which was due to begin construction at the end of 2012. It also announced Woodlands as an interchange with the existing North South Line and an additional station located near to Republic Polytechnic.[10]

On 29 August 2012, it was announced the Thomson Line's deadline was pushed back to 2019 onwards instead of the indicative timeline of 2018 announced in the Land Transport Masterplan.[11] On 19 September 2019, the line's deadline was pushed back to January 2020.

Construction of the Thomson line began in January 2014.[12]

The groundbreaking ceremony took place on 27 June that year at Woodlands. All the working station names were confirmed as the final names except for Sin Ming station which was changed to Bright Hill.[13]

In addition, a station box located in between Springleaf and Lentor Station named "Tagore" is speculated to be a MRT station once the area is developed enough similar to Hume on the Downtown line and Bukit Brown on the Circle Line.[14][15]

The first stage of the line, covering Woodlands North, Woodlands and Woodlands South, began operation on 31 January 2020.[16] Stage 2, extending the line from Woodlands South to Caldecott, opened on 28 August 2021.[17]

East Coast stretch[edit]

Construction site of Marine Parade station.

The Eastern Region Line (ERL) was first announced on 23 October 2001.[18] In its preliminary plans, ERL was to have been a 40 kilometre rectangular loop that would complement the existing East West line and enhance inter- and intra-town travelling in the eastern region. It would have looped around the Jalan Besar and East Coast areas, intersecting the Circle Line and other lines along the way, benefiting residents in Tampines, Bedok, Marine Parade, MacPherson and Kaki Bukit.[19] The northern part of Eastern Region Line is renamed to Downtown Line stage 3, whereas the southern part of Eastern Region Line is renamed to East Coast stretch of Thomson-East Coast line. Sungei Bedok became an interchange between the Downtown and Thomson-East Coast lines.

On 11 July 2012, Josephine Teo, Minister of State, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Transport, announced that the Land Transport Authority is starting architectural and engineering consultancy studies for the Eastern Region Line, which will eventually connect to the Thomson Line.[20]

The director of rail services from the Land Transport Authority, Melvyn Thong, said on 29 May 2013 at the Modern Railways conference that there are plans to extend the Eastern Region Line to the future Changi Airport Terminal 4 which was at that time, set to be ready by 2017[21] but on 1 June that year, the Land Transport Authority clarified that the Eastern Region Line will not provide an MRT link to the planned Terminal 4.[22] On 30 August that year, Minister of State for Transport Josephine Teo unveiled plans that it will be linked to the future Changi Airport Terminal 5, a mega terminal, which will be the largest terminal in Singapore upon completion in the 2030s.[23]

Subsumation of Eastern Region Line[edit]

TEL stations opening timeline
Date Event
31 January 2020 Stage 1: Woodlands NorthWoodlands South
28 August 2021 Stage 2: SpringleafCaldecott
2022 Stage 3: Mount PleasantGardens by the Bay
2024 Stage 4: Tanjong RhuBayshore
2025 Stage 5: Bedok SouthSungei Bedok
2027 Opening of infill station Founders' Memorial
2040 Possible incorporation of the Changi Airport branch (Tanah MerahChangi Airport)

The Eastern Region Line was merged with the Thomson Line on 15 August 2014 to form the Thomson–East Coast Line, extending the project from three to five stages,[4] with nine more stations.

The groundbreaking ceremony for the East Coast stretch took place at Marine Parade on 21 July 2016. All the working station names, including Xilin on the Downtown Line extension, were confirmed as the final names except for Amber station which was changed to Tanjong Katong. The authorities are also considering extending the Thomson–East Coast line to all terminals at Changi Airport, including the upcoming Terminal 5, announced Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan.[24][25]

SMRT Trains Ltd was appointed as the operator of the line on 15 September 2017.[26]

On 28 August 2019, the Land Transport Authority awarded several non-fare businesses along the line, with Asiaray Connect awarded an advertising contract and a consortium, made up of SMRT Experience, JR Business Development SEA and Alphaplus Investments appointed to run retail space. This is the first time the LTA outsourced these non-fare businesses.[27]

Tanah Merah station, which will be the future terminus of the line when the branch to Changi Airport station is converted to be part of the TEL.

On 19 September that year, Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan revealed that the opening of the first stage of the Thomson–East Coast Line from Woodlands North to Woodlands South stations was delayed to January 2020 from the indicative time of 2019 announced earlier,[28] subsequently confirmed as 31 January 2020. Self-assistance kiosks were installed at all TEL MRT stations and will be rolled out to all stations.[29][30]

On 11 January 2020, SMRT and LTA hosted an open house for the first stage of the line, with the stage opening for revenue service on 31 January 2020. The opening of the second stage was initially delayed to the first quarter of 2021 as a result mainly due to the stoppage of construction works during the COVID-19 circuit breaker period as well as the quarantine and testing of all foreign workers in dormitories; the project was subsequently further delayed to the third quarter of 2021.[31][32][33][34][35][36]

On 30 April 2021, LTA handed over Stage 2 stations along the line to SMRT to get the section ready for operations.[37] On 30 June 2021, Transport Minister S Iswaran announced that Stage 2 will open on 28 August 2021.[6] LTA announced on 13 August 2021 that there would be a virtual open house held from 23 to 27 August 2021 since all physical open houses are disallowed due to COVID-19 pandemic.[38]

Airport extension line[edit]

On 25 May 2019, LTA confirmed that it will extend the Thomson–East Coast Line from Sungei Bedok to Changi Airport Terminal 5. Construction works to extend the TEL to the existing Changi Airport MRT station, which is a terminal station of the East West MRT line commenced in 2020. The stretch of East West MRT line between Tanah Merah and Changi Airport will be converted to form part of the Thomson–East Coast Line extension.[39][40] The extension is expected to begin construction after 2022,[41] with train services commencing by 2040.

Network and operations[edit]

Stations[edit]

Geographically accurate route map of the TEL

Legend

Aiga escalator up.svg
Elevated
MRT Singapore Destination 1.svg MRT Singapore Destination 14.svg
Line terminus
Barrier turnstile icon.svg
Transfer outside paid area
Aiga escalator.svg
Ground-level
MUTCD D9-6.svg
Wheelchair accessible
Bus-logo.svg
Bus interchange
Aiga escalator down.svg
Underground
ISO 7010 W003.svg
Civil Defence Shelter
Aiga carrental cropped.svg BSicon CHN-Mono.svg BSicon AETRAM.svg Aiga watertransportation.svg 20 airtransportation.svg Aiga immigration.svg
Other transportation modes

List

Station code Station name Images Interchange;
Adjacent transportation
Distance
km
Opening
MRT Singapore Destination 13.svg
 TE1  RTS 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Woodlands North TE1 Woodlands North.JPG Aiga escalator down.svg  Johor Bahru–Singapore RTS  Barrier turnstile icon.svg Aiga immigration.svg (2026) - 0
31 January 2020;
1 year ago[a]
 TE2  NS9 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Woodlands Tel-Woodlands-Platform.jpg Aiga escalator up.svg  North South Line 

Bus-logo.svg Woodlands
TBA TBA
 TE3 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Woodlands South Thomson-East Coast Line Woodlands South station.jpg TBA 4.20
 TE4 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Springleaf TE4 Springleaf MRT station platform.jpg TBA TBA
28 August 2021;
1 month ago[b]
 TE5 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Lentor TE5 Lentor platform.jpg TBA TBA
 TE6 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Mayflower TE6 Mayflower platform.jpg TBA TBA
 TE7  CR13 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Bright Hill TE7brighthill.jpeg Aiga escalator down.svg  Cross Island Line  (2030) TBA TBA
 TE8 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Upper Thomson TE8upperthomson.jpeg TBA TBA
 TE9  CC17 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Caldecott TE9 Caldecott platform.jpg Aiga escalator down.svg  Circle Line  TBA 17.20
Stage 3 (under construction)
 TE10 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Mount Pleasant TE10 Mount Pleasant MRT construction DJI 0198.jpg TBA TBA
2022;
1 year's time
 TE11  DT10 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Stevens TE11 Stevens MRT construction DJI 0095.jpg Aiga escalator down.svg  Downtown Line  TBA TBA
 TE12 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Napier TE12 Napier MRT Under Construction 1.jpg TBA TBA
 TE13 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Orchard Boulevard TE13 Orchard Boulevard MRT construction entrance 20201101 164720.jpg TBA TBA
 TE14  NS22 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Orchard TE14 Orchard October 2020.jpg Aiga escalator down.svg  North South Line  TBA TBA
 TE15 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Great World TE15 Great World MRT construction 20201101 160512.jpg TBA TBA
 TE16 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Havelock TE16 Havelock MRT station entrance construction 20201101 180224.jpg TBA TBA
 TE17  EW16  NE3 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Outram Park TE17 Outram Park under construction.jpg Aiga escalator down.svg  East West Line 
Aiga escalator down.svg  North East Line 
TBA TBA
 TE18 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Maxwell TE18 Maxwell MRT construction site.jpg TBA TBA
 TE19 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Shenton Way TE19 Shenton Way MRT construction DJI 0020.jpg TBA TBA
MRT Singapore Destination 10.svg
 TE20  NS27  CE2 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Marina Bay TE20 Marina Bay construction site 1.jpg Aiga escalator down.svg  North South Line 
Aiga escalator down.svg  Circle Line 
TBA TBA
 TE21 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Marina South TE21 Marina South along Marina Boulevard.jpg TBA TBA
 TE22 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Gardens by the Bay TE22 Gardens by the Bay near Marina Barrage.jpg TBA TBA
Founders' Memorial station (under construction)
 TE22A 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Founders' Memorial[42] TE19 Shenton Way MRT construction DJI 0020.jpg TBA TBA
2027;
6 years' time
Stage 4 (under construction)
 TE23 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Tanjong Rhu TE23 Tanjong Rhu MRT under construction 20200923 110726.jpg TBA TBA
2024;
3 years' time
 TE24 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Katong Park TE24 Katong Park MRT construction 20200923 110851.jpg TBA TBA
 TE25 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg
Tanjong Katong TE25 Tanjong Katong Under Construction.jpg TBA TBA
 TE26 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Marine Parade TE26 Marine Parade.jpg TBA TBA
 TE27 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Marine Terrace TE27 Marine Terrace station.jpg TBA TBA
 TE28 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Siglap TE28 Siglap Under Construction.jpg TBA TBA
 TE29 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Bayshore TE29 Bayshore Construction site entrance.jpg TBA TBA
Stage 5 (under construction)
 TE30 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Bedok South TE30 Bedok South MRT construction 20201114 171313.jpg TBA TBA
2025;
4 years' time
MRT Singapore Destination 14.svg MRT Singapore Destination 12.svg
 TE31  DT37 
Aiga escalator down.svg MUTCD D9-6.svg ISO 7010 W003.svg
Sungei Bedok DT37 TE31 Sungei Bedok under construction 20201114 190055.jpg Aiga escalator down.svg  Downtown Line  TBA 43.00
Thomson-East Coast Line extension
(The extension will take over the Changi Airport Branch of the EWL)[43][40]
TBA Does not appear Aiga escalator down.svg  Cross Island Line 

20 airtransportation.svg Changi Airport Terminal 5 Aiga immigration.svg
TBA TBA
2040;
19 years' time
TBA Changi Airport Does not appear Bus-logo.svg Changi Airport

20 airtransportation.svg Changi Airport Terminals 1-4 Aiga immigration.svg
TBA TBA
Expo Does not appear Aiga escalator down.svg  Downtown Line  TBA TBA
Tanah Merah Does not appear Aiga escalator up.svg  East West Line  TBA TBA

Depots[edit]

Number Depot name;
Lines
Location Images Line-specific
stabling capacity
Cost Opening
1
Aiga escalator.svg  Mandai  Mandai Does not appear 90 trains S$329 million
31 January 2020;
1 year ago
2
Aiga escalator.svg  East Coast 
Aiga escalator up.svg  EWL 
Aiga escalator down.svg  DTL 
Changi Does not appear 62 trains S$1.99 billion
2024;
3 years' time

Technical details[edit]

Train control[edit]

The Thomson–East Coast Line is equipped with Alstom Urbalis 400 Communications-based train control (CBTC) moving block signalling system with Automatic train control (ATC) under Automatic train operation (ATO) GoA 4 (UTO).[44][45][46] The subsystems consist of Automatic train protection (ATP) to govern train speed, Iconis Automatic Train Supervision (ATS) to track and schedule trains and Smartlock Computer-based interlocking (CBI) system that prevents incorrect signal and track points to be set.

Alstom will also be supplying platform screen doors for the Thomson–East Coast Line.[46]

Rolling Stock[edit]

The first generation of rolling stock being introduced onto the Thomson–East Coast Line is the CT251, built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries & CRRC Qingdao Sifang in Qingdao, China. 91 of these trains are built with 5 doors per car, which is the very first time in Singapore to have this configuration. They are also completely automated and driverless.[47] The trains will be housed at the Mandai Depot and the future East Coast Integrated Depot (shared with the Downtown and the East West lines).[48]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stage 1
  2. ^ Stage 2
  1. ^ "Land Transport DataMall". mytransport.sg. Archived from the original on 21 August 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  2. ^ https://www.smrt.com.sg/Portals/0/InvestorRelations/Ops%20Review/SMRT%20Trains%20Ops%20Review%202020.pdf
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ a b "Joint News Release by the Land Transport Authority (LTA) & Singapore Land Authority (SLA) – Thomson–East Coast Line: New MRT Links in the East". Land Transport Authority. 15 August 2014. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014.
  5. ^ "LTA hands over 6 Thomson East-Coast Line stations to SMRT ahead of Q3 opening". CNA. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  6. ^ a b Abdullah, Zhaki (30 June 2021). "Second stage of Thomson-East Coast Line to begin operations on Aug 28". CNA. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  7. ^ "LTA unveils sites for Thomson Line terminal station". CNA. Archived from the original on 18 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
  8. ^ "Factsheet: Introducing the New MRT System Map and Transit Signage System". LTA Singapore]]. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Thomson Line Depot To Be Constructed in Mandai". Land Transport Authority. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
  11. ^ "Speech by Mr Lui Tuck Yew, Minister for Transport, at the Inspection of Downtown Line 1 Station and Announcement of Thomson Line alignment, 29 August 2012, 10.00am at Telok Ayer Station". Ministry of Transport. 29 August 2012. Archived from the original on 8 September 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Caldecott – It's Beginning". Thomson Line Construction. 13 January 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  13. ^ "Groundbreaking Ceremony of the Thomson Line". Ministry of Transport. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Springleaf and Tagore". 18 June 2014. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Thomson Line – Contract 208". NOMA Consulting. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  16. ^ "LTA | Getting Around | Public Transport | Rail Network | Thomson-East Coast Line". Land Transport Authority. Archived from the original on 21 April 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Commuters on first trains at new TEL2 stations reminisce about inaugural 1980s MRT rides". 28 August 2021.
  18. ^ "Speech by Mr Yeo Cheow Tong at the Official Opening of Dover Station on 23 Oct 2001". MOT. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  19. ^ "Speech by Mr Raymond Lim – Doubling our Rail Network". Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts. Retrieved 26 January 2008.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Speech by Mrs Josephine Teo, Minister of State, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Transport, at DTL3 Tunnelling Works Ceremony". Ministry of Transport. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Direct MRT link to Changi Airport planned". The Straits Times. 30 May 2013. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  22. ^ "No Terminal 4 link on Eastern Region Line". asiaone. 1 June 2013. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  23. ^ Sim, Royston (30 August 2013). "Changi T5 to land by mid 2020s, capacity to handle 50m passenger movements a year". The Straits Times. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  24. ^ "Names of MRT stations on Thomson–East Coast Line (East Coast stretch) announced". Today Online. 21 July 2016. Archived from the original on 22 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  25. ^ Valerie Koh (21 July 2016). "Upcoming Thomson–East Coast Line may link to all terminals at Changi Airport". Today Online. Archived from the original on 22 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  26. ^ "SMRT Trains Appointed to Operate the Thomson–East Coast Line". Land Transport Authority. 15 September 2017. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  27. ^ Abdullah, Zhaki (28 August 2019). "Retail and advertising operations to be outsourced on Thomson-East Coast Line". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 29 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  28. ^ Tan, Christopher (19 September 2019). "First phase of Thomson-East Coast Line to open before Chinese New Year next year, with three stations in Woodlands". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 19 September 2019. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  29. ^ Liu, Vanessa (11 December 2019). "First three stations of Thomson-East Coast Line to begin service on 31 Jan; free travel for commuters for three days". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 11 December 2019. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  30. ^ Wong, Kai Yi (31 January 2020). "3 stations on Thomson-East Coast Line begin operations". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  31. ^ Wei, Toh Ting (4 September 2020). "Parliament: Thomson-East Coast Line Stage 2 to be delayed by 3 months, will open in first quarter of next year". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  32. ^ Tan, Christopher (23 March 2020). "Stage 2 of Thomson-East Coast Line likely to open after July; operating hours shortened to prepare for it". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  33. ^ Ng, Charmaine (30 July 2020). "Works for Stage 2 of Thomson-East Coast Line progressing at slower pace due to constraints: LTA". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 31 July 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  34. ^ "News Room - news-releases - Joint News Release by the Land Transport Authority (LTA) & SMRT: Shorter Operating Hours for Thomson-East Coast Line from April to July 2020". www.lta.gov.sg. 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  35. ^ "News Room - news-releases - Factsheet: Progress Update on Thomson-East Coast Line Stage 2". www.lta.gov.sg. 17 January 2020. Archived from the original on 24 August 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  36. ^ Grace, Ho (16 December 2020). "Stage 2 of Thomson-East Coast Line to be delayed by another six months to Q3 2021". The Straits Times. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  37. ^ Tjendro, Johannes (30 April 2021). "LTA hands over 6 Thomson East-Coast Line stations to SMRT ahead of Q3 opening". CNA. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  38. ^ "Thomson-East Coast Line Stage 2 Virtual Open House from 23 to 27 August 2021". LTA. 13 August 2021. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  39. ^ "LTA to assess feasibility of new rail line connecting northeast and south Singapore". CNA. 25 May 2019. Archived from the original on 25 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  40. ^ a b "At a glance: Key updates to MRT, bus network and more for 2040 master plan". TODAYonline. 25 May 2019. Archived from the original on 25 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  41. ^ "最迟明年中招标进行研究 地铁汤东线延长线2022年后动工". 早报 (in Chinese). 18 November 2019. Archived from the original on 25 December 2019. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  42. ^ Tan, Christopher (7 January 2019). "Thomson-East Coast Line to have station at Founders' Memorial in Marina Bay". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  43. ^ "Land Transport Master Plan 2040: Bringing Singapore Together | Press Room | Land Transport Authority". Land Transport Authority. Archived from the original on 23 August 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  44. ^ 2020-01-31T15:53:00+00:00. "Singapore's Thomson–East Coast metro line opens". Railway Gazette International. Archived from the original on 15 June 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  45. ^ "GE Transportation Chosen by Singapore's Land Transport Authority (LTA) To Supply the Signaling of New Thomson and Eastern Region Lines". Archived from the original on 11 March 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  46. ^ a b "Singapore's LTA selects GE Transportation for driverless CBTC solution". Railway Technology. 7 May 2014. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  47. ^ "Kawasaki Heavy Industries & CRRC Qingdao Sifang CT251 | Land Transport Guru". 31 December 2017. Archived from the original on 14 December 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  48. ^ "4-in-1 rail and bus depot in East Coast saved taxpayers S$2 billion: Khaw Boon Wan". CNA. Archived from the original on 23 February 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2019.

External links[edit]