Thomson Hankey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Thomson Hankey (1805 – 13 January 1893)[1] was a British merchant, a banker and a Liberal Party politician.

Hankey was the son of Thomson Hankey from Portland Place in London, and his wife Martha, the daughter of Benjamin Harrison from Clapham Common.[2] He became a merchant in the City of London and a director the Bank of England,[2] serving first as its Deputy Governor[3] and then as its Governor from 1851 to 1853.[4]

At the 1852 general election, Hankey unsuccessfully contested the borough of Boston in Lincolnshire.[5] He then contested the by-election in June 1853 for the City of Peterborough, where he lost by a margin of 21 votes (out of a total 451) to the Liberal George Hammond Whalley.[6] Whalley had been returned for Peterborough at a by-election in December 1852, but an election petition was lodged and his election was subsequently declared void on 8 June 1853[1] on the grounds that Whalley had been complicit in the "treating" of voters. After his second by-election win, a further petition was lodged, and a committee of the House of Commons found that Whalley's election was invalid, because he had been disqualified as a result of the previous void election. The seat was therefore awarded to Hankey, who was declared duly elected on 14 August 1853.[7]

Hankey was re-elected in 1857,[8] 1859[9] and 1865,[10] but was defeated at the 1868 general election by the Liberal William Wells.[6] He was re-elected in 1874,[11] but was defeated in 1880.[6] His name was discussed in early 1882 as a possible candidate for any future vacancy in Peterborough,[12] but when Hampden Whalley resigned in June 1883, Hankey did not contest the resulting by-election,[6] and did not stand again thereafter.[13]

He was also a Justice of the Peace (JP) for Middlesex, Kent and the City of London, and a member of Commission of lieutenancy for the City of London.[13]

He died on 13 January 1893, aged 88.[13] In his later years, his advanced age prevented him from taking any active part in public life.[13]


  1. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b "New Members". The Times. London. 26 February 1874. p. 6. 
  3. ^ "Deputy Governors of the Bank of England" (PDF). Bank of England. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Governors of the Bank of England" (PDF). Bank of England. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  5. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 55. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  6. ^ a b c d Craig, pages 237–238
  7. ^ "Election Committee. Peterborough". The Times. London. 15 August 1853. p. 10, col B. Retrieved 18 December 2010.  (subscription required)
  8. ^ "No. 21983". The London Gazette. 31 March 1857. p. 1179. 
  9. ^ "No. 22258". The London Gazette. 3 May 1859. p. 1813. 
  10. ^ "No. 22991". The London Gazette. 14 July 1865. p. 3531. 
  11. ^ "No. 24063". The London Gazette. 6 February 1874. p. 539. 
  12. ^ "Election Intelligence". The Times. London. 27 February 1882. pp. 7, col G. Retrieved 19 December 2010.  (subscription required)
  13. ^ a b c d "Obituary. Mr. Thomson Hankey.". The Times. London. 16 January 1893. p. 10, col F. Retrieved 19 December 2010.  (subscription required)

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Hammond Whalley
George Wentworth-FitzWilliam
Member of Parliament for Peterborough
With: George Wentworth-FitzWilliam 1853–59
George Hammond Whalley 1859–68
Succeeded by
William Wells
George Hammond Whalley
Preceded by
William Wells
George Hammond Whalley
Member of Parliament for Peterborough
With: George Hammond Whalley 1874–78
John Wentworth-FitzWilliam 1878–80
Succeeded by
Hampden Whalley
John Wentworth-FitzWilliam
Government offices
Preceded by
Henry James Prescot
Governor of the Bank of England
Succeeded by
John Gellibrand Hubbard