Thon Buri (Thai: ธนบุรี) is an area of modern Bangkok. During the era of the kingdom of Ayutthaya, its location on the right (western) bank at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River had made it an important garrison town, which is reflected in its name: Thon (ธน) is a loanword from Pali dhána wealth; Buri (บุรี), from púra fortress. After the Burmese sack of Ayutthaya in 1767, King Taksin established the kingdom of Thonburi in 1768, with Thon Buri as his capital until 1782.
King Rama I moved the capital to Bangkok in 1782. Thon Buri remained an independent town and province, until it was merged into Bangkok in 1971. Thon Buri stayed less developed than the other side of the river. Many of the traditional small waterways, Khlongs, still exist there, while they are nearly gone from the other side of the river.
In 1950, Bangkok had around 1.3m people, and the municipality of Thon Buri around 400,000. In 1970 Thon Buri was Thailand's second largest city proper with around 600,000 residents.
At the time of the merger, Thonburi province consisted of 9 districts (Amphoe).
- Thon Buri District (Thai: อำเภอธนบุรี)
- Bangkok Yai District (Thai: อำเภอบางกอกใหญ่)
- Khlong San District (Thai: อำเภอคลองสาน)
- Taling Chan District (Thai: อำเภอตลิ่งชัน)
- Bangkok Noi District (Thai: อำเภอบางกอกน้อย)
- Bang Khun Thian District (Thai: อำเภอบางขุนเทียน)
- Phasi Charoen District (Thai: อำเภอภาษีเจริญ)
- Nong Khaem District (Thai: อำเภอหนองแขม)
- Rat Burana District (Thai: อำเภอราษฎร์บูรณะ)
As of 2012, these have been reorganized into 15 districts.
- Jean Vollant des Verquains History of the revolution in Siam in the year 1688, in Smithies 2002, p.95-96
- Turner, Sir Ralph Lilley (1985) [London: Oxford University Press, 1962-1966.]. "A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages". Includes three supplements, published 1969-1985. Digital South Asia Library, a project of the Center for Research Libraries and the University of Chicago. pp. 384 and 469. Retrieved 5 August 2013. "dhána 6717 ; púra 8278"
- "ประกาศของคณะปฏิวัติ ฉบับที่ ๒๔". Royal Gazette (in Thai) 88 (144 ก): 816–819. 1971-12-21.
- Smithies, Michael (2002), Three military accounts of the 1688 "Revolution" in Siam, Itineria Asiatica, Orchid Press, Bangkok, ISBN 974-524-005-2.
- Syamananda, Rong (1990). A History of Thailand. Chulalongkorn University.
- Wyatt, David K. (2003). Thailand: A Short History. Yale University Press.
- Knoles, Gordon D. Bangkok Page 56-57, Temples to visit in Thonburi. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.thailand-delights.com/page1106.html - http://www.thailand-delights.com/page1107.html
- Thonburi Area | Bangkok Travel Guide & Info, Travel Information and Tourist Guide for Bangkok City. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.bangkok-bangkok.org/sights-attractions-in-bangkok-thailand/thonburi-aera/4/
- Bangkok Palace - ComeThailand.com. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.comethailand.com/bangkok-palace/blog
- The King Taksin Monument - a Monument to a Great Warrior. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/king-taksin-monument.html
- Wat Arun - Temple of the Dawn. Retrieved, September 21, 2011 from http://www.bangkoksite.com/WatArun/WatArunPage.html
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Thonburi.|