Thori caste

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The Thori are a jāti found in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Haryana in India. They are also known as the Chaudhary.[1][2]

History and origin[edit]

The Thori trace their descent from the Suryavanshi Rajputs. They claim that they held the role of commanders in the army of the various Rajput Rajahs of Rajputana. As their power grew, the Rajahs tried to defame them. This led to a split with the wider Rajput community.[3]

Present circumstances[edit]

They are found mainly in the districts of Ganganagar, and Churu. Their spoken language is Marwari. The Thori are sub-divided into sixteen clans, the main ones being Panwar, Solanki, Chauhan, Tomar, Ranghar,Dagla, Chandela, Dhol, Sodath, Khinchi, Ran, Gor and Gahlot . They are endogamous community, and maintain clan exogamy.

The Thori are a farmer They work in the industrial and agricultural sector. They have an effective caste council, which acts as quasi-judicial body and deals with intra-community dispute. The Thori are Hindu, with Pabuji being their main deity.[4]

The Thori of Gujarat are also known as Utloiwala, Batwala and Jhori. They have two endogamous groups, the Makwana and Barasia. Like other Gujarat communities, they have a number of clans, called ataks. Their main ataks are the Parmar, Makowara, Gatar, Kharkaria, Bhoping, Narodia, and Mangarchi. The community is still mainly involved with the manufacturing of baskets. Their range is northern and central Gujarat, particularly the districts of Ahmadabad, Surendranagar, Sabarkantha, Panchmahal and Baroda. Like the Rajasthan Thori, they speak Mewari.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part Two edited by B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas pages 964 to 967 Popular Prakashan
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1373-1378
  3. ^ People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part Two edited by B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas pages 964 to 967 Popular Prakashan
  4. ^ People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part Two edited by B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas pages 964 to 967 Popular Prakashan
  5. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeezg Mohideen pages 1373-1378