Thornbury Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania

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Thornbury
The Squire Cheyney Farm, a historic site in the township
The Squire Cheyney Farm, a historic site in the township
Location in Chester County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Chester County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Thornbury is located in Pennsylvania
Thornbury
Thornbury
Location of Thornbury Township in Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°55′50″N 75°32′43″W / 39.93056°N 75.54528°W / 39.93056; -75.54528Coordinates: 39°55′50″N 75°32′43″W / 39.93056°N 75.54528°W / 39.93056; -75.54528
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyChester
Area
 • Total3.87 sq mi (10.01 km2)
 • Land3.83 sq mi (9.93 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
249 ft (76 m)
Population
 • Total3,017
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
3,146
 • Density820.77/sq mi (316.89/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)610
FIPS code42-029-76568
Websitewww.thornburytwp.com
A police car of the Westtown-East Goshen Regional Police Department, serving Thornbury, East Goshen, and Westtown townships in Chester County

Thornbury Township is a township in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 3,017 at the 2010 census. It is adjacent to, and was once joined with, Thornbury Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.

History[edit]

Thornbury Township was organized in 1687 with the appointment of Hugh Durborrow as constable and received its name from Thornbury, in Gloucestershire, England. At the time not more than five or six families lived within the limits of the township. George Peirce, one of the earliest and most influential inhabitants of the township, had a wife who was a native of Thornbury, in England, and the township was purportedly named to compliment her. Thornbury, Birmingham and Westtown townships are the only townships within the present limits of Chester County which were organized before 1704.[3]

The township was divided when Delaware County was separated from Chester County in 1798. As a result, there is a Thornbury Township in each county. Landowners were allowed to choose which county they wished to be in, causing the line between the two townships, and the two counties, to be very irregular.[3][4][5]

The Battle of Brandywine, part of the American Revolutionary War took place partially in the town. It was one of Thornbury's citizens, Squire Thomas Cheyney, who informed George Washington, commander of the Continental Army, of the approach of the British troops.[6][7]

The Squire Cheyney Farm and William J. Barnard Residence are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[8]

Points of interest[edit]

Entries in the National Register of Historic Places

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930244
1940233−4.5%
195029727.5%
1960746151.2%
19708037.6%
19801,32364.8%
19901,131−14.5%
20002,678136.8%
20103,01712.7%
Est. 20163,146[1]4.3%
[15]

At the 2010 census, the township was 85.5% non-Hispanic White, 3.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 7.6% Asian, and 1.4% were two or more races. 1.9% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.[16]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 2,678 people, 1,023 households, and 734 families residing in the township. The population density was 684.8 people per square mile (264.4/km²). There were 1,095 housing units at an average density of 280.0/sq mi (108.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 91.90% White, 2.58% African American, 4.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population.

There were 1,023 households, out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.6% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the township the population was spread out, with 26.0% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $84,225, and the median income for a family was $112,291. Males had a median income of $70,602 versus $42,371 for females. The per capita income for the township was $47,505. None of the families and 1.6% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no people under eighteen, and 2.0% of those over 64.

Education[edit]

The West Chester Area School District operates public schools serving the township.[18] Elementary schools serving sections include Penn Wood, Sarah Starkweather, and Westtown-Thornbury.[19] All residents are zoned to Stetson Middle School and West Chester Rustin High School.[20]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Futhey, J. Smith; Gilbert Cope (1881). History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Biographical Sketches. Louis H. Everts. ISBN 0-7884-0206-4.
  4. ^ LL.D. Jordan, John W. (1914). A History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania and its People. New York, NY:Lewis Historical Publishing Company.
  5. ^ History of Thornbury Township, Pa
  6. ^ Wood, W.J.; John S.D. Eisenhower (1990). Battles of the Revolutionary War: 1775-1781. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. ISBN 0-306-80617-7.
  7. ^ "About the Twp". Archived from the original on 2006-05-02. Retrieved 2006-04-30.
  8. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  9. ^ PHMC Cultural Resources Database
  10. ^ GROWTH by BEAUTIFICATION - Cheyney University campus undergoes renovations
  11. ^ Cheyney Timeline Archived 2007-11-18 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Barnard Residence - Philadelphia Architects and Buildings
  13. ^ "Taylor Frazer Ruins". Archived from the original on 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  14. ^ POLLY FRAZER An Unsung Heroine’s Story
  15. ^ http://www.dvrpc.org/data/databull/rdb/db82/appedixa.xls
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. ^ "West Chester Area Council of Governments Map." On the website of West Goshen Township. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.
  19. ^ "School Boundary Adjustment Draft SK8C - Current Boundaries with Zones of Change" (Elementary). West Chester Area School District. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.
  20. ^ "School Boundary Adjustment Draft SK8C - Current Boundaries with Zones of Change" (Secondary). West Chester Area School District. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.

External links[edit]