Conley Park, one of the many parks found in Thornhill
Thornhill within Vaughan and Markham
|Cities||Vaughan and Markham|
|Incorporated||1931 (Police village)|
|Changed Municipality||1971 York Region from York County|
|Annexed||1971 into Vaughan and Markham (as Towns) 1990 (as City of Vaughan) and 2012 (as City of Markham)|
|• MP's||Peter Kent (Thornhill)|
Mary Ng (Markham—Thornhill)
|• MPP's||Gila Martow (Thornhill)|
Logan Kanapathi (Markham—Thornhill)
|• Councillors||Vaughan: Sandra Yeung Racco (Ward 4) |
Alan Shefman (Ward 5)
Markham: Keith Irish (Ward 1)
|• Total||62.90 km2 (24.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,791.9/km2 (4,641/sq mi)|
|Forward Sortation Area|
Thornhill is a suburban community in the Regional Municipality of York in Ontario, Canada. Thornhill lies along the northern border of the North York area of the City of Toronto and immediately south of the City of Richmond Hill. Once a police village, Thornhill is now a community and postal designation, although its lower tier municipal governance is split between the City of Vaughan (its western portion) and the City of Markham (its eastern portion). As of 2016, the total population of Thornhill, both its Vaughan and Markham sections, was 112,719.
Thornhill was founded in 1794. Its first settlers on Yonge Street in Thornhill were Asa Johnson (who settled on the Vaughan side) and Nicholas Miller (c.1760–1810; who settled on the Markham side). Of particular importance was the arrival of Benjamin Thorne (January 4, 1794 – July 2, 1848) in 1820 from Dorset, England, who was operating a gristmill, a sawmill, and a tannery in the community. The settlement came to be known as Thorne's Mills, and later, Thorne's Hill, from which its current name is derived. (Thorne committed suicide in 1848, after a serious wheat market crash.)
Between 1830 and 1848, Thornhill experienced a period of continued growth and prosperity. The business district of Thornhill developed on its portion of Yonge Street, between Centre Street and John Street. Stagecoaches travelled between Holland Landing (Lake Simcoe) and York (Toronto) as Yonge Street's road conditions improved with new stonework. During this prosperous period, several churches, many of which are still standing today, were constructed.
Thornhill's location along Yonge Street, a major transportation route, proved beneficial to the community's growth throughout much of the twentieth century. The implementation of the electric radial Metropolitan line along Yonge Street in 1898 running north to Sutton and south to Toronto meant that, for the first time, people could reside in Thornhill and work in Toronto. By the 1920s, automobiles also facilitated travel along Yonge Street.
20th and 21st centuries
In 1931, Thornhill became a "Police Village"; before that time, Thornhill had no independent status and was split between the townships of Vaughan and Markham along Yonge Street, since the creation of municipal government in 1850. Before 1931, each township administered its half of the village. The creation of the Police Village gave Thornhill its own political boundaries. The village was headed by a reeve.
In 1971, York Region was created, part of a wave of municipal re-organization which converted many townships into towns and eliminated many of the municipal forms of organization which had existed within those townships. The establishment of a regional administration effectively eliminated the Police Village of Thornhill. Thornhill's administration reverted to Markham and Vaughan, which were enlarged in territory and upgraded to Town status at this time.
However, many social institutions remained organized around the former municipal entities eliminated in 1971. Like neighbouring communities such as Woodbridge, Maple, and Unionville – and more so than was the case for historic suburban communities within the City of Toronto – community organizations such as local newspapers, and sports teams continued to operate under a Thornhill administrative structure. As an example, until the mid-1990s residents of Thornhill who wanted to play high-level hockey were required to play for a Thornhill team.
While the old village of Thornhill revolved around Yonge Street between Centre and John Streets, the neighbourhood is typically thought to be between Dufferin Street to the west, Highway 7 to the north, Steeles Avenue to the south, and Highway 404 to the east.
Thornhill's growth since the 1960s and 1970s has been largely connected to its location bordering what is now the City of Toronto.
Growth has continued apace. Developments have sprung up across various areas of Thornhill in each of the municipal districts which encompass Thornhill, following the development patterns of the Greater Toronto Area.
Thornhill has a very ethnically diverse population. It is home to a significant number of Jewish, Chinese, Korean, Iranian, and Italian people. According to 2001 Federal Census data, the electoral district of Thornhill (which is not entirely congruent with the neighbourhood) consists of Chinese, the largest visible minority, accounting for almost 11% of total residents (12,610), followed by South Asian (6,595), Black (2,665), Korean (2,660), Filipino (2,535), and West Asian (2,355).
Thornhill is split into Wards 4 and 5 in the City of Vaughan and Ward 1 in the City of Markham. It is represented by Sandra Yeung Racco (Vaughan Ward 4), Alan Shefman (Vaughan Ward 5), and Keith Irish (Markham Ward 1).
Thornhill is also a federal and provincial riding. The Member of Parliament for Thornhill is Peter Kent (Conservative), and the Member of Provincial Parliament is Gila Martow (Progressive Conservative).
There are no general hospitals in Thornhill, but a private hospital, Shouldice Hernia Centre, is located there.
Thornhill Community Centre
Located at Bayview and John Street, the community centre features a double arena (home to the Thornhill Skating Club, Markham Majors and Islanders hockey clubs with east rink named for Bib Sherwood in 1999), therapy pool, gym room, running track, multi use rooms and Markham Public Library branch. The complex was opened in 1975.
Thornlea Pool is public swimming pool located further north of the community centre.
- Bakersfield Public School, established in 2003
- Baythorn Public School
- Bayview Glen Public School
- Bayview Fairways Public School
- Brownridge Public School
- Carrville Mills Public School, established in 2007
- Charlton Public School
- Doncrest Public School
- E.J. Sand Public School
- German Mills Public School
- Glen Shields Public School
- Henderson Avenue Public School
- Herbert H. Carnegie Public School
- Johnsview Village Public School
- Julliard Public School
- Louis Honoré Fréchette Public School
- Roberta Bondar Public School
- Royal Orchard Public School
- Rosedale Heights Public School
- Stornoway Crescent Public School
- Thornhill Public School
- Thornhill Woods Public School
- Ventura Park Public School
- Westminster Public School
- Willowbrook Public School
- Wilshire Elementary School
- Woodland Public School
- Yorkhill Elementary School
- Blessed Bishop Scalabrini Catholic Elementary School
- Holy Family Catholic Elementary School, closed, currently rented to E.J. Sand Public School
- St. Elizabeth Catholic High School, established in 1987
- Our Lady of the Rosary
- St. Joseph the Worker
- St. Robert Catholic High School
- St. Anthony Catholic Elementary School
- St. Michael Catholic Academy
- St. Luke Catholic Elementary School
- Blyth Education
- Toronto Waldorf School
- Salam Toronto – Bilingual Persian-English weekly paper.
Film and broadcasting
- Hayden Christensen – Actor, most notable for playing Anakin Skywalker in the Star Wars prequel trilogy
- Sidney M. Cohen – TV Director and Producer The Mad Dash and Thrill of a Lifetime & "Accessibility in Action"
- Lauren Collins – Actress, notable role of Paige on Degrassi: The Next Generation
- Daniel Dale – Reporter and fact-checker for CNN 
- Jian Ghomeshi – musician and ex. CBC radio personality
- Corey Haim – Actor, best known for roles in movies, such as Lucas, and The Lost Boys
- Tajja Isen – Voice actress
- Simcha Jacobovici – Known as "The Naked Archaeologist"
- Hadley Kay – Voice actor
- Paul McGuire – Host on CMT (Canada)
- Dan Shulman – Sports broadcaster who works for ESPN
- Stu Stone – Actor and voiceover performer
- Daniel Magder – Actor
- By Divine Right – indie rock band
- Gerald Eaton – R&B singer-songwriter, producer and lead singer of The Philosopher Kings
- Moxy Früvous – Musical group of the 1990s whose songs featured satirical themes (included CBC personality Jian Ghomeshi)
- Hayden – Folk rock musician and songwriter.
- hHead – alternative rock band of the 1990s
- Judy & David – children's recording artists, composers, television personalities, and live concert artists
- Ryan and Dan Kowarsky – Singers, members of the music group b4-4
- Jon Levine – Musician, Producer – The Philosopher Kings
- Anne Murray – singer – lived in one of Thornhill's oldest districts near the pond for several years
- The Philosopher Kings – R&B band
- Jackie Richardson – Gospel, blues and jazz singer
- Fred S. Haines – Painter (1879–1960)
- J. E. H. MacDonald – Group of Seven painter
- Thoreau MacDonald – illustrator, designer and calligrapher
- Bianca Andreescu, professional tennis player; 2019 US Open singles champion
- Adrian Cann (born 1980) – Professional soccer player
- Tomer Chencinski (born 1984) - Israeli-Canadian soccer player
- Gillian Ferrari – Women's ice hockey player; won gold medal for Canadian women's hockey team in 2006 Winter Olympics
- Alison Goring – Women's curling champion
- Adam Henrich (born 1984) – Professional ice hockey player for Coventry Blaze of the Elite Ice Hockey League
- Michael Henrich (born 1980) – Professional ice hockey player for Dornbirner EC in Austria
- Eric Himelfarb (born 1983) – Professional ice hockey player for Linköpings HC in the Swedish Elitserien (SEL)
- Joshua Ho-Sang (born 1996) – Professional ice hockey player in the New York Islanders organization
- Mitch Marner – Professional hockey player for the Toronto Maple Leafs
- Dominic Moore – Professional ice hockey player with the Toronto Maple Leafs
- Steve Moore – Professional ice hockey player with the Colorado Avalanche until a career-ending injury
- Milos Raonic (born 1990) – Professional tennis player
- Paul Rosen (born 1960) – Paralympic ice hockey player; won gold medal for Canadian men's paralympic hockey team in 2006 Winter Olympics
- Ben Silverman – Professional golfer
- Andrew Wiggins (born 1995) – Professional basketball player for the Golden State Warriors of the NBA
- Craig Kielburger – Canadian author, social entrepreneur, Creator and founder of Free the Children, child-run campaign against child labour and injustice.
- Marc Kielburger - Canadian author, social entrepreneur, Co Founder of WE Charity, CEO of ME to WE
- Robert McGhee – Archaeologist and author specializing in the archaeology of the Arctic, currently Curator of Western Arctic Archaeology at the Canadian Museum of Civilization.
- Sue Rodriguez – Advocate of the right to die with dignity. Her story was the topic of the 1998 feature film At the End of the Day: The Sue Rodriguez Story.
- The Bee Family – internet personalities
- For a fuller account of Thornhill's early history, see Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793–1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), 297–301; 70f., 97f., 140f., 170, 335.
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census Thornhill". Statistics Canada. 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- "Biography – THORNE, BENJAMIN – Volume VII (1836-1850) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". biographi.ca. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "Federal Electoral District Profile of Thornhill, Ontario (1996 Representation Order), 2001 Census". 2.statcan.ca. November 10, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
- "2009 Report of Canada's Demographic Task Force". April 10, 2013.
- "Thornhill Community Centre". City of Markham. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- "Temporary Relocation of E.J. Sand". E.J. Sand Public School. 2018-04-27. Archived from the original on 2018-09-30. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
- "York Farmers Market". Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- "Now Playing: Thornhill's Hottest Export – Thornhill Post – September 2011 – Toronto, Ontario". Postcity.com. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "May 16th-The force is with Thornhill teen « DESIRING HAYDEN.NET PRESS ARCHIVE". Desiringhayden.net. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "CNN Profiles - Daniel Dale - Reporter". CNN. Retrieved 2020-08-28.
- Li, David (28 March 2014). "Thornhill's Ghomeshi enjoys family reunion during Junos". Metroland Media. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- "Corey Haim to Be Buried in His Native Toronto". UsMagazine.com. 2010-03-11. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "Client Biography – Paul McGuire". Iegroup.ca. Archived from the original on 2012-06-17. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "Prodigy or precocious?". Thestar.com. 2009-04-01. Archived from the original on 2009-04-07. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "By Divine Right – Post City Magazines – March 2010 – Toronto, Ontario". Postcity.com. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- tiny_love (2006-06-08). "Tiny things are nice: highschool". Tinythingsarenice.blogspot.ca. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- Erin Silver. "Judy & David – Jumping up and down". Judy and David. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "Sony/ATV Music Publishing : Jon Levine". Sonyatv.com. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "A Community North of Toronto that is Home to Several Music Bands | PRI's The World". Theworld.org. 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "Thornhill singer a spark for Spark Gala". YorkRegion Article. 2012-05-02. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "Fred Haines – Famous Meaford Artist | Network News". Networknewsdaily.com. Retrieved 2012-06-12.[dead link]
- "Walking Tour of Historic Thornhill – Thoreau MacDonald House". Thornhillhistoric.org. 2005-04-12. Archived from the original on 2012-06-27. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- Craig Kielburger, for. "How young people can help end child labor". CNN. Retrieved 2019-11-04.
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