Thornton Rust

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Thornton Rust
ThorntonRust(ChrisHeaton)Jul2006.jpg
Cottages in Thornton Rust
Thornton Rust is located in North Yorkshire
Thornton Rust
Thornton Rust
Thornton Rust shown within North Yorkshire
Population 107 
OS grid reference SD972888
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEYBURN
Postcode district DL8 3
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
YorkshireCoordinates: 54°17′44″N 2°02′38″W / 54.295662°N 2.0439506°W / 54.295662; -2.0439506

Thornton Rust is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies in the Yorkshire Dales about 2 miles west of Aysgarth, high on the south bank of the Ure in Wensleydale.

History[edit]

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Toreton. At the time of the Norman invasion the manor belonged to Thor, but afterwards was granted to Count Alan of Brittany.[1] A mesne lordship was held here by Sybil of Thornton in 1286, but the head tenant of the manor was Robert de Tateshall, who was also lord of Thorlaby manor. The descent of Thornton Rust manor followed that of Thoralby into the 19th century.[2][3]

The topynomy of the village name is derived from the combination of the Old English words of þorn and tūn, which gave the meaning of Thorn tree farm, and partly from St. Restitutus, the patron saint of the medieval chapel erected here. The chapel no longer exists.[2][4]

Governance[edit]

The village lies within the Richmond UK Parliament constituency. It also lies within the Upper Dales electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Addlebrough ward of Richmondshire District Council.[5]

The civil parish shares a grouped parish council with the civil parishes of Aysgarth, Bishopdale, Newbiggin and Thoralby, known as Aysgarth & District Parish Council.[6]

Geography[edit]

The village is at an elevation of 870 feet (270 m) at its highest. The River Ure and the A684 are 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the north. The village of Aysgarth is 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the south east and Bainbridge 2.6 miles (4.2 km) to the north west. It is a typical linear village on top of a limestone scar.[5]

Demography[edit]

Population[7][8][9]
Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Total 143 121 110 112 108 125 127 142 135 107

2001 census[edit]

The 2001 UK census showed that the population was split 50% male to 50% female. The religious constituency was made of 78.4% Christian and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 97.7% White British and 2.3% White other. There were 57 dwellings.[8]

2011 census[edit]

The 2011 UK census showed that the population was split 51.4% male to 48.6% female. The religious constituency was made of 78.5% Christian and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 98.1% White British and 1.9% each White Other . There were 63 dwellings.[9]

Community and culture[edit]

The village has a bus service which is operated by the Little White Bus and goes between Hawes and Leyburn. More Services can be reached from the nearby villages of Aysgarth and Worton.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thornton Rust in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b "History". Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 346. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  4. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 611. ISBN 978-0521168557. 
  5. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  6. ^ "Parish and Town Councils". Richmondshire District Council. 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population at Cenuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  10. ^ http://www.littlewhitebus.co.uk/resources/LWB%20Voyager%20Full%20Timetable%20-%20Website%20v2.pdf

External links[edit]

Media related to Thornton Rust at Wikimedia Commons