The village is on the north bank of the River Wharfe which separates it from Boston Spa to the south. It has a primary school and public house. Historically the parish of Thorp Arch was in the Ainsty, a division of Yorkshire separate from the ridings. It had a population of 1,123 in 2001, increasing to 1,591 at the 2011 census.
The village railway station, now closed, was next to the trading estate on the closed Harrogate to Church Fenton Line. Current day public transport is provided by bus route 7 to Harrogate, Wetherby and Leeds, operated by The Harrogate Bus Company.
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