The village is on the north bank of the River Wharfe which separates it from Boston Spa to the south. It has a primary school and public house. Historically the parish of Thorp Arch was in the Ainsty, a division of Yorkshire separate from the ridings. It had a population of 1,123 in 2001, increasing to 1,591 at the 2011 census.
The village railway station, now closed, was next to the trading estate on the closed Harrogate to Church Fenton Line. Current day Public Transport is provided by bus route 7 to Harrogate, Wetherby & Leeds, operated by The Harrogate Bus Company.
- "Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Leeds". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 19 March 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- [https://www.bl.uk/visit/reading-rooms/boston-spa Boston Spa - The British Library
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