St Peter's parish church, Thorpe Salvin, South Yorkshire, seen from the southeast
|Thorpe Salvin shown within South Yorkshire|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Thorpe Salvin is a village and a civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England, on the border with Nottinghamshire. It lies between Worksop and Harthill, and is located at an elevation of around 110 metres above sea level. It has a population of 502, reducing to 476 at the 2011 Census.
The rectangular-towered parish church of St Peter, a predominantly 12th-century structure with 15th-century additions, is emblazoned with Norman carvings, and has been nominated among England's 1,000 best churches. The village has a public house, the Parish Oven.
The name Thorpe derives from the Norse for an outlying farmstead, while Salvin refers to 13th century lord of the manor Ralph Salvain. There are earlier references to the settlement though, including a mention in the Domesday Book as Rynkenild Thorp, part of Roger de Busli's Laughton en le Morthen estate. This name refers to the settlement's place on the Roman road of Rynkenild Street, now Packman Lane.
Thorpe Salvin contains the ruins of Thorpe Hall, a manor house designed and built by Robert Smythson in 1570. It was built on the site of the previous manor house which was the residence of an earlier lord of the manor, Sir Bryan Sandford, Knight, who fought for Henry Tudor at the Battle of Bosworth Field, 19 August 1485. Sir Bryan was one of many who defected from Richard III's army just days before the battle. For more information about this and the Sanford Family of Co.Yorks and Virginia, see the Sanford Index, Revised, by Charles M. Marsteller.
In 1636, the hall was bought by Edward Osborne. When his descendant Thomas Osborne became Duke of Leeds, he moved out to a grander property in Kiveton Park, and the hall fell into disuse. It was partially demolished in the 1820s, with only the south front now remaining.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Rotherham Retrieved 28 August 2009
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
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