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Thorvald N. Thiele

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Thorvald N. Thiele
Born(1838-12-24)24 December 1838
Died26 September 1910(1910-09-26) (aged 71)
Alma materUniversity of Copenhagen
Scientific career
FieldsAstronomy, Statistics
InstitutionsCopenhagen Observatory
Doctoral advisorHeinrich Louis d'Arrest

Thorvald Nicolai Thiele (24 December 1838 – 26 September 1910) was a Danish astronomer and director of the Copenhagen Observatory.[1] He was also an actuary and mathematician, most notable for his work in statistics, interpolation and the three-body problem.

Thiele made notable contributions to the statistical study of random time series and introduced the cumulants and likelihood functions, and was considered to be one of the greatest statisticians of all time by Ronald Fisher.[2] In the early 1900s he also developed and proposed a generalisation of approval voting to multiple winner elections called sequential proportional approval voting,[3] which was briefly used for party lists in Sweden when proportional representation was introduced in 1909.

Thiele also was a founder and Mathematical Director of the Hafnia Insurance Company and led the founding of the Danish Society of Actuaries. It was through his insurance work that he came into contact with fellow mathematician Jørgen Pedersen Gram.

Thiele was the father of astronomer Holger Thiele.

The main-belt asteroids 843 Nicolaia (discovered by his son Holger) and 1586 Thiele are named in his honour.[1]

Selected publications

  • Sur la compensation de quelques erreurs quasi-systématiques par la méthode des moindres carrés. 1880.
  • Theory of observations. 1903.
  • Interpolationsrechnung. 1909.[4]

See also


Notes and references



  1. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1586) Thiele". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1586) Thiele. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 125–126. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1587. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  2. ^ Jerzy Neyman, “Note on an Article by Sir Ronald Fisher,” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B (Methodological), 18, 2 (July 1956): 288–294, doi:10.1111/j.2517-6161.1956.tb00236.x.
  3. ^ Reuterskiöld, C. A.; Phragmén, E.; Svensén, Emil; Huss, E. G.; Fahlbeck, Pontus E.; Alin, Oscar (1899). "1899 Vol. 2 no. 2". Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift. 2. Archived from the original on 2015-06-18.
  4. ^ Rietz, H. L. (1911). "Book Review: Interpolationsrechnung". Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. 17 (7): 372–374. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1911-02086-9. ISSN 0002-9904.