Thousand Oaks, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Thousand Oaks)
Jump to: navigation, search
Thousand Oaks, California
General law city[1]
City of Thousand Oaks
City of Thousand Oaks sign and oak tree
City of Thousand Oaks sign and oak tree
Official seal of Thousand Oaks, California
Location in Ventura County and the state of California
Location in Ventura County and the state of California
Thousand Oaks is located in California
Thousand Oaks
Thousand Oaks
Thousand Oaks is located in the US
Thousand Oaks
Thousand Oaks
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°11′22″N 118°52′30″W / 34.18944°N 118.87500°W / 34.18944; -118.87500Coordinates: 34°11′22″N 118°52′30″W / 34.18944°N 118.87500°W / 34.18944; -118.87500
Country United States
State California
County Ventura
Incorporated October 7, 1964[2]
 • Type Council/Manager[1]
 • City Council[5] Mayor Claudia Bill-de la Peña
 • State Senator Henry Stern (D)[3]
 • CA Assembly Jacqui Irwin (D)[3]
 • U. S. Rep. Julia Brownley (D)[4]
 • Total 55.33 sq mi (143.31 km2)
 • Land 55.18 sq mi (142.92 km2)
 • Water 0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2)  0.27%
Elevation[7] 886 ft (270 m)
Population (2010)[8]
 • Total 126,683
 • Estimate (2016)[9] 128,888
 • Rank 2nd in Ventura County
43rd in California
 • Density 2,335.69/sq mi (901.82/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 91359, 91320, 91360, 91361, 91362
Area code(s) 805
FIPS code 06-78582
GNIS feature IDs 1661567, 2412065

Thousand Oaks is a city in southeastern Ventura County, California, United States. It is in the northwestern part of the Greater Los Angeles Area, approximately 35 miles (56 km) from Downtown Los Angeles and is less than 15 mi (24 km) from the Los Angeles city neighborhood of Woodland Hills. It was named after the many oak trees that grow in the area, and the city seal is adorned with an oak.

The city forms the central populated core of the Conejo Valley. Thousand Oaks was incorporated in 1964, but has since expanded to the west and east. Two-thirds of neighboring Westlake Village and most of Newbury Park were annexed by the city during the late 1960s and 1970s. The Los Angeles County–Ventura County line crosses at the city's eastern border with Westlake Village. The population was estimated to be 129,339 in 2015,[10] up from 126,683 at the 2010 census.[8]

Thousand Oaks and Newbury Park were part of a master-planned city, created by the Janss Investment Company in the mid-1950s. It included about 1,000 custom home lots, 2,000 single-family residences, a regional shopping center, a 200-acre (0.81 km2) industrial park and several neighborhood shopping centers. The median home price is around $669,500.[11] Thousand Oaks was ranked the fourth-safest among cities with a population greater than 100,000 in the United States by the FBI's 2013 Uniform Crime Reports.[12][13]


Majestic old oak tree in Thousand Oaks.

Pre-colonial period[edit]

Chumash people were the first to inhabit what is now called Thousand Oaks.[14] The Chumash settled here over 10,000 years ago, and several Chumash villages were located in Thousand Oaks. Sap'wi (“House of the Deer”) and Satwiwa (“The Bluffs”) were two major villages. Sap’wi is now by the Chumash Interpretive Center which is home to multiple 2,000 year-old pictographs.[15] Two other villages were located by today’s Ventu Park Road in Newbury Park. These were populated 2,000 years ago and had a population of 100-200 in each village.[16] Other villages included one by Wildwood Regional Park,[17] as well as Lalimanuc (Lalimanux) and Kayɨwɨš (Kayiwish) by Conejo Grade.[18][19][20] Each village was ruled by a chief or several chiefs, who often traveled between villages to discuss matters of common interest. A council of elders directed village life and organized events. Most villages had a cemetery, gaming field, a sweat house and a place for ceremonies.[21] Locally discovered tribal artifacts are at display at Satwiwa Native American Indian Culture Center and the Chumash Indian Museum.[22]

The area's recorded history dates to 1542 when Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo landed at Point Mugu and claimed the land for Spain. It eventually became part of the 48,671 acres (196.96 km2) Rancho El Conejo land grant by the Spanish government, thus becoming the basis of the name Conejo Valley (conejo means "rabbit" in Spanish, and there are many in the area). It served as grazing land for vaqueros for the next fifty years.

19th century[edit]

In the late 19th century it was on the stagecoach route between Los Angeles and Santa Barbara. The Stagecoach Inn was built in 1876, and is now a California Historical Landmark and museum.

Norwegian Colony[edit]

Plaque by Norwegian Grade.

Thousand Oaks was home to a Norwegian community in the late 1890s and early 1900s, known as Norwegian Colony. Norwegian settlers were among the first to settle in Conejo Valley. The Norwegian Colony was located at today’s intersection of Moorpark- and Olsen Roads, now home to California Lutheran University (CLU) and surrounding areas. The Norwegian Colony constituted of over 650 acres and stretched from Mount Clef Ridge to Avenida de Los Arboles.[23][24] The son of Norwegian immigrants donated his ranch to California Lutheran College in the 1950s.[25] California Lutheran University is now home to the Scandinavian American Cultural and Historical Foundation and the Scandinavian Festival.

Many place names are named after Norwegian immigrants such as the Olsen- and Pedersen families.[26] The first Norwegians came from a fjord by Berge, Norway. Ole Anderson bought 199 acres here, while Lars Pederson owned 111 acres. Other Norwegian pioneers also included Ole Nilsen, George Hansen and Nils Olsen. A major contribution was the construction of the hand-made Norwegian Grade in 1911, a 1-mile road leading from Thousand Oaks to Santa Rosa Valley.[27]

With no doctors or hospitals nearby, the Norwegian Colony was short-lived. The Olsen family lost seven of their ten children, while Ole Anderson, Lars Pederson and George Hansen all died in 1901 due to a diphtheria epidemic.[28]

20th century[edit]

Jungleland USA was one of the first theme parks in California.

The Janss family, developers of Southern California subdivisions, purchased 10,000 acres (40 km2) in the early 20th century. They eventually created plans for a "total community" and the name remains prominently featured in the city.

Jungleland USA was one of Southern California's first theme parks. Wild animal shows entertained thousands in the 1940s and 1950s. Many television and movie productions used the park's trained animals and were filmed there, including Birth of a Nation, Tarzan, and The Adventures of Robin Hood. Jungleland closed in May 1968, in part due to competition from other amusement parks such as Knott's Berry Farm and Disneyland. The Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Center today stands on the site of the park.

The City of Thousand Oaks was incorporated on October 7, 1964,[29] the first incorporated city in the Conejo Valley.[30] Some sources mistakenly state that Thousand Oaks was incorporated on September 29, 1964, which was the date that voters approved the incorporation and selected the name. However, the incorporation only became official once the certificates of election were filed with the California Secretary of State, and then the record of affidavit was filed with the Ventura County Clerk.[31] It is known for being a planned community, as the city is one of few that have actually stayed with the master plan. Increased development in Moorpark and Simi Valley in the late 1990s and early 2000s caused the Moorpark Freeway (Highway 23) to become heavily congested during both morning and afternoon rush hours. A major widening project began in 2008 to alleviate most of this congestion. Because of its desirable environment and location, property values appreciated more than 250% in less than ten years, primarily during the mid-1990s to early 2000s.

Western Thousand Oaks as seen from atop Tarantula Hill.

Newbury Park is located in the westernmost part of the city. This unincorporated area was annexed by the city of Thousand Oaks through votes by Newbury Park communities. The only communities that chose to remain county areas are Casa Conejo, which was built from 1960 to about 1965, and Lynn Ranch, an old neighborhood in the western portion of the city. Thousand Oaks also annexed the parts of neighboring Westlake Village (then simply known as "Westlake") that were located in Ventura County, in two portions in 1968 and 1972.[32]

Thousand Oaks is encouraging mixed-use retail and housing development along the downtown portion of Thousand Oaks Boulevard.[33][34] The city is "built-out" within the confines of the Conejo Valley and has adopted a smart growth strategy as there is no room for the sprawling suburban growth the city is known for.[35]


Waterfall in Wildwood Regional Park.
Wetlands in Hill Canyon.

Thousand Oaks is a city situated in the Conejo Valley in southeastern Ventura County. It is halfway between Los Angeles and Santa Barbara, and is 12 miles from the Pacific Ocean.[36][37] Conejo Valley is a 900 feet high valley which occupies 1,884 sq. mi. 55 square miles is located within Thousand Oaks city limits.[38][39]

Designated open-space nature areas occupy 34 percent of the city as of 2017 (15,194 acres).[40] 928 acres of the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area (SMMNRA) is within the southern borders of the city.[41] Thousand Oaks is within the Greater Los Angeles Area and is 38 miles west of Los Angeles. Malibu is located on the other side of the Santa Monica Mountains.[42] The physiography is dominated by prominent knolls, surrounding mountains, open vistas and native oak woodland. Conejo Valley is bordered by the Santa Monica's to the south, Conejo Mountains to the west and north, and the Simi Hills to the northeast.[43]

Thousand Oaks has grown due to the incorporation of neighboring cities. Two-thirds of Westlake Village and most of Newbury Park were annexed by the city in the 1960s and 1970s.[44][45][46]

Thousand Oaks is located at 34°11′22″N 118°52′30″W / 34.18944°N 118.87500°W / 34.18944; -118.87500 (34.189489, -118.875053).[47] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.2 square miles (143 km2). 55.0 square miles (142 km2) of it is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) of it (0.27%) is water.

Although Thousand Oaks has a downtown area (focused around the Janss Marketplace mall, The Oaks mall, and W. Thousand Oaks Blvd.), a large portion of the city's inhabitants live in suburban communities a distance from the commercial centers of the city. The large housing districts near Lynn Road to the north and west are an example of this sprawl, despite attempts by Ventura County planners to reduce it.[48]


The region experiences a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Koeppen climate classification) or dry-summer subtropical zone climate, with hot, sunny, dry summers and mild winters with moderate rainfall. Vegetation is typical of Mediterranean environments, with chaparral and grasses on the hillsides and numerous western valley oaks. Its elevation ranges from about 500 to 900 feet (excluding the mountains and hills). The area has slightly cooler temperatures than the surrounding areas, as it receives cooler air from the ocean through various hill and mountain passes. On March 10 and 11, 2006, snow fell on the peak of Boney Mountain, the first snow to fall in the area in about 20 years. Snow also fell on Boney Peak on December 17 and 18, 2008.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 1,243
1960 2,934 136.0%
1970 35,873 1,122.7%
1980 77,072 114.8%
1990 104,352 35.4%
2000 117,005 12.1%
2010 126,683 8.3%
Est. 2016 128,888 [9] 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[49]
Ancestry in Thousand Oaks
Origin percent
German American
Mexican American
English American
Irish American
Italian American
Russian American
Chinese American
French American
Polish American
Scottish American
Indian American
Norwegian American
Swedish American
Dutch American
African American
A view of the Topatopa Mountains and Amgen.

The 2010 United States Census[50] reported that Thousand Oaks had a population of 126,683. The population density was 2,295.8 people per square mile (886.4/km²). The racial makeup of Thousand Oaks was 101,702 (80.3%) White, 1,674 (1.3%) African American, 497 (0.4%) Native American, 11,043 (8.7%) Asian, 146 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 6,869 (5.4%) from other races, and 4,752 (3.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,341 persons (16.8%). As of ancestry, most of those are Mexican-American (12.9 %).[51] The largest ancestry group is German-Americans (15.8 %), followed by Mexican (12.9 %), English (9.3 %), Irish (10.7 %), Italian (7.2 %), Russian (3.4 %), Chinese (3.3 %), French (3.2 %), Polish (3.2 %), Scottish (2.7 %), Indian (2.7 %), Norwegian (2.2 %) and Swedish (2 %).[52][53]

The census reported that 124,941 people (98.6% of the population) lived in households, 1,390 (1.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 352 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 45,836 households, out of which 16,439 (35.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 27,206 (59.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,260 (9.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,925 (4.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,761 (3.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 284 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 9,728 households (21.2%) were made up of individuals and 4,459 (9.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73. There were 33,391 families (72.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.15.

The population was spread out with 30,076 people (23.7%) under the age of 18, 10,226 people (8.1%) aged 18 to 24, 29,853 people (23.6%) aged 25 to 44, 37,964 people (30.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 18,564 people (14.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

There were 47,497 housing units at an average density of 860.8 per square mile (332.3/km²), of which 33,501 (73.1%) were owner-occupied, and 12,335 (26.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.6%. 92,510 people (73.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32,431 people (25.6%) lived in rental housing units.

The median income for a household in the city was $121,088.


Thousand Oaks does not directly elect its mayor; instead, council members take turns rotating into the position.[54][55]

According to the city's most recent (2009) Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fund financial statements, the city's various funds had $118.1 million in revenues, $113.5 million in expenditures, $245.0 million in total assets, $63.4 million in total liabilities, and $214.2 million in investments:[56]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[56]

Department Director
City Manager Andrew Powers[34][57]
City Attorney Tracy Noonan
City Clerk Cynthia Rodriguez
Cultural Affairs Barry McComb
Community Development Mark Towne (acting)
Finance John Adams
Fire Ted Smith
Human Resources Gary Rogers
Library Services Heather Cousin
Police Tim Hagel
Public Works Jay Spurgin

Elected officials are very aware of the anti-growth sentiment that is common among the residents. All new development is described as slow-growth in order to be accepted by the community.[58] Ordinances protect oak trees and the city prioritizes planting more in street medians and other public land.[59] More than 15,000 acres (61 km2) have been preserved as open space, containing more than 75 miles (121 km) of trails. Open space has been acquired through land dedications by developers, purchase, and conservation easements. Donations of open space have been made by Bob Hope and Joel McCrea. The largest donor has been the Prudential Company which developed the community of Westlake and eventually gave more than 3,000 acres (1,200 ha).[60]

Political strength[edit]

Thousand Oaks and neighboring Simi Valley are strongholds for the Republican Party in Ventura County.[61][62][63][64] As of 2007, Thousand Oaks had three registered Republican voters for every Democrat.[65] Over 60 percent of voters were registered Republicans in 2008.[66] However, by 2014, the party registrations for Thousand Oaks residents were 40.6% Republican, 31.6% Democrat, 22.1% no preference, with the remainder split among other parties.[67]

Presidents Gerald Ford and Ronald Reagan have held speeches at California Lutheran University (CLU),[68][69] while President George W. Bush visited Newbury Park in 2003.[70][71]


Amgen is the world's largest biotechnology firm and the largest employer in the Conejo Valley.[72]

The city's economy is based on a small range of businesses, with biotechnology, electronics, automotive, aerospace, telecommunications, healthcare, and financing occupying most of Thousand Oaks' employment sector. Amgen, Teledyne Technologies, SAGE Publications, and Skyworks Solutions have corporate headquarters in the city, while Bank of America, Baxter International, General Dynamics Corporation, Verizon, Verizon Wireless, Volkswagen, Audi, General Motors, BMW, Silver Star Automotive Group, and Anthem Blue Cross manage regional offices. Thousand Oaks also has large employers Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center, Conejo Valley Unified School District, City of Thousand Oaks, Hyatt Hotels, and California Lutheran University headquartered in the city. The city was also the former home to the corporate offices of Wellpoint and GTE, which later became Verizon, which relocated in the last decade. J.D. Power and Associates is headquartered in Thousand Oaks.[73][74] J.D. Power began moving its employees from its former headquarters in Agoura Hills, California, to its current headquarters in the Westlake section of Thousand Oaks in the weekend after April 11, 2002.[75] The communities of Thousand Oaks, Westlake Village, and Agoura Hills are served by the Greater Conejo Valley Chamber of Commerce, one of the few in California to receive four-star accreditation from the United States Chamber of Commerce.[76] The small business community in Thousand Oaks is especially strong; Fundera ranked the city the 5th best city in California for small business in a 2016 study.[77]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[78] the top employers in the city are:

No. Employer No. of employees
1 Amgen 5,000
2 The Oaks (shopping mall) 2,110
3 Conejo Valley Unified School District 1,980
4 Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center 1,720
5 Baxalta 1,340
6 Anthem Inc. 900
7 Skyworks Solutions Inc. 638
8 California Lutheran University 636
9 SAGE Publications 574
10 Silver Star Automotive Group 560


Lisa Loeb performing at "Spokes In The Oaks".

Conejo Valley Art Museum has showcased collections from artists such as Elizabeth Williams, David Rose and Howard Brodie.[79] Chumash Indian Museum on Lang Ranch Pkwy has displays of Chumash artifacts and a re-constructed Chumash village.[80] Another museum, the 1876 Stagecoach Inn, is located in Newbury Park and is a California Historical Landmark.[81] Also in Newbury Park is Satwiwa Native American Indian Culture Center, a museum at the foothills of Mount Boney, which is a sacred site for the Chumash people.[82] American Radio Archive is a museum at Grant R. Brimhall Library dedicated to the history of radio.

Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza is home to two theaters: the 1,800-seat Fred Kavli Theatre and Ray Scherr Forum Theatre.[83] Willie Nelson,[84] Paul Anka,[85] Vince Gill,[86] Kris Kristofferson[87] and Peter, Paul and Mary[88] have performed at Fred Kavli Theatre.

Conejo Players Theatre has over 200 active members and was established in 1958.[89] Hillcrest Center for the Arts is home to Gothic Productions, Young Artists Ensemble, Thousand Oaks Actors Guild and other groups. Hillcrest Center is also home to Classics in the Park, which arranges annual summer concerts in Conejo Community Park.[90][91] Galleries include Fred Kavli Theatre Gallery and Thousand Oaks Community Art Gallery.[92]

Conejo Valley Days is an annual spring festival with parades, rodeos and a carnival.[93]

Public safety[edit]

Fire department[edit]

The Ventura County Fire Department (VCFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services for Thousand Oaks and the surrounding areas. American Medical Response is the contracted paramedic ambulance provider for the area.

Law enforcement[edit]

Thousand Oaks Police Department and Ventura County Sheriff's Office provide law enforcement services for the city.


In October 2013, Thousand Oaks was ranked the fourth safest city with a population over 100,000 in America, according to an annual report by the FBI.[94]

The company Niche ranked Thousand Oaks as America's second-safest city in 2016.[95]


California Lutheran University has been rated the 13th best university in Western United States.[96]

Thousand Oaks is served by the Conejo Valley Unified School District. It includes numerous elementary schools, Colina Middle School, Redwood Middle School, Los Cerritos Middle School. The high schools of the area include Thousand Oaks High School, Newbury Park High School, and Westlake High School. Also part of the school district are Sycamore Canyon Middle School and Sequoia Middle School, located in Newbury Park. Oaks Christian High School, while located immediately outside Ventura County, matriculates numerous students from the county. La Reina High School is a private Roman Catholic, all-girls junior/senior high school. California Lutheran University is located in Thousand Oaks.

The Thousand Oaks Library system is consistently ranked as one of the best public libraries in California.[97] The library consists of the Grant R. Brimhall Library in Thousand Oaks and the Newbury Park Branch Library in Newbury Park.[98] A 22,000-square-foot (2,000 m2) children's library was added to the existing 62,000-square-foot (5,800 m2) main building in June 2006. The children's library expansion resulted in an improved children's services area, a 3800-gallon, salt-water aquarium; quiet study rooms; a technology training room; a children's programming room; and additional seating and shelving capacity for both the children's services area and adult services area. Both the main library and Newbury Park Branch offer free wireless Internet access.[99]


NFL-player Jamon Brown lives in Newbury Park,[100][101] and Los Angeles Rams trains at California Lutheran University (CLU).[102][103]

AYSO soccer, Club Soccer such as Apex Soccer Club, Newbury Park Soccer Club and Conejo Valley United, Conejo Youth Basketball Association, also known as CYBA, Conejo Valley Thunder Wrestling, Pop Warner football, Little League baseball, CYFFA flag football, girls' softball, organized swim team leagues, ice hockey, and even organized lacrosse, rugby and field hockey have active programs. Conejo Simi Swim Club is the oldest (est. 1974) and most successful youth swim program in the area.

In August 1994, a team from Thousand Oaks Little League became the first Little League team in Ventura County to win a World Championship, winning the Junior League World Series championship game 20-3.[104] In 1996, a Senior Division (ages 14–16) Thousand Oaks Little League team won a National Championship. Two years later in 1998, a Big League Division (ages 17–18) Conejo Valley Little League team won a World Championship, defeating a Venezuelan Team 10-9 in the Big League World Series and going 26-1 in tournament play. In 2006, Thousand Oaks[105] won the World Championship in the Big League Division (ages 16–18) of Little League by defeating a team from Puerto Rico 10-0.[106] The Thousand Oaks Big League team were also World Series runners-up in 2003 and 2005. In 2007, they were United States runner-up. In 2009, they won the United States Championship and appeared on prime time on ESPN. In the summer of 2004, the Little League National Championship team hailed from Thousand Oaks. The Conejo Valley East[107] team of 11 and 12-year-olds went 22-0 in local, regional, and World Series tournaments play claiming the national title at the 2004 Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania before losing in the international title game to the team from Curaçao, Caribbean.

Ventura County Fusion, a minor league soccer team playing in the USL Premier Development League, while based in nearby Ventura, has held home games at Newbury Park High School in Newbury Park. The Conejo Oaks semi-pro collegiate baseball team play in Thousand Oaks at Sparky Anderson Field.[108]

The Ventura County Outlaws,[109] a rugby union team competing in the Southern California Rugby Football Union, is based in Thousand Oaks.

In professional sports, the city is home to the Sherwood Country Club, a world-class[citation needed] golf course designed by Jack Nicklaus. The annual Chevron World Challenge golf tournament hosted by Tiger Woods takes place at the course. For 27 years, California Lutheran University (CLU) hosted the training camp for the Dallas Cowboys. The final camp was held in 1989.[110] The CLU football practice field used by the Cowboys as well as the CLU Kingsmen football team was replaced by a large sports complex in 2006. The Cowboys Clubhouse in Thousand Oaks still stands across from the complex, and is currently a family residence. The Los Angeles Rams' temporary headquarters and practice facilities will also be located on the same campus beginning in 2016 until the team constructs their permanent training complex in Los Angeles (in a separate July 2016 agreement, the Rams signed a three-year deal with UC Irvine to use that university's Crawford Field for the team's training camp.)[111][112][113]


Thousand Oaks Acorn is the main newspaper covering Thousand Oaks, Newbury Park and Westlake Village. Ventura County Star is a larger regional newspaper covering Ventura County. Los Angeles Times circulations increased after the newspaper began covering Conejo Valley in 1987.[114] KCLU-FM is a NPR radio station based at California Lutheran University (CLU).
 Thousand Oaks TV (TOTV) is a 24-hour cable TV station which was established by the city in 1987.[115][116]

The first newspaper, Oaks Post, was published during the 1940s. Conejo Valley News was established in 1954, while Village Chronicle was established in 1959. Thousand Oaks Journal was another early local newspaper in the 1960s.[117]


A neighborhood in Thousand Oaks.


Thousand Oaks lies in the heart of the Conejo Valley, with the city of Los Angeles to the east and the city of Ventura to the west. The city is served by U.S. Route 101 (Ventura Freeway), as well as State Route 23. Highway 101 runs through the city and connects it with Los Angeles and Ventura. CA Route 23 connects to the 101 near downtown Thousand Oaks, runs north toward Moorpark and Simi Valley, and essentially divides the city in two. Thousand Oaks is also served by Thousand Oaks Transit (TOT), which provides public transportation in the form of shuttles and buses. TOT buses provide service to Thousand Oaks as well as some neighboring communities.

Public transportation[edit]

A regional transportation center provides bus and shuttle lines to Los Angeles, Oxnard, Ventura, Moorpark, Simi Valley, and Santa Barbara via the VISTA, Metro, and LADOT Commuter Express bus lines. In addition to being a transfer station from Los Angeles and other nearby cities, it also serves as the primary station for Thousand Oaks Transit buses.[118] Metrolink Ventura County and Pacific Surfliner services are available at the train stations in Moorpark and Camarillo. The Amtrak Coast Starlight stops at the Oxnard Transit Center and the Simi Valley Amtrak/Metrolink Station.


Airport scenes in It's A Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963) were filmed at the former Rancho Conejo Airport.

Commercial air travel is provided primarily by Los Angeles International Airport for regular commuters, while the Bob Hope Airport (in Burbank) offers an alternative for domestic destinations. Thousand Oaks offers public transportation that runs to both airports, via the VISTA, Metro, and LADOT bus lines. Los Angeles International Airport is approximately 40 miles (64 km) southeast of the city, while Burbank Airport is approximately 35 miles (56 km) east of the city. General aviation airports include Camarillo Airport, approximately 15 miles (24 km) west of the city; Oxnard Airport, approximately 25 miles (40 km) west of the city in Oxnard, California; and Van Nuys Airport, 25 miles (40 km) east of the city. The now-closed Conejo Valley Airport operated in Thousand Oaks from 1926 until 1962 with a 2,600-foot (792-metre) airstrip. When the route of the new 101 Freeway intersected a part of the original airfield it was closed. It served general aviation, and featured an aerial sightseeing service. On May 5, 1960, Rancho Conejo Airport was opened as a replacement, northwest of Conejo Valley Airport. The new facility was considered an 'executive airport', with a paved and lighted 4,500-foot (1,372-metre) runway. A flying school, restaurant and air charter service operated there for several years. This airport appeared in It's A Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World in 1963; some Three Stooges episodes were filmed there. Rancho Conejo Airport closed in 1966.

In popular culture[edit]

Due to the temperate climate and relatively close proximity to the studios in Hollywood, a number of movies and television series have been filmed in Thousand Oaks. Thousand Oaks Boulevard can for instance be seen in the Oscar-winning film It Happened One Night (1934), while Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stop at a service station on Live Oak Street in Hollywood or Bust (1956). Hills nearby California Lutheran University (CLU) were used in the filming of Welcome to Hard Times (1967).[119] Spartacus (1960) was also filmed by CLU.[120]

A number of movie productions took place in Wildwood Regional Park between the 1930s and 1960s. Examples include Wuthering Heights (1939), Dodge City (1939), The Rifleman (1958-63),[121] Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier (1955),[122] The Grapes of Wrath (1940), Duel in the Sun (1946), Bonanza (1963-73), The Big Valley (1965-69), Gunsmoke (1955-75), Wagon Train (1957-65), Clearing the Range (1931), Flaming Frontier (1958), The Horse Soldiers (1959), Flaming Star (1960) starring Elvis Presley, among others.[123]

More recently, Greenfield Ranch appeared as a zoo in We Bought a Zoo (2011).[124] The ranch has previously been featured in films such as Down Argentine Way (1940), Heart and Souls (1993) and Bitter Harvest (1993). It has also been seen in TV-series such as True Blood (2008-2014), Monk (2002-2009), Bones (2005-2017) and Criminal Minds (2005-).[125] A Hidden Valley home was also used in the filming of It’s Complicated (2009) starring Meryl Streep.[126]

Other films include Memoirs of a Geisha (2005)[127]Come On, Tarzan (1932), The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938),[128] To the Shores of Iwo Jima (1945), Lassie Come Home (1943), The Guns of Will Sonnett (1967-69) and The Dukes of Hazzard (1979-85).[129]

Economic development[edit]

Currently,[when?] Thousand Oaks is undergoing numerous renovations and development. U.S. Route 101 is being upgraded, The Oaks Shopping Center is being expanded by the Macerich Company, and the city has plans to renovate the old downtown, near the Civic Arts Plaza on Thousand Oaks Blvd.[citation needed][33][34]

New homes are also being built in very few areas of the city. Primary areas of new residential construction are currently in-fill sites within the developed area of the community and not outward expansion.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

Dawn's Peak aka Tarantula Hill.


Thousand Oaks is home to over 100 species of plants, while 400 species can be found within 100 sq. mi. of the city. There are four endangered plant species: Conejo buckwheat, Santa Monica dudleya, Conejo dudleya and Lyon's pentachaeta.[138]


Kingsnake in Wildwood Regional Park.

Thousand Oaks' fauna includes mammals such as mountain lions, bobcats, coyotes, grey fox and mule deer, as well as smaller mammals as the striped- and spotted skunk, California raccoon, Virginia opossum, Audubon's cottontail, long-tailed weasel, Botta's pocket gopher, ring-tailed cat, California vole, western brush rabbit, western gray squirrel, and several species of rats and mice, where the most common are deer mouse and Merriam's kangaroo rat. The dangerous lion often creates a hazard in suburban areas,[139][140] but generally speaking is only found in the adjacent Simi Hills, Santa Monica Mountains, and the Santa Susana Mountains.[141][142] Some of the amphibians and reptiles found in Thousand Oaks include lizards such as side-blotched lizards, southern alligator lizards and western fence lizards, as well as the southwestern pond turtle and crawdads, and numerous species of snake, including southern Pacific rattlesnakes, San Diego gopher snakes, striped racers, California kingsnakes, common kingsnakes, ringneck snakes, and western aquatic garter snakes. Some amphibians found in Thousand Oaks include ensatina, slender salamander, western toad, American bullfrog, California toad, Pacific tree frog, and the California red-legged frog.

Mule deer are among the most common mammals in Thousand Oaks.

There have been observed a total of 171 bird species within the city limits.[142] The most commonly encountered avifauna include the house sparrow, house finch, Brewer's blackbird, California towhee, eastern towhee, oak titmouse, acorn woodpecker, and California quail. Raptor population densities in the Conejo Valley, which therefore has some of the highest quantities of raptors in the U.S.[142] Some of the raptors found in the City of Thousand Oaks include the golden eagle, red-tailed hawk, Cooper's hawk, marsh hawk, sharp-shinned hawk, red-shouldered hawk, ferruginous hawk, pigeon hawk, prairie falcon, turkey vulture, barn owl, great horned owl, screech owl, American kestrel, and the white-tailed kite.[142]

Wildwood Regional Park is a natural habitat for an abundance of native animals,[143] such as coyotes, hawks, crawdads, ducks, turtles, mule deer, numerous songbirds, mountain lions, several species of snakes, and numerous species of raptors.[144]


  1. ^ a b "City Government". Thousand Oaks. Retrieved March 20, 2015. 
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  4. ^ "California's 26th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  5. ^ "City Council". Thousand Oaks. Retrieved December 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 28, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Thousand Oaks". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Thousand Oaks (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Thousand Oaks Home Prices & Values". Retrieved 2016-01-23. 
  12. ^ "Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report, January-June 2013". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Murrieta Named 2nd Safest City by FBI". Valley Business Journal. 5 November 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  14. ^ O’Brien, Tricia (2017). Thousand Oaks and Westlake Village. Arcadia Publishing. Page 7. ISBN 9781439661956.
  15. ^ Whitley, David S. (1996). A Guide to Rock Art Sites: Southern California and Southern Nevada. Mountain Press Publishing. Pages 175-176. ISBN 9780878423323.
  16. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley : Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 13. ISBN 9780897812993.
  17. ^ Maxwell, Thomas J. (2000). Hiking In Wildwood Regional Park: Natural History, Folklore, and Trail Guide. California Lutheran University (CLU). Page 77.
  18. ^ (Page 82).
  19. ^ (Page 6).
  20. ^;hitNum=1#page-3 (Pages 173–175).
  21. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley : Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 14. ISBN 9780897812993.
  22. ^ Waldman, Carl (2014). Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Infobase Publishing. Page 72. ISBN 9781438110103.
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^ O’Brien, Tricia (2017). Thousand Oaks and Westlake Village. Arcadia Publishing. Page 80. ISBN 9781439661956.
  27. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 30. ISBN 9780897812993.
  28. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 31. ISBN 9780897812993.
  29. ^ Jones, Ed (October 27, 2013). "Ed Jones: How parks grew in the Conejo Valley". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  30. ^ Kuperberg, Jonathan (September 8, 2011). "'Which Westlake?'". Thousand Oaks Acorn. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  31. ^ "Top vote-getters win 4-year terms", Oxnard Press-Courier, October 3, 1964
  32. ^ "City History". City of Westlake Village. Retrieved 2009-06-15. 
  33. ^ a b Leung, Wendy (June 14, 2016). "Thousand Oaks commission backs plan for more housing on main thoroughfare". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  34. ^ a b c Covarrubias, Amanda (July 12, 2016). "Thousand Oaks council adjusts boulevard plan, names interim city manager". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  35. ^ McGrath, Rachel (October 16, 2014) "Thousand Oaks council OKs Los Feliz apartments" Ventura County Star
  36. ^ Kath, Laura and Pamela Price (2011). Fun with the Family Southern California: Hundreds of Ideas for Day Trips with the Kids. Rowman & Littlefield. Page 45. ISBN 9780762774753.
  37. ^
  38. ^ Tuttle, Tom (1988). Ventura County Companion. EZ Nature Books. Page 13. ISBN 9780945092025.
  39. ^ Triem, Judith P. (1985). Ventura County: Land of Good Fortune: An Illustrated History. Windsor Publications. Page 114. ISBN 9780897811569.
  40. ^
  41. ^ Monica Mountains National Recreation Area
  42. ^ O’Brien, Tricia (2017). Thousand Oaks and Westlake Village. Arcadia Publishing. Page 7. ISBN 9781439661956.
  43. ^
  44. ^ Maulhardt, Jeffrey Wayne (2010). Conejo Valley. Arcadia Publishing. Page 55. ISBN 9780738580395.
  45. ^
  46. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 54. ISBN 9780897812993.
  47. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  48. ^ Rochester, Teresa (March 27, 2014) "Diversity will shape Thousand Oaks' future" Ventura County Star
  49. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  50. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Thousand Oaks city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^ "City Government". Thousand Oaks. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  55. ^ Harris, Mike (July 8, 2016). "Thousand Oaks City Manager Scott Mitnick fired". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 11 July 2016. 
  56. ^ a b City of Thousand Oaks 2009 CAFR. Retrieved 2010-11-29.
  57. ^
  58. ^ Covarrubias, Amanda (July 15, 2016). "Advocates for Thousand Oaks Boulevard plan see chance to revitalize commercial corridor". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  59. ^ Gold, Scott (July 18, 2014) "Thousand Oaks redevelopment sparks public outcry to save the trees" Los Angeles Times
  60. ^ Rochester, Teresa (June 4, 2014) "Thousand Oaks needs new revenue to complete ring of green" Ventura County Star
  61. ^ Weiss, Kenneth R. (October 27, 1991). "'Reagan Country' Gets Put on Map : Library: Simi Valley, where presidential center will open Nov. 4, is a predominantly Anglo bedroom community of white-collar workers who make up the core of his constituency.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  62. ^ Here Publishing (2004). The Advocate No. 917, Jun. 22, 2004. Page 43. ISSN 0001-8996.
  63. ^ Kelley, Daryl (February 19, 2000). "GOP Widens Lead in Registered Voters Within Ventura County". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  64. ^
  65. ^ Congressional Quarterly Inc. (2007). Congressional Districts: A Portrait of America. Page 93. ISBN 978-0-87187-722-2.
  66. ^ "Voters register for election – January 11, 2008 – – Moorpark Acorn". Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  67. ^ "District Registration by Party" (PDF). County of Ventura. October 24, 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2016. 
  68. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 68. ISBN 9780897812993.
  69. ^
  70. ^
  71. ^
  72. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Pages 128–129. ISBN 9780897812993.
  73. ^ "Contact Us." J. D. Power and Associates. Retrieved on August 22, 2009.
  74. ^ "Thousand Oaks city, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 22, 2009.
  75. ^ "Ventura County; IN BRIEF / THOUSAND OAKS; J.D. Power Moving to New Headquarters." Los Angeles Times. April 11, 2002. B3. Retrieved on August 22, 2009.
  76. ^ "Greater Conejo Valley Chamber of Commerce accreditation"
  77. ^ "The 8 Best Cities for Small Business in California (As Shown By Data)". 2016-09-29. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 
  78. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Reportttt". 
  79. ^
  80. ^ Smith-Llera, Danielle (2016). The Chumash: The Past and Present of California's Seashell People. Capstone. Page 22. ISBN 9781515702375.
  81. ^ Tuttle, Tom (1988). Ventura County Companion. EZ Nature Books. Pages 104-106. ISBN 9780945092025.
  82. ^
  83. ^
  84. ^
  85. ^
  86. ^
  87. ^
  88. ^
  89. ^ Tuttle, Tom (1988). Ventura County Companion. EZ Nature Books. Page 98. ISBN 9780945092025.
  90. ^ Tuttle, Tom (1988). Ventura County Companion. EZ Nature Books. Pages 98-100. ISBN 9780945092025.
  91. ^
  92. ^
  93. ^ Kath, Laura and Pamela Price (2011). Fun with the Family Southern California: Hundreds of Ideas for Day Trips with the Kids. Rowman & Littlefield. Page 45. ISBN 9780762774753.
  94. ^ "Thousand Oaks Ranks As 4th Safest City In U.S.". CBS. October 14, 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  95. ^
  96. ^
  97. ^ "CA". HAPLR index. Archived from the original on 2007-04-21. Retrieved 2007-04-29. 
  98. ^ "Thousand Oaks Library". Thousand Oaks Library website. Retrieved 2007-04-29. 
  99. ^ "Thousand Oaks Library Expansion Project". Thousand Oaks Library website. Archived from the original on 2007-04-02. Retrieved 2007-04-29. 
  100. ^
  101. ^
  102. ^
  103. ^
  104. ^ Jordan, Phyllis W. (August 22, 1994). "Thousand Oaks All-Stars Welcomed Like Winners : Youth: Junior League World Series champions dominated Ohio opponent, despite mustachioed outfielders.". Los Angeles Times. 
  105. ^ "Thousand Oaks Big League". 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  106. ^ "Little League Online". Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  107. ^ "Conejo Valley Little League Baseball Home". Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  108. ^ Conejo Oaks Baseball Club Official website Retrieved 1 April 2015
  109. ^ "Ventura County Rugby Club". Retrieved February 13, 2016. 
  110. ^ Ortega, John (December 7, 1989). "CLU Searching for New NFL Tenant". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  111. ^ "LA Rams Training Moving to Cal Lutheran". LA Rams. March 30, 2016. 
  112. ^ Staff (March 30, 2016). "Rams to practice at Cal Lutheran University in Thousand Oaks". Pacific Coast Business Times. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 
  113. ^ Curley, Joe (July 8, 2016). "Rams players and families are calling Conejo Valley home". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 11 July 2016. 
  114. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 71. ISBN 9780897812993.
  115. ^
  116. ^
  117. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Pages 71-72. ISBN 9780897812993.
  118. ^ McGrath, Rachel (March 3, 2013) "Thousand Oaks Transportation Center parking expansion appears on track" Ventura County Star
  119. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 112. ISBN 9780897812993.
  120. ^
  121. ^ McKinney, John (2013). HIKE Ventura County. The Trailmaster, Inc. Page 85. ISBN 9780934161534.
  122. ^
  123. ^ Schad, Jerry (2009). Los Angeles County: A Comprehensive Hiking Guide. Wilderness Press. Pages 35-36. ISBN 9780899976396.
  124. ^
  125. ^
  126. ^
  127. ^
  128. ^
  129. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Pages 82-83. ISBN 9780897812993.
  130. ^
  131. ^
  132. ^ Carlisle, Belinda (2011). Lips Unsealed: A Memoir. Crown/Archetype. Page 1. ISBN 9780307463500.
  133. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Pages 82-83. ISBN 9780897812993.
  134. ^
  135. ^ Bidwell, Carol A. (1989). The Conejo Valley: Old and New Frontiers. Windsor Publications. Page 83. ISBN 9780897812993.
  136. ^ O’Brien, Tricia (2017). Thousand Oaks and Westlake Village. Arcadia Publishing. Page 8. ISBN 9781439661956.
  137. ^ "Popular trail now easier on the feet – – Thousand Oaks Acorn". Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  138. ^ Maxwell, Thomas J. (2000). Hiking In Wildwood Regional Park: Natural History, Folklore, and Trail Guide. California Lutheran University. Page 2.
  139. ^ "Mountain lion captured in Newbury Park". Retrieved February 13, 2016. 
  140. ^ "Second Mountain Lion Crosses 101 Freeway, Disperses from Santa Monica Mountains – Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area (U.S. National Park Service)". Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  141. ^
  142. ^ a b c d
  143. ^ Schad, Jerry (2009). Los Angeles County: A Comprehensive Hiking Guide. Wilderness Press. Page 35. ISBN 978-0-89997-639-6.
  144. ^ Stienstra, Tom and Ann Marie Brown (2012). Moon California Hiking: The Complete Guide to 1,000 of the Best Hikes in the Golden State. Avalon Travel. Page 711. ISBN 978-1-61238-163-3.

External links[edit]