Thousand Oaks, California

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For the neighborhood of Berkeley, California, see Thousand Oaks, Berkeley, California.
Thousand Oaks, California
General law city[1]
City of Thousand Oaks
City of Thousand Oaks sign and oak tree
City of Thousand Oaks sign and oak tree
Official seal of Thousand Oaks, California
Seal
Location in Ventura County and the state of California
Location in Ventura County and the state of California
Thousand Oaks, California is located in USA
Thousand Oaks, California
Thousand Oaks, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°11′22″N 118°52′30″W / 34.18944°N 118.87500°W / 34.18944; -118.87500Coordinates: 34°11′22″N 118°52′30″W / 34.18944°N 118.87500°W / 34.18944; -118.87500
Country  United States
State  California
County Ventura
Incorporated October 7, 1964[2]
Government
 • Type Council/Manager[1]
 • City Council[5] Mayor Al Adam
Mayor Pro Tem Joel Price
Claudia Bill-de la Peña
Andrew P. Fox
 • State Senator Fran Pavley (D)[3]
 • CA Assembly Jacqui Irwin (D)[3]
 • U. S. Rep. Julia Brownley (D)[4]
Area[6]
 • Total 55.181 sq mi (142.918 km2)
 • Land 55.031 sq mi (142.53 km2)
 • Water 0.150 sq mi (0.387 km2)  0.27%
Elevation[7] 886 ft (270 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)[8]
 • Total 126,683
 • Estimate (2013)[8] 128,731
 • Rank 2nd in Ventura County
43rd in California
 • Density 2,300/sq mi (890/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 91359, 91320, 91360, 91361, 91362
Area code(s) 805
FIPS code 06-78582
GNIS feature IDs 1661567, 2412065
Website www.toaks.org

Thousand Oaks is a city in southeastern Ventura County, California, United States. It is in the northwestern part of the Greater Los Angeles Area, approximately 35 miles (56 km) from Downtown Los Angeles and is also less than 15 mi (24 km) from the Los Angeles city neighborhood of Woodland Hills. It was named after the many oak trees that grow in the area, and the city seal is adorned with an oak.

The city forms the populated core of the Conejo Valley, which includes Thousand Oaks proper, Newbury Park, Westlake Village, Agoura Hills, and Oak Park. The Los Angeles County/Ventura County line crosses at the city's eastern border with Westlake Village. The population was estimated to be 128,731 in 2013, up from 126,683 at the 2010 census.[8]

Thousand Oaks and Newbury Park were part of a master planned city, created by the Janss Investment Company in the mid-1950s. It included about 1,000 custom home lots, 2,000 single-family residences, a regional shopping center, 200-acre (0.81 km2) industrial park and several neighborhood shopping centers. The median home price is around $560,000[9] Thousand Oaks was ranked the 4th safest among cities with a population greater than 100,000 in the United States by the FBI's 2013 Uniform Crime Reports.[10][11]

History[edit]

Majestic old oak tree in Thousand Oaks

The area was once occupied by the Chumash people, and 2000-year-old cave drawings may still be seen at the Chumash Indian Museum, 3290 Lang Ranch Parkway, in the Lang Ranch section of the city. The Chumash village was known as Sap'wi, which means "House of the Deer."

The area's recorded history dates to 1542 when Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo landed at Point Mugu and claimed the land for Spain. It eventually became part of the 48,671 acres (196.96 km2) Rancho El Conejo land grant by the Spanish government, thus becoming the basis of the name Conejo Valley (conejo means "rabbit" in Spanish, and there are many in the area). It served as grazing land for vaqueros for the next fifty years.

In the late 19th century it was on the stagecoach route between Los Angeles and Santa Barbara. The Stagecoach Inn was built in 1876, and is now a California Historical Landmark and a popular museum.

The Janss family, developers of Southern California subdivisions, purchased 10,000 acres (40 km2) in the early 20th century. They eventually created plans for a "total community" and the name remains prominently featured in the city.

Jungleland USA was one of Southern California's first theme parks. Wild animal shows entertained thousands in the 1940s and 1950s. Many TV and movie productions used the park's trained animals and were filmed there, including Birth of a Nation, Tarzan, and The Adventures of Robin Hood. Jungleland closed down in May 1968, in part due to competition from other amusement parks such as Knott's Berry Farm and Disneyland. The Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Center today stands on the site of the park.

The City of Thousand Oaks was incorporated on October 7, 1964, the first incorporated city in the Conejo Valley.[12] Some sources mistakenly state that Thousand Oaks was incorporated on September 29, 1964, which was the date that voters approved the incorporation and selected the name. However, the incorporation only became official once the certificates of election were filed with the California Secretary of State, and then the record of affidavit was filed with the Ventura County Clerk.[13] It is known for being a planned community, as the city is one of few that have actually stayed with the master plan. Increased development in Moorpark and Simi Valley in the late 1990s and early 2000s caused the Moorpark Freeway (Highway 23) to become heavily congested during both morning and afternoon rush hours. A major widening project began in 2008 to alleviate most of this congestion. Because of its desirable environment and location, property values have appreciated more than 250% in less than ten years, primarily during the mid-90s to early 2000s.

The Newbury Park area of Thousand Oaks

Newbury Park is located in the westernmost part of the city. This unincorporated area was annexed by the city of Thousand Oaks through votes by Newbury Park communities. The only communities that chose to remain county areas are Casa Conejo, which was built from 1960 to about 1965, and Lynn Ranch, an old neighborhood in the western portion of the city. Thousand Oaks also annexed the parts of neighboring Westlake Village (then simply known as "Westlake") that were located in Ventura County, in two portions in 1968 and 1972.[14]

Thousand Oaks is encouraging mixed-use retail and housing development along the downtown portion of Thousand Oaks Boulevard. The city is "built-out" within the confines of the Conejo Valley and has adopted a smart growth strategy as there is no room for the sprawling suburban growth the city is known for.[15]

Landmarks and Points of Interest[edit]

City#1: Stagecoach Inn - State Landmark #659, County #30 (designated May 1976). The Inn was placed on National Register of Historic Places and designated a State Historical Landmark in December of 1975 and is owned by the Conejo Recreation and Park District. The original structure was built 1876 but was destroyed by fire in the early 1970s. The Inn is a Monterey style structure of northern California redwood with a wrap-around porch and balcony. The original structure served as a school, post office, steak house, church, gift shop and movie set. Location: 51 South Ventu Park Road. The present location is not the original site of the structure. Its original location was nearer the Route 101 Freeway where a historical marker is placed.

City#2: Sycamore Tree - County #44 (designated June 1978). This unusually large and old specimen of California Sycamore was over 150 year old when designated as a landmark. The Chumash Indians are said to have bent the lower branches to mark the location of underground water. Location: Stagecoach Inn, 51 South Ventu Park Road.

City#3: Pederson House and Water Tower - County #45 (designated June 1978). The House is owned by California Lutheran University. This typical turn-of-the-century farmhouse and water tower were built in 1913-1914 for Lars and Karn Pederson, members of the Norwegian Colony that settled the northern end of the Conejo Valley in 1890. In 1967, the Pederson’s son Richard gave the land for California Lutheran University and the buildings were restored. Shown by appointment. Location: California Lutheran University, Faculty Street.

City#4: Hunt Olive Tree - County #64 (designated January 1982). This is the only surviving tree an orchard planted by R. O. Hunt on the Salto Ranch, which he established in 1876. The tree was moved to its present site in 1993 and is in excellent condition. Location: Southwest corner of Hillcrest Drive and Lynn Road on property owned by Circuit City Stores.

City#5: Oakbrook Regional Park Archaeological Area - County #90 (designated February 1983). The 428-acre park contains 11 archaeological sites within a few yards of each other along the streambed of a narrow oak-wooded canyon, with bedrock mortars and shelters containing Chumash pictographs. At the park is a small interpretive museum, a Chumash village reproduction, and hiking trails, all of which are open to the public. Location: 3290 Lang Ranch Parkway, off of Westlake Boulevard.

City#6: Dos Vientos Ranch Buildings - County #99 (designated May 1986): These buildings are owned by the Santa Monica Mountains Recreation & Conservation Authority and the Conejo Open Space Conservation Agency. These two large barns, built in 1930, were on the Dos Vientos Ranch, a portion of the 30,593-acres Rancho Guadalasca Mexican land grant made to Isabel Yorba in 1836. Joseph Lewis, a business partner of Adolfo Camarillo, farmed approximately 8,000 acres of Dos Vientos Ranch. He established the lima bean industry in Ventura County. Note: These historic barns were dismantled during the construction of the Dos Vientos residential development. The lumber was catalogued and is now in storage with the Conejo Recreation & Park District. Location: West Potrero Road.

City#7: Crowley House - County #109 (designated December 1986): This house is currently owned by the Conejo Recreation and Park District and is used as their District Sports Office. It was built in 1910 for newlyweds Frank and Mae Casey Crowley on the Newbury Ranch, the house earned the nickname “Mother of Thousand Oaks” because in the early 1920’s it served as a real estate office for the first housing development in the Conejo Valley. Carloads of prospective buyers were brought from downtown Los Angeles, shown lots among huge oak trees and given dinner in the Crowley House dining room before making the return trip. Later, Louis and Kathleen Goebel owned the house. The two-story white frame, five-bedroom house still has its hardwood floors, mahogany beams and volcanic rock fireplace. Location: 2522 Pleasant Way (next to Parque de la Paz). Shown by appointment only.

City #8: Janss House – County #112 (designated July 1987): This house is owned by the City of Thousand Oaks and houses the Arts Council. It was built for Peter Janss as a weekend retreat in 1931. In 1943 it became the principal home of Janss’ younger son, Edwin Janss. The Janss family in the US began with Peter Janss’ immigration in 1870 from Denmark. He became a physician, then moved from Chicago to Los Angeles in 1893. In Los Angeles, he became a land developer and was joined in his business by his sons Harold and Edwin. The Janss Corporation planned and developed in Monterey Park, the San Fernando Valley, the Conejo Valley and Westwood Village, donating the land on which UCLA is built. Location: 482 Greenmeadow Drive

City#9: Banning Dam also known as Lake Eleanor Dam – County #120 (designated May 1988): Currently owned by the Conejo Open Space Conservation Agency and built 1889 the dam is in a gorge with sheer cliffs and drops of 40 to 50 feet. It is considered either the first or second concete arched dam built n the State of California. Its 8-acre lake and 529 acres of surrounding open space create a habitat for wildlife. Location: Eleanor Creek, South Westlake Boulevard.

City#10: Hillcrest Center - Designated an historic landmark on April 8, 1997, by the Thousand Oaks Cultural Heritage Board (CHB Resolution No. 1) as the site of the first city hall built by the City of Thousand Oaks. The historical designation applies to the exterior wall (facades and architectural style) of the Civic Center buildings. Built in 1973, the building housed the administrative offices of the City and Conejo Recreation and Park District until 1988. Location: 401 West Hillcrest Drive

City#11: Joel McCrea Ranch (Placed on the National Register of Historic Places and on the California Register of Historical Resources on April 18, 1997) - Currently owned by the Conejo Recreation and Park District, this former cattle ranch is comprised of approximately 220 acres of gently sloping chaparral covered hillsides forming a long, narrow valley at the eastern end of the Santa Rosa Valley. The working portion of the ranch is located near Moorpark Road with a cluster of buildings including the barns, shop, milk house, corrals and bunkhouse. Adjacent to the ranch buildings, a private road runs east through the fields to the end of a small valley where the main residence and maids’ residence are located Location: On the east side of north Moorpark Road near its intersection with Santa Rosa Road in the northern most portion of the City of Thousand Oaks.

City #12: Former Timber School House and Timber School Auditorium (Designated by Thousand Oaks Cultural Heritage Board Resolution No. 3, July 13, 2004) - Constructed in 1924 and 1948, respectively, the Timber School House and Timber School Auditorium buildings are part of the current Conejo Valley High School campus. The 1924 Timber School building was designed in the Mission Revival architectural style by Roy C. Wilson, the first licensed architect in Ventura County and is the oldest original school and public building in the Conejo Valley. Children of early Conejo Valley ranchers, including the Borchard, Haigh, Hays, Kelley, Janss, and Olsen families, attended the school. Location: 1872 Newbury Road.

City #13: Goebel’s Lion Farm Site (aka Jungleland) - County #6: Currently owned by City of Thousand Oaks. The original buildings and animal compound were built in the 1920s and later demolished in the mid 1970s. (The Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza currently occupies a portion of this site.) Louis Goebel established his farm in 1927 as a site where he could import, breed, and maintain exotic animals for rental to movie studios. His animals included the famous MGM lion. The popular tourist attraction Jungleland developed from the animal farm. Roy C. Wilson, architect, designed some of the building structures at Jungleland. Location: Southwest corner of Thousand Oaks Boulevard and Conejo School Road.

Source: City of Thousand Oaks website: https://www.toaks.org/living/historical.asp

Geography[edit]

Thousand Oaks is located at 34°11′22″N 118°52′30″W / 34.18944°N 118.87500°W / 34.18944; -118.87500 (34.189489, -118.875053).[16] It is situated in the Conejo Valley.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.2 square miles (143 km2). 55.0 square miles (142 km2) of it is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) of it (0.27%) is water.

Although Thousand Oaks has a downtown area (focused around the Janss Marketplace mall, The Oaks mall, and W. Thousand Oaks Blvd.), a large portion of the city's inhabitants live in suburban communities a distance from the commercial centers of the city. The large housing districts near Lynn Road to the north and west are an example of this sprawl, despite attempts by Ventura County planners to reduce it.[17]

Climate[edit]

The region has a mild, year-round Mediterranean Climate or Dry-Summer Subtropical zone climate, with warm, sunny, dry summers and cool, rainy winters. Vegetation is typical of Mediterranean environments, with chaparral and grasses on the hillsides and numerous western valley oaks. Its elevation ranges from about 500 to 900 feet (excluding the mountains and hills). The area has slightly cooler temperatures than the surrounding areas, as it receives cooler air from the ocean through various hill and mountain passes. On March 10 and 11, 2006, snow fell on the peak of Boney Mountain, the first snow to fall in the area in about 20 years. Snow also fell on Boney Peak on December 17 and 18, 2008.

Climate data for Thousand Oaks, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 92
(33)
92
(33)
96
(36)
105
(41)
102
(39)
106
(41)
105
(41)
105
(41)
109
(43)
108
(42)
99
(37)
99
(37)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 68
(20)
69
(21)
70
(21)
74
(23)
74
(23)
78
(26)
81
(26)
82
(28)
81
(27)
78
(26)
73
(23)
69
(21)
74.75
(23.83)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
42
(6)
43
(6)
46
(8)
49
(9)
53
(12)
56
(13)
57
(14)
55
(13)
50
(10)
44
(7)
41
(5)
48.08
(9)
Record low °F (°C) 25
(−4)
26
(−3)
25
(−4)
30
(−1)
35
(2)
37
(3)
42
(6)
40
(4)
40
(4)
32
(0)
28
(−2)
25
(−4)
25
(−4)
Average precipitation inches (cm) 4.18
(10.62)
4.65
(11.81)
3.57
(9.07)
0.80
(2.03)
0.30
(0.76)
0.05
(0.13)
0.01
(0.03)
0.08
(0.2)
0.32
(0.81)
0.52
(1.32)
1.45
(3.68)
2.48
(6.3)
18.41
(46.76)
Source: weather.com[18]

(Temperatures vary by zip code)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 1,243
1960 2,934 136.0%
1970 35,873 1,122.7%
1980 77,072 114.8%
1990 104,352 35.4%
2000 117,005 12.1%
2010 126,683 8.3%
Est. 2014 129,342 [19] 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]
A road in the Newbury Park area of Thousand Oaks
A view of the Topa Topa Mountains and Amgen
The Casa Conejo area of Thousand Oaks
Lake Sherwood

The 2010 United States Census[21] reported that Thousand Oaks had a population of 126,683. The population density was 2,295.8 people per square mile (886.4/km²). The racial makeup of Thousand Oaks was 101,702 (80.3%) White, 1,674 (1.3%) African American, 497 (0.4%) Native American, 11,043 (8.7%) Asian, 146 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 6,869 (5.4%) from other races, and 4,752 (3.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,341 persons (16.8%).

The Census reported that 124,941 people (98.6% of the population) lived in households, 1,390 (1.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 352 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 45,836 households, out of which 16,439 (35.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 27,206 (59.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,260 (9.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,925 (4.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,761 (3.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 284 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 9,728 households (21.2%) were made up of individuals and 4,459 (9.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73. There were 33,391 families (72.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.15.

The population was spread out with 30,076 people (23.7%) under the age of 18, 10,226 people (8.1%) aged 18 to 24, 29,853 people (23.6%) aged 25 to 44, 37,964 people (30.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 18,564 people (14.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

There were 47,497 housing units at an average density of 860.8 per square mile (332.3/km²), of which 33,501 (73.1%) were owner-occupied, and 12,335 (26.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.6%. 92,510 people (73.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32,431 people (25.6%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

The median income for a household in the city was $101,120, and the median income for a family was $119,207. Males had a median income of $82,815 versus $50,604 for females. The per capita income for the city was $54,304. About 2.2% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Thousand Oaks does not directly elect its mayor; instead, council members take turns rotating into the position.[22]

According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fund Financial Statements, the city's various funds had $118.1 million in Revenues, $113.5 million in expenditures, $245.0 million in total assets, $63.4 million in total liabilities, and $214.2 million in investments:[23]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[23]

Department Director
City Manager Scott Mitnick
Assistant City Manager Andrew Powers
City Attorney Tracy Noonan
City Clerk Linda Lawrence
Cultural Affairs Barry McComb
Community Development John Prescott
Finance John Adams
Fire Rod Megli
Human Resources Connie Hickman
Library Services Stephen Brogden
Police Jeff Matson
Public Works Jay Spurgin

Today the city boasts a historically "slow growth"-minded city council.[citation needed] Along with the ordinances protecting the numerous oak trees,[24] the city's leaders and residents alike boast of the ring of protected land, free from development, that surrounds the city's borders and which may account for the accelerating land values in recent years. More than 15,000 acres (61 km2) have been preserved as "open space", containing more than 75 miles (121 km) of trails.[25]

Economy[edit]

The city's economy is based on a small range of businesses, with biotechnology, electronics, automotive, aerospace, telecommunications, healthcare, and financing occupying most of Thousand Oaks' employment sector. Amgen, Teledyne Technologies, SAGE Publications, and Skyworks Solutions have corporate headquarters in the city, while Bank of America, Baxter International, General Dynamics Corporation, Verizon, Verizon Wireless, Volkswagen, Audi, General Motors, BMW, Silver Star Automotive Group, and Anthem Blue Cross manage regional offices. Thousand Oaks also has large employers Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center, Conejo Valley Unified School District, City of Thousand Oaks, Hyatt Hotels, and California Lutheran University headquartered in the city. The city was also the former home to the corporate offices of Wellpoint and GTE, which later became Verizon, which relocated in the last decade. J.D. Power and Associates is headquartered in Thousand Oaks.[26][27] J.D. Power began moving its employees from its former headquarters in Agoura Hills, California, to its current headquarters in the Westlake section of Thousand Oaks in the weekend after April 11, 2002.[28] The communities of Thousand Oaks, Westlake Village, and Agoura Hills are served by the Greater Conejo Valley Chamber of Commerce, one of the few in California to receive four-star accreditation from the United States Chamber of Commerce.[29]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[30] the top employers in the city are:

No. Employer No. of employees
1 Amgen 5,765
2 The Oaks (shopping mall) 2,097
3 Conejo Valley Unified School District 1,972
4 Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center 1,619
5 Baxter BioScience 1,284
6 California Lutheran University 929
7 Anthem Blue Cross 900
8 Skyworks Solutions Inc. 605
9 Silver Star Automotive Group 550
10 City of Thousand Oaks 547

Public Safety[edit]

Fire Department[edit]

The Ventura County Fire Department (VCFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services for Thousand Oaks and the surrounding areas. American Medical Response is the contracted paramedic ambulance provider for the area.

Law Enforcement[edit]

The Ventura County Sheriff's Office provides law enforcement services for the City.

Crime[edit]

In October 2013, Thousand Oaks was ranked the fourth safest city with a population over 100,000 in America, according to an annual report by the FBI. (Reported by CBSLA on 10/14/2013).

Education[edit]

Thousand Oaks is served by the Conejo Valley Unified School District. It includes numerous elementary schools, Colina Middle School, Redwood Middle School, Los Cerritos Middle School. The high schools of the area include Thousand Oaks High School, Newbury Park High School, and Westlake High School. Also part of the school district are Sycamore Canyon Middle School and Sequoia Middle School, located in Newbury Park. Oaks Christian High School, while located immediately outside Ventura County, matriculates numerous students from the county. La Reina High School is a private Roman Catholic, all-girls junior/senior high school. California Lutheran University is located in Thousand Oaks.

The Thousand Oaks Library system is consistently ranked as one of the best public libraries in California.[31] The library consists of the Grant R. Brimhall Library in Thousand Oaks and the Newbury Park Branch Library in Newbury Park.[32] A 22,000-square-foot (2,000 m2) children's library was added to the existing 62,000-square-foot (5,800 m2) main building in June 2006. The children's library expansion resulted in an improved children's services area, a 3800-gallon, salt-water aquarium; quiet study rooms; a technology training room; a children's programming room; and additional seating and shelving capacity for both the children's services area and adult services area. Both the main library and Newbury Park Branch offer free wireless Internet access.[33]

Sports[edit]

AYSO soccer, Club Soccer such as Apex Soccer Club, Newbury Park Soccer Club and Conejo Valley United, Conejo Youth Basketball Association, also known as CYBA, Conejo Valley Thunder Wrestling, Pop Warner football, Little League baseball, CYFFA flag football, girls' softball, organized swim team leagues, ice hockey, and even organized lacrosse, rugby and field hockey have active programs. Conejo Simi Swim Club is the oldest (est. 1974) and most successful youth swim program in the area.

In August 1994, a team from Thousand Oaks Little League became the first Little League team in Ventura County to win a World Championship, winning the Championship game 20-3.[34] In 1996, a Senior Division (ages 14–16) Thousand Oaks Little League team won a National Championship. Two years later in 1998, a Big League Division (ages 17–18) Conejo Valley Little League team won a World Championship, defeating a Venezuelan Team 10-9 and going 26-1 in tournament play. In 2006, Thousand Oaks[35] won the World Championship in the Big League Division(ages 16–18) of Little League by defeating a team from Puerto Rico 10-0.[36] The Thousand Oaks Big League team were also World Series runner-ups in 2003 and 2005. In 2007, they were United States runner-up. In 2009, they won the United States Championship and appeared on prime time on ESPN. In the summer of 2004, the Little League National Championship team hailed from Thousand Oaks. The Conejo Valley East[37] team of 11 and 12-year-olds went 22-0 in local, regional, and World Series tournaments play claiming the national title at the Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania before losing in the international title game to the team from Curaçao, Caribbean.

Ventura County Fusion, a minor league soccer team playing in the USL Premier Development League, while based in nearby Ventura, has held home games at Newbury Park High School in Newbury Park. The Conejo Oaks semi-pro collegiate baseball team play in Thousand Oaks at Sparky Anderson Field.[38]

The Ventura County Outlaws,[39] a rugby union team competing in the Southern California Rugby Football Union, is based in Thousand Oaks.

In professional sports, the city is home to the Sherwood Country Club, a world-class golf course designed by Jack Nicklaus. The annual Chevron World Challenge golf tournament hosted by Tiger Woods takes place at the course. In the 1970s, California Lutheran University (CLU) served as the training camp location for the Dallas Cowboys. The CLU football practice field used by the Cowboys as well as the CLU Kingsmen football team was replaced by a large sports complex in 2006. The Cowboys Clubhouse in Thousand Oaks still stands across from the complex, and is currently a family residence.

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Thousand Oaks lies in the heart of the Conejo Valley, with the city of Los Angeles to the east and the city of Ventura to the west. The city is served by U.S. Route 101 (Ventura Freeway), as well as State Route 23. Highway 101 runs through the city and connects it with Los Angeles and Ventura. CA Route 23 connects to the 101 near downtown Thousand Oaks, runs north toward Moorpark and Simi Valley, and essentially divides the city in two. Thousand Oaks is also served by Thousand Oaks Transit (TOT), which provides public transportation in the form of shuttles and buses. TOT buses provide service to Thousand Oaks as well as some neighboring communities.

Public transportation[edit]

A regional transportation center provides bus and shuttle lines to Los Angeles, Oxnard, Ventura, Moorpark, Simi Valley, and Santa Barbara via the VISTA, Metro, and LADOT Commuter Express bus lines. In addition to being a transfer station from Los Angeles and other nearby cities, it also serves as the primary station for Thousand Oaks Transit buses.[40] Metrolink Ventura County and Pacific Surfliner services are available at the train stations in Moorpark and Camarillo. The Amtrak Coast Starlight stops at the Oxnard Transit Center and the Simi Valley Amtrak/Metrolink Station.

Air[edit]

Commercial air travel is provided primarily by Los Angeles International Airport for regular commuters, while the Bob Hope Airport (in Burbank) offers an alternative for domestic destinations. Thousand Oaks offers public transportation that runs to both airports, via the VISTA, Metro, and LADOT bus lines. Los Angeles International Airport is approximately 40 miles (64 km) southeast of the city, while Burbank Airport is approximately 35 miles (56 km) east of the city. General aviation airports include Camarillo Airport, approximately 15 miles (24 km) west of the city; Oxnard Airport, approximately 25 miles (40 km) west of the city in Oxnard, California; and Van Nuys Airport, 25 miles (40 km) east of the city.

Economic development[edit]

Currently, Thousand Oaks is undergoing numerous renovations and development. State Route 23 is in the process of being expanded to a six-lane highway, U.S. Route 101 is being upgraded, The Oaks Shopping Center is being expanded by the Macerich Company, and the city has plans to renovate the old Downtown, near the Civic Arts Plaza on Thousand Oaks Blvd.

New homes are also being built in very few areas of the city. Primary areas of new residential construction are currently in-fill sites within the developed area of the community and not outward expansion.

Points of interest[edit]

Dawn's Peak aka Tarantula Hill

Wildlife[edit]

Kingsnake in Wildwood Regional Park.

Thousand Oaks’ fauna includes mammals such as mountain lions, bobcats, coyotes, grey fox and mule deer, as well as smaller mammals as the striped- and spotted skunk, California raccoon, Virginia opossum, Audubon's cottontail, Long-tailed weasel, Botta's pocket gopher, Ring-tailed cat, California vole, Western Brush Rabbit, Western gray squirrel, and several species of rats and mice, where the most common are Deer mouse and Merriam's kangaroo rat. The extremely dangerous lion oftentimes creates a hazard in suburban areas,[41][42] but generally speaking is only found in the adjacent Simi Hills, Santa Monica Mountains, and the Santa Susana Mountains.[43][44] Some of the amphibians and reptiles found in Thousand Oaks include lizards such as side-blotched lizards, southern alligator lizards and western fence lizards, as well as the southwestern pond turtle and crawdads, and numerous species of snake, including Southern Pacific rattlesnakes, San Diego gopher snakes, Striped racers, California kingsnakes, Common kingsnakes, Ringneck snakes, and Western aquatic garter snakes. Some amphibians found in Thousand Oaks include Ensatina, Slender salamander, Western toad, American bullfrog, California toad, Pacific tree frog, and the California red-legged frog.

Mule deer are among the most common mammals in Thousand Oaks.

There have been observed a total of 171 bird species within the city limits.[44] The most commonly encountered avifauna include the House sparrow, House finch, Brewer's blackbird, California towhee, Eastern towhee, Oak titmouse, Acorn woodpecker, and California quail. Raptor population densities in the Conejo Valley, which therefore has some of the highest quantities of raptors in the U.S.[44] Some of the raptors found in the City of Thousand Oaks include the Golden eagle, Red-tailed hawk, Cooper's hawk, Marsh hawk, Sharp-shinned hawk, Red-shouldered hawk, Ferruginous hawk, Pigeon hawk, Prairie falcon, Turkey vulture, Barn owl, Great horned owl, Screech owl, American kestrel, and the White-tailed kite.[44]

Wildwood Regional Park is a natural habitat for an abundance of native animals,[45] such as coyotes, hawks, crawdads, ducks, turtles, mule deer, numerous songbirds, mountain lions, several species of snakes, and numerous species of raptors.[46]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (WORD). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
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  4. ^ "California's 26th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
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  6. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau. 
  7. ^ "Thousand Oaks". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
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  10. ^ "Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report, January-June 2013". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Murrieta Named 2nd Safest City by FBI". Valley Business Journal. 5 November 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  12. ^ Kuperberg, Jonathan (September 8, 2011). "‘Which Westlake?’". Thousand Oaks Acorn. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  13. ^ "Top vote-getters win 4-year terms," Oxnard Press-Courier, October 3, 1964
  14. ^ "City History". City of Westlake Village. Retrieved 2009-06-15. 
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  24. ^ Gold, Scott (July 18, 2014) "Thousand Oaks redevelopment sparks public outcry to save the trees" Los Angeles Times
  25. ^ Rochester, Teresa (June 4, 2014) "Thousand Oaks needs new revenue to complete ring of green" Ventura County Star
  26. ^ "Contact Us." J. D. Power and Associates. Retrieved on August 22, 2009.
  27. ^ "Thousand Oaks city, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 22, 2009.
  28. ^ "Ventura County; IN BRIEF / THOUSAND OAKS; J.D. Power Moving to New Headquarters." Los Angeles Times. April 11, 2002. B3. Retrieved on August 22, 2009.
  29. ^ "Greater Conejo Valley Chamber of Commerce accreditation"
  30. ^ "http://www.toaks.org/civica/filebank/blobdload.asp?BlobID=29651". Retrieved 2015-02-24.
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  34. ^ Jordan, Phyllis W. (August 22, 1994). "Thousand Oaks All-Stars Welcomed Like Winners : Youth: Junior League World Series champions dominated Ohio opponent, despite mustachioed outfielders.". Los Angeles Times. 
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  38. ^ Conejo Oaks Baseball Club Official website Retrieved 1 April 2015
  39. ^ http://venturacountyrugbyclub.com/
  40. ^ McGrath, Rachel (March 3, 2013) "Thousand Oaks Transportation Center parking expansion appears on track" Ventura County Star
  41. ^ http://www.vcstar.com/news/local-news/conejo-valley/mountain-lion-spotted-in-newbury-park-causes-road-closure_49213792
  42. ^ http://www.nps.gov/samo/learn/news/second-mountain-lion-crosses-101-freeway.htm
  43. ^ http://www.toaks.org/government/depts/community/planning/open/mountain_lion.asp
  44. ^ a b c d http://www.toaks.org/government/depts/community/planning/general/conservation.asp
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  46. ^ Stienstra, Tom and Ann Marie Brown (2012). Moon California Hiking: The Complete Guide to 1,000 of the Best Hikes in the Golden State. Avalon Travel. Page 711. ISBN 9781612381633.

External links[edit]