F. Boie, 1826
see species list
Thraupis is a genus of birds of the tanager family occurring from Mexico to Argentina. Some are familiar species with large ranges. As currently defined the genus includes 9 species, but this includes species from two separate clades. Consequently, the genus is paraphyletic and two species (T. cyanocephala and T. bonariensis) are likely to eventually be moved to another genus.
These tanagers are mainly found in semi-open habitats including plantations and open woodland, but some will venture into towns. They feed from medium to high levels in trees, taking mainly fruit, with some nectar, and insects which may be taken in flight.
The pair builds a usually well concealed cup nest, but the female incubates alone. The blue-gray and palm tanagers will nest in buildings.
Thraupis tanagers have squeaky call notes and songs which consist of 5-10 repetitions of a single or double note.
Species in taxonomic order
- Blue-gray tanager, Thraupis episcopus
- Glaucous tanager, Thraupis glaucocolpa
- Sayaca tanager, Thraupis sayaca
- Azure-shouldered tanager, Thraupis cyanoptera
- Golden-chevroned tanager, Thraupis ornata
- Blue-capped tanager, Thraupis cyanocephala
- Blue-and-yellow tanager, Thraupis bonariensis
- Darwin's tanager, Thraupis (bonariensis) darwinii
- Yellow-winged tanager, Thraupis abbas
- Palm tanager, Thraupis palmarum
- Sedano, R. E., & BURNS, K. J. (2010). Are the Northern Andes a species pump for Neotropical birds? Phylogenetics and biogeography of a clade of Neotropical tanagers (Aves: Thraupini). Journal of Biogeography 37: 325–343.
- ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2..
- Hilty, Steven L (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5..
- Morton, Isler & Isler, Tanagers ISBN 0-7136-5116-4.
- Stiles and Skutch, A guide to the birds of Costa Rica ISBN 0-8014-9600-4.