Thread-locking fluid

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A bottle of Loctite thread-locking fluid
Bolts with thread-locking fluid applied

Thread-locking fluid or threadlocker is a single-component adhesive, applied to the threads of fasteners such as screws and bolts to prevent loosening, leakage, and corrosion.

Most thread-locking formulas are methacrylate-based and rely on the electrochemical activity of a metal substrate to cause polymerization of the fluid. Thread-locking fluid is thixotropic, which allows it to flow well over time, yet still resist shocks and vibrations. It can be permanent or removable; in the latter case, it may be removable merely by force or may also require heating, for example. Typically, brands are color-coded to indicate strength and whether they can be removed easily or require heat for removal.


Thread-locking fluid was developed by American professor Vernon K. Krieble in 1953. His company, American Sealants, founded the Loctite brand.[1] An early version of the compound was patented in 1960.[2]


Typically, thread-locking fluids are methacrylate-based, and cure anaerobically. Thread-locking fluid is often a thixotropic fluid: under shear stress, it exhibits a time-dependent decrease in viscosity to allow it to be squeezed into place but not flow too quickly on its own.[3]

Thread-locking fluid is typically sold in small containers, in amounts from 5 millilitres (about one teaspoon) to 250 millilitres (8.5 US fl oz). Threadlocker is also sold in sticks and in tape form, similar to teflon tape.

Typical properties of thread-locking fluids[4]
Type Typical color Torque to break free
(38-16 (9.53 mm) size bolt)
Torque to continue turning Temperature range
Low strength Purple N⋅m (62 lb⋅in) 3 N⋅m (27 lb⋅in) −54 to 149 °C (−65 to 300 °F)
Medium strength Blue 12 N⋅m (110 lb⋅in) 6 N⋅m (53 lb⋅in) −54 to 149 °C (−65 to 300 °F)
Medium strength surface insensitive Blue 20 N⋅m (180 lb⋅in) 7 N⋅m (62 lb⋅in) −54 to 149 °C (−65 to 300 °F)
High strength Red 25 N⋅m (220 lb⋅in) 25 N⋅m (220 lb⋅in) −54 to 149 °C (−65 to 300 °F)
High temperature Red 20 N⋅m (180 lb⋅in) 30 N⋅m (270 lb⋅in) −54 to 232 °C (−65 to 450 °F)
Penetrating Green 10 N⋅m (89 lb⋅in) 35 N⋅m (310 lb⋅in) −54 to 149 °C (−65 to 300 °F)

Application and care[edit]

Thread-locking fluid may be applied before or after assembly, depending on the type. Threadlockers are available in varieties of "permanent", "removable", and "low-strength" formulas. Many brands color-code the container and the fluid itself to indicate the degree of permanency. The low-strength types prevent loosening under vibration, but may still be readily disassembled. Removable types resist higher amounts of vibration, but may still be disassembled with hand or power tools. The strongest permanent threadlockers are rated at 21 MPa (3,000 psi) in shear strength. The applied torque required to loosen a permanently threadlocked fastener may exceed the yield strength of the fastener itself, such that attempting disassembly by force may twist off the stem of the fastener. However, high-strength permanent threadlockers become potentially removable by heating the assembly, typically to 230 °C (446 °F).

Working temperatures for threadlocked fasteners are typically limited to 150 °C (300 °F), which is below the softening point of the methacrylate polymer. Above this temperature, the material softens and strength reduces.

Because thread locking adhesives typically rely on the electrochemical activity of a metal substrate to form a bond, surfaces must be clean to develop the full bonding strength. In the case of less electrochemically active metals such as the normally oxidised surface of aluminium, an additional step of priming is required for full strength results.[5]

Lock washers, locknuts, jam nuts, and safety wire may be used in conjunction with thread-locking fluid to prevent loosening of bolted joints.

Because electrochemical activity is one of the two triggers that cause polymerization of the threadlocker fluid, care must be taken to avoid contaminating the entire threadlocker container with threadlocker that has had contact with metal, or the material in the container may polymerize.[3]


  1. ^ Butterworth, Kenneth W. (1988). The Loctite Story. New York: Newcomen Society of the United States.
  2. ^ US 3043820, "Anaerobic curing sealant composition having extended shelf stability" 
  3. ^ a b "Permatex Medium Strength BLUE Threadlocker Gel Technical Data Sheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 January 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
  4. ^ "Devcon Permatex Anaerobic Threadlocker Selector Guide" (PDF). Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Hernon Introduces a New Surface Insensitive Thread Locking Adhesive". ThomasNet Industrial Newsroom. 26 June 2002. Retrieved 6 July 2009.

External links[edit]