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"Three-Five-Zero-Zero" is an anti-war song, from the 1968 musical Hair, consisting of a montage of words and phrases similar to those of the 1966 Allen Ginsberg poem "Wichita Vortex Sutra". In the song, the phrases are combined to create images of the violence of military combat and suffering of the Vietnam War. In its first line, for instance, "Ripped open by metal explosion" is followed by "Caught in barbed wire/Fireball/Bullet shock".[1]

The song begins with a slow, somber catalogue of violent images of death and dying, but its tone changes, as it becomes a manic dance number satirizing the American military's media attempts to gain support for the war by celebrating Vietnamese casualty statistics.[2] At this point, the lyric begins a repeated refrain, "prisoners in Niggertown / it's a dirty little war",[1] echoing Ginsberg's lines:

  • The war is over now —
    Except for the souls
    held prisoner in Niggertown[3]

The cryptic line from the song that gives the song its title restates the line of the poem that attributes the phrase "Viet Cong losses leveling up three five zero zero per month" to General Maxwell Taylor and/or Robert McNamara in what it calls "Front page testimony February '66".[3][2]

On the soundtrack, the song appears as a combined track with the song "What a Piece of Work Is Man", a recitation of the What a piece of work is a man speech from Hamlet.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Ragni, Gerome and James Rado (Lyricists), Galt MacDermot (Composer), and Original Broadway Cast (Vocalists). (1968) Hair [Audio Recording]. RCA Victor. Event occurs at Track 28, "Three-Five-Zero-Zero".
  2. ^ a b Miller, Scott (2001). "HAIR – An analysis by Scott Miller"; excerpt from Rebels with applause: Broadway's groundbreaking musicals. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. ISBN 0-325-00357-2
  3. ^ a b Ginsberg, Allen. Initial portion of "II" in "Wichita Vortex Sutra"