Three Saints Church (Shaki)

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Three Saints Church
Azerbaijani: Üçmüqəddəs kilsəsi
Russian: Нухинская трехсвятительская церковь
Round temple.JPG
Religion
AffiliationRussian Orthodox Church (formerly)
Location
LocationShaki, Azerbaijan
Geographic coordinates41°12′16″N 47°11′54″E / 41.204444°N 47.198333°E / 41.204444; 47.198333Coordinates: 41°12′16″N 47°11′54″E / 41.204444°N 47.198333°E / 41.204444; 47.198333
Architecture
Completed19th century

Nukha Three Saints Church (Azerbaijani: Üçmüqəddəs kilsəsi; Russian: Нухинская трехсвятительская церковь, romanizedNukhinskaya trekhsvyatitel'skaya tserkov'),[1] Nukha Holy Church (Russian: Нухинская Святительская церковь, romanizedNukhinskaya Svyatitel'skaya tserkov')[2] or Round Temple (Azerbaijani: Dairəvi məbəd)[3] is former Russian Orthodox church building located in Shaki, Azerbaijan near Khan's Palace, named after Cappadocian Fathers.

History[edit]

Three Saints Church marked as "mosque" in Russian, in a 1853 drawn plan of Shaki castle

Exact foundation history is ambiguous. This situation led some researchers to identify the building as a Caucasian Albanian church,[4] a former mosque[5] and chapel for Imperial Russian garnison. Church's presence was not mentioned prior 1853, when certain priest Yevstafiy was appointed to serve in church.[6] Another priest Gavriil Pechenskiy served in Nukha c. 1894–1896.[7] A Georgian priest, David Utiyev, whose mission was to proselytize local Muslim Ingiloy population of Tasmalı[8] in 1875 was also based in Three Saints Church.[2] His grave is inside the yard of church.

Former mosque claim[edit]

Claim of church being converted from a mosque was mentioned by the Russian traveller Joseph Segal in 1902[5] and Azerbaijani writer Rashid beg Afandizadeh in 1925[9]. However, according to a report[10] by a Russian officer stationed in the city, it was the khan's home-mosque converted to chapel.

Graveyard[edit]

Church graveyard houses at least three tombstones belonging to Imperial Russian officers and David Utiyev, a Georgian priest.


Current use[edit]

Nowadays it is functioning as local Museum of Folk and Applied Arts. It is listed as country-level important monument in Ministry of Culture database.[11]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Strannik. The spiritual scientific literary journal (in Russian). 3. Saint Petersburg. 1861. p. 22.
  2. ^ a b Церковныя вѣдомости. Church Statements (in Russian). 18. Russian Orthodox Church. 1905. p. 175.
  3. ^ "132 - Azərbaycan Respublikası ərazisində dövlət mühafizəsinə götürülmüş daşınmaz tarix və mədəniyyət abidələrinin əhəmiyyət dərəcələrinə görə bölgüsünün təsdiq edilməsi haqqında". www.e-qanun.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2019-04-23.
  4. ^ Mamedova, Gi︠u︡lʹchokhra. (2004). Zodchestvo Kavkazskoĭ Albanii (Dop. i perer. izd ed.). Baku: Çaşioğlu. pp. 42–43. ISBN 9952270216. OCLC 69682833.
  5. ^ a b Segal, Iosif Leontievich (1902). "Елизаветпольская губерния впечатления и воспоминания : (из журнала "Кавказский вестник" за 1902 г.) – Донская Государственная Публичная Библиотека – Vivaldi" [Elizavetpol province impressions and memories]. vivaldi.dspl.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-04-23.
  6. ^ Prosveščenija, Rossija Ministerstvo Narodnogo (1853). Žurnal Ministerstva Narodnago Prosveščenija: 1853,11 (in Russian). p. 149.
  7. ^ Valyakin, Andrey (2011). Album: “Declassified. Abode of St. Paraskev. From the series Monasteries of Crimea » (PDF) (in Russian). General Directorate of the Security Service of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. p. 160.
  8. ^ Aliyeva, Irada (2014). THE RELIGIOUS POLICY OF TSARIST RUSSIA IN THE NORTH-WEST AZERBAIJAN AND INGILOYS (XIX century) (PDF). Baku: Turxan. p. 22.
  9. ^ Rashid, Afandizadeh (1925). "Nuxa qəzasındakı asarü-ətiqələr haqqında" [On the ancient monuments of Nukha]. docs.google.com. Retrieved 2019-04-23.
  10. ^ "Nuxa qalasının vəziyyəti barədə mayor Lisaneviçin 1819-cu ildə tərtib etdiyi akt: - www.shekitarixi.tqtt.info". shekitarixi.tqtt.info. Retrieved 2019-04-23.
  11. ^ "Mədəniyyət sahəsində elektron məlumat sistemi". mes.mctgov.az. Retrieved 2019-04-23.

External links[edit]