The Three Views of Japan (日本三景, Nihon Sankei) is the canonical list of Japan's three most celebrated scenic sights, attributed to 1643 and scholar Hayashi Gahō. In 1915, modeled on the old Three Views of Japan, Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha (株式会社実業之日本社) held a national election to determine a list of New Three Views of Japan. The Three Major Night Views of Japan (日本三大夜景, Nihon Sandai Yakei) is the canonical list of Japan's three most celebrated scenic night views. In April 2003, the New Three Major Night Views of Japan and the 100 Night Views of Japan Club (新日本三大夜景・夜景100選事務局), a nonprofit organization, formed a selection committee and, together with its members, selected by vote the New Three Major Night Views of Japan (新日本三大夜景), modeled on the traditional list of Three Major Night Views of Japan. In August 2004, they also announced the 100 Night Views of Japan (夜景百選).
Three Views of Japan
The views are of the eponymous pine-clad islands of Matsushima in Miyagi Prefecture; the pine-clad sandbar of Amanohashidate in Kyoto Prefecture; and Itsukushima Shrine in Hiroshima Prefecture. All three are designated Special Places of Scenic Beauty, while Itsukushima is also a Special Historic Site and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
These are the coordinates of the Three Views of Japan.
- Matsushima Bay, Miyagi Prefecture
- Amanohashidate, Kyoto Prefecture
- Itsukushima (Miyajima), Hiroshima Prefecture
New Three Views of Japan
The New Three Views of Japan are:
- Ōnuma (大沼), a big pond in Ōnuma Quasi-National Park, which is at the town Nanae and the east side of Oshima Peninsula in southwest Hokkaidō
- Miho no Matsubara (三保の松原), a pine grove in the Miho Peninsula, in the Shimizu-ku area of Shizuoka
- Yabakei (耶馬渓), a section of river and valley at the upstream and midstream of Yamakuni River (山国川), in Nakatsu, Ōita, Kyūshū
Hagoromo no Matsu at Miho no Matsubara
Three Major Night Views of Japan
The Three Major Night Views of Japan are:
- Hakodate seen from Mount Hakodate in Hokkaido
- Kobe and Osaka Bay seen from Maya Mountains in Hyōgo Prefecture
- Nagasaki seen from Mount Inasa in Nagasaki Prefecture.
All three are called ten million dollar night views, while Michelin Green Guide: Japan gave the Mount Hakodate experience 3/3 stars in a review, placing it as equal to mountain views of Naples and Hong Kong.
New Three Major Night Views of Japan
The New Three Major Night Views of Japan are:
- Views of Kitakyushu from Mount Sarakura (皿倉山), a mountain in Kitakyūshū Quasi-National Park, which is at the city of Kitakyushu in Fukuoka Prefecture, Kyūshū.
- Views of Nara from Mount Wakakusa (若草山), a mountain located in the east of Nara Park.
- Views of Kōfu Basin from Yamanashi Fuefukigawa Fruit Park (山梨県笛吹川フルーツ公園), a city park in Yamanashi, Yamanashi Prefecture.
- List of Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites and Special Natural Monuments
- 100 Landscapes of Japan (Heisei era)
- 100 Landscapes of Japan (Shōwa era)
- 100 Soundscapes of Japan
- Three Great Gardens of Japan
- Tourism in Japan
- UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Japan
- Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji (disambiguation)
- Official website of Nihon-Sankei, the three most scenic spots of Japan (in Japanese)
- Yakei official site (in Japanese)
- Fruit Park Fujiya Hotel official website (in Japanese)
|Three Views of Japan|
|Amanohashidate – Matsushima – Itsukushima|