Three Views of Japan

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The Three Views of Japan (日本三景 Nihon Sankei?) is the canonical list of Japan's three most celebrated scenic sights, attributed to 1643 and scholar Hayashi Gahō.[1] The views are of the eponymous pine-clad islands of Matsushima in Miyagi Prefecture; the pine-clad sandbar of Amanohashidate in Kyoto Prefecture; and Itsukushima Shrine in Hiroshima Prefecture. All three are designated Special Places of Scenic Beauty, while Itsukushima is also a Special Historic Site and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Three Views of Japan (Nihon sankei)


New Three Views of Japan[edit]

In 1915, modeled on the old Three Views of Japan, Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha (株式会社実業之日本社) held a national election to determine a list of New Three Views of Japan. The New Three Views of Japan are

Other lists[edit]

Modeled on the traditional list of Three Views of Japan, a large number of other "Three Great X" lists have been devised. Next best known, perhaps, are the Three Famous Gardens (三名園 Sanmeien?), namely:

The Three Castles of Japan are

The Three Ancient Onsen are

Or, by another reckoning,

Japan has one hundred famous mountains. It also has sounds, famous waters and other lists.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Amanohashidate - History". Amanohashidate kankokyokai. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 

External links[edit]

Three Views of Japan
Amanohashidate view from Kasamatsu Park01s3s4410.jpgMatsushima miyagi z.JPGItsukushima torii distance.jpg