Thrixspermum

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Thrixspermum
Thrixspermum-saruwatarii.jpg
Thrixspermum saruwatarii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Vandeae
Subtribe: Aeridinae
Genus: Thrixspermum
Lour. 1790
Type species
Thrixspermum centipeda
Lour.
Synonyms[1]

Thrixspermum is a genus of orchids, comprising around 150 species distributed from India to Southeast Asia and New Guinea. The genus is also present in several Pacific Islands and two species have been found in Australia. These orchids live in lowland tropical rainforests up to an altitude of 1,200 m.

Thrixspermum are small or medium-sized monopodial epiphyte orchids. They have a typical flattened raceme that bears flowers in either two distinct ranks or any direction. Flowers are fragrant and last 2 to 3 days.

The scientific name refers to the hair-like seeds.

Thrixspermum belongs to the same clade as Acampe, Arachnis, Brachypeza, Dyakia, Pelatantheria, Phalaenopsis, Pomatocalpa, Trichoglottis, and Vanda

Species[edit]

Thrixspermum saruwatarii
  1. Thrixspermum aberrans Schltr. 1913
  2. Thrixspermum acuminatissimum (Rchb. f.) Rchb.f. 1868 (synonym Sarcochilus acuminatissimus)
  3. Thrixspermum acutilobum J.J.Sm. 1921
  4. Thrixspermum adenotrichum Schltr. 1913
  5. Thrixspermum affine Schltr. 1906
  6. Thrixspermum agamense J.J.Sm. 1927
  7. Thrixspermum agusanense Ames 1915
  8. Thrixspermum album Rupp 1940
  9. Thrixspermum amesianum L.O.Williams 1938
  10. Thrixspermum amplexicaule (Bl.) Rchb. f. 1867 : Flower-stem-surrounded-by-leaves Thrixspermum (synonym Sarcochilus amplexicaulis
  11. Thrixspermum angustatum L.O.Williams 1938)
  12. Thrixspermum annamense ( Guillaum. ) Garay 1972 (synonym Ascochilus annamensis)
  13. Thrixspermum arachnites Rchb. f. (synonym Sarcochilus arachnites)
  14. Thrixspermum arachnitiforme Schltr. 1921
  15. Thrixspermum aurantiacum J.J.Sm. 1920
  16. Thrixspermum austrosinense T.Tang & F.T.Wang 1974
  17. Thrixspermum barbellatum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem., B.J.Wallace & D.L.Jones 1989
  18. Thrixspermum batuense J.J.Sm. 1909
  19. Thrixspermum beccarii Rchb.f. 1886
  20. Thrixspermum bicristatum Ames 1915
  21. Thrixspermum bigibbum Schltr. 1911
  22. Thrixspermum brevibracteatum J.J.Sm. 1928
  23. Thrixspermum brevicapsularis Holttum 1947
  24. Thrixspermum brevicaule Carr 1929
  25. Thrixspermum brevipes Schltr. 1913
  26. Thrixspermum calceolus Rchb.f. : Small Shoe-carrying Thrixspermum (synonym Sarcochilus calceolus)
  27. Thrixspermum canaliculatum J.J.Sm. 1914
  28. Thrixspermum ceciliae (F.Muell.) Rchb.f. 1871
  29. Thrixspermum celebicum Schltr. 1911
  30. Thrixspermum centipeda Lour 1790 : Centipede Thrixspermum
  31. Thrixspermum ciliatum Schltr. 1906
  32. Thrixspermum clavilobum J.J.Sm. 1928
  33. Thrixspermum collinum Schltr. 1913
  34. Thrixspermum comans J.J.Sm. 1907
  35. Thrixspermum congestum (Bailey) Dockrill 1967 (synonym Cleisostoma congestum
  36. Thrixspermum conigerum J.J.Sm. 1921)
  37. Thrixspermum cordulatum J.J.Sm. 1927
  38. Thrixspermum corneri Holttum 1947
  39. Thrixspermum crassifolium Ridl.
  40. Thrixspermum crassilabre (King & Pantl.) Ormerod 2004
  41. Thrixspermum crescentiforme Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920
  42. Thrixspermum cymboglossum Schltr. 1911
  43. Thrixspermum denticulatum Schltr. 1906 : Toothed Thrixspermum
  44. Thrixspermum devolium T.P.Lin & C.C.Hsu 1977
  45. Thrixspermum dilatatum Rchb.f. 1865
  46. Thrixspermum divitiflorum (Benth.) Rchb.f. 1877
  47. Thrixspermum doctersii J.J.Sm. 1914
  48. Thrixspermum duplocallosum Holttum 1947
  49. Thrixspermum elmeri L.O.Williams 1938
  50. Thrixspermum elongatum Ames 1915 : Elongate Thrixspermum
  51. Thrixspermum eximium L.O.Williams 1938
  52. Thrixspermum falcilobum Schltr. 1906
  53. Thrixspermum fantasticum L.O.Williams 1938
  54. Thrixspermum filifolium Schltr. 1911
  55. Thrixspermum fimbriatum (Ridl.) J.J.Wood 1994
  56. Thrixspermum flaccidum J.J.Sm. 1920
  57. Thrixspermum formosanum : White Moth Orchid (synonym Sarcochilus formosanus)
  58. Thrixspermum fragrans Ridl. 1921
  59. Thrixspermum godeffroyanum Rchb.f.
  60. Thrixspermum gombakense J.J.Sm. 1928
  61. Thrixspermum gracilicaule Schltr. 1907
  62. Thrixspermum graeffei Rchb.f.
  63. Thrixspermum hillii (F.Muell.) Rchb.f. 1871
  64. Thrixspermum incurvicalcar J.J.Sm. 1926
  65. Thrixspermum indragiriense Schltr. 1907
  66. Thrixspermum indusiatum Rchb.f. 1886
  67. Thrixspermum infractum Schltr. 1906
  68. Thrixspermum inquinatum J.J.Sm. 1907
  69. Thrixspermum integrum L.O.Williams 1938
  70. Thrixspermum iodochilus Ridl. 1922
  71. Thrixspermum japonicum (Miq.) Rchb. f. 1878 : Japan Thrixspermum (synonym Sarcochilus japonicus)
  72. Thrixspermum javanicum J.J.Sm. 1921
  73. Thrixspermum kjellbergii J.J.Sm. 1933
  74. Thrixspermum lampongense J.J.Sm. 1917
  75. Thrixspermum latifolium J.J.Sm. 1917
  76. Thrixspermum latisaccatum J.J.Sm. 1920
  77. Thrixspermum leopardinum Par. & Rchb.f. 1874
  78. Thrixspermum leucorachne Ridl.
  79. Thrixspermum ligulatum L.O.Williams 1938
  80. Thrixspermum linearifolium Ames 1915
  81. Thrixspermum lombokense J.J.Sm. 1925
  82. Thrixspermum longicauda Ridl.
  83. Thrixspermum longilobum J.J.Sm. 1920
  84. Thrixspermum longipilosum J.J.Sm. 1922
  85. Thrixspermum loogemanianum'' Schltr. 1911
  86. Thrixspermum lucidum Schltr. 1911
  87. Thrixspermum luniferum Rchb.f. 1868
  88. Thrixspermum maculatum Schltr. 1906
  89. Thrixspermum malayanum J.J.Sm. 1921
  90. Thrixspermum mcgregorii Ames 1907
  91. Thrixspermum merguense (Hook.f .) Kze. 1996 (synonym Sarcochilus merguensis)
  92. Thrixspermum montanum Ridl. 1913
  93. Thrixspermum musciflorum A.S.Rao & Joseph 1971
  94. Thrixspermum neglectum Fukuyama 1952
  95. Thrixspermum neo-hibernicum Schltr.
  96. Thrixspermum oeonioides Schltr. 1919
  97. Thrixspermum olivaceum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865
  98. Thrixspermum oreadum Schltr. 1913
  99. Thrixspermum papillosum Carr 1929
  100. Thrixspermum parviflorum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865
  101. Thrixspermum patens J.J.Sm. 1921
  102. Thrixspermum pensile Schltr. 1911
  103. Thrixspermum philippinense Ames 1914
  104. Thrixspermum phyllorhizum (F.Muell.) Rchb.f. 1871
  105. Thrixspermum platyphyllum Rchb.f. 1868
  106. Thrixspermum platystachys (F.M. Bailey) Schltr. 1911 : Broad-inflorescence Thrixspermum
  107. Thrixspermum ponapense Tuyama 1940
  108. Thrixspermum pulchrum Carr 1932
  109. Thrixspermum purpurascens Rchb. f.
  110. Thrixspermum quinquelobum Ames 1915
  111. Thrixspermum raciborskii J.J.Sm
  112. Thrixspermum remotiflorum J.J.Sm. 1906
  113. Thrixspermum robinsonii Ames 1915
  114. Thrixspermum roseum J.J.Sm. 1918
  115. Thrixspermum rostratum Ames 1915
  116. Thrixspermum rubricentrum (Fitzg.) Rchb.f. 1887
  117. Thrixspermum rubrocallosum Carr 1929
  118. Thrixspermum sagoense J.J.Sm. 1928
  119. Thrixspermum samarindae Schltr. 1906
  120. Thrixspermum saruwatarii (Hayata) Schltr. 1919
  121. Thrixspermum sasaoi Masam. 1934
  122. Thrixspermum simondii Gagnep. 1951
  123. Thrixspermum simum J.J.Sm. 1927
  124. Thrixspermum squarrosum J.J.Sm. 1921
  125. Thrixspermum subteres J.J.Sm.
  126. Thrixspermum sumatranum J.J.Sm. 1920
  127. Thrixspermum tahanense Carr 1930
  128. Thrixspermum tenuicalcar Carr 1932
  129. Thrixspermum torajaense P.O'Byrne 1998
  130. Thrixspermum tortum J.J.Sm. 1914
  131. Thrixspermum triangulare Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920
  132. Thrixspermum tridentatum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865 (synonym of Plectorrhiza tridentata (Lindl.) Dockrill, 1967)
  133. Thrixspermum trichoglottis (Hook.f.)Kuntze 1896
  134. Thrixspermum tsii W.H.Chen & Y.M.Shui 2005
  135. Thrixspermum tylophorum Schltr. 1911
  136. Thrixspermum validum J.J.Sm. 1908
  137. Thrixspermum vanoverberghii Ames 1914
  138. Thrixspermum walkeri Seidenf. & P.Ormerod 1995
  139. Thrixspermum warianum Schltr. 1913 : Warian Mountain Thrixspermum
  140. Thrixspermum weberi Ames 1922
  141. Thrixspermum wenzelii Ames 1915
  142. Thrixspermum xanthanthum Tuyama 1940
  143. Thrixspermum xantholeucum Schltr.

References[edit]

  • MATHEW, S. P. & S. ABRAHAM. 1996. Thrixspermum merguense (Hook.f .) Kze. (Orchidaceae). A new record for the Andaman Islands and Indian flora. Mal. Nat. J. 50: 89 - 91, illus.
  • O'Byrne, P. 2001. An A to Z of South East Asian orchids. Orchid Rev. 109(1237): 55-59.
  • O'Byrne, P. 2001. An A to Z of South East Asian orchids: part 2. Orchid Rev. 109(1238): 81-85.