|Neighborhood of the Bronx|
Throgs Neck Bridge
|City||New York City|
|Community District||Bronx 10|
|• Total||4.93 km2 (1.903 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|• Median income||$69,003|
|Area code||718, 347, 929, and 917|
Throggs Neck (also known as Throgs Neck) is a narrow spit of land in the southeastern portion of the borough of the Bronx in New York City. It demarcates the passage between the East River (an estuary) and Long Island Sound. "Throggs Neck" is also the name of the neighborhood of the peninsula, bounded on the north by East Tremont Avenue and Baisley Avenue, on the west by Westchester Creek, and on the other sides by the River and the Sound. The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community District 10.
Throggs Neck is at the northern approach to the Throgs Neck Bridge, which connects the Bronx with the neighborhood of Bay Terrace in the borough of Queens on Long Island. The Throgs Neck Lighthouse formerly stood at its southern tip. The spelling of the area has been historically disputed. The traditionally correct spelling is with two Gs, and while NYC Parks Commissioner and Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority Chairman Robert Moses officially shortened it to one G after deciding that two would not fit on many of the street signs, long-time residents continue to recognize the traditional spelling.
The peninsula was called Vriedelandt, "Land of Peace", by the New Netherlanders. The current name comes from John Throckmorton, English immigrant and associate of Roger Williams in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. The Dutch allowed Throckmorton to settle in this peripheral area of New Amsterdam in 1642, with thirty-five others. At this time, the peninsula was also known as Maxson's point as the Maxson family (Richard, Rebecca, John, etc.) lived there. Many of the settlers, including Anne Hutchinson and her family, were murdered in a 1643 uprising of Native Americans. Throckmorton returned to Rhode Island. In 1668, the peninsula appeared on maps as "Frockes Neck". The peninsula was virtually an island at high tide.
In 1776, George Washington's headquarters wrote of a potential British landing at "Frogs Neck". At the bridge over Westchester Creek, now represented by an unobtrusive steel and concrete span at East Tremont Avenue near Westchester Avenue, General Howe did make an unsuccessful effort to cut off Washington's troops in October 1776; when the British approached, the Americans ripped up the plank bridge and opened a heavy fire that forced Howe to withdraw and change his plans; six days later he landed troops at Rodman's Neck to the north, on the far side of Eastchester Bay. A farm in the area owned by the Stephenson family was sold in 1795 to Abijah Hammond, who built a large mansion (later the offices of the Silver Beach Garden Corporation).
In the 19th century, the area remained the site of large farms, converted into estates. About 1848 members of the Morris family purchased a large parcel of land and built two mansions and many cottages and service buildings, reached by a private dock in Morris Cove at the end of what is now Emerson Avenue, where they had nearly a mile of shoreline. After the Civil War, Collis P. Huntington, the railroad builder, owned an extensive parcel, which his heirs held until they were almost the last estate on Throggs Neck. Huntington's property was previously owned by Frederick C. Havemeyer Jr., the sugar magnate, and the Havemeyer-Huntington mansion is now home to Preston High School, New York.
Throgs Neck Park, a 0.44-acre (0.18 ha) public park that faces Throggs Neck from the opposite shore at the end of Myers Street, was acquired as a public place in 1836. From 1833 to 1856, the construction of Fort Schuyler brought in laborers and craftsmen, many of whom were immigrants from Ireland, to settle in the area with their families. By the late 19th century, the area had developed into a fashionable but more public summer resort, which also contained large German beer gardens, to which the residents of Yorkville arrived by steamboat service up the East River. The 19th-century steamboat landing at Ferris Dock on Westchester Creek stood at present-day Brush Avenue north of Wenner Place; the road to it bore the name of the steamboat Osseo. The Ferris family were 18th-century residents, whose Ferris Point at the southeast corner of the Throggs Neck neighborhood now supports the Hutchinson River Parkway (formerly Ferris Lane) overhead ramp to the Bronx-Whitestone Bridge and Ferry Point Park.
In the decades after the incorporation of the Bronx into the City of Greater New York in 1898, transit lines were extended to the neighborhood, bringing in many Italian farmers and tradesmen. In the 1920s the large estates largely became converted into smaller row homes and densely built bungalow lots. The Peters and Sorgenfrel families formed Silver Beach Garden (named for the color of the beach at low tide), a summer colony of bungalows that were later adapted for year-round use; most of the streets were named for flowers and trees found on the Hammond estate. Residents owned their houses but rented the land when they joined together to buy it. Nearby to the north, a campsite for church youth transformed into a bungalow colony later named Edgewater Park.
In 1932, Fort Schuyler closed as an active military installation and became the campus for cadets of the State University of New York Maritime College. A 1929–39 pair of plans to expand the subway system with a Second Avenue Subway branch to Throggs Neck did not come to pass. By 1961, with the construction of the Throggs Neck Bridge, as well as the adjacent parkways, the neighborhood lost its comparative isolation. However, Throggs Neck was largely exempt from the severe urban decay that affected much of the Bronx in the 1970s.
The last two of several large and handsome 18th-century Ferris houses in the neighborhood lasted until the 1960s, when the James Ferris house overlooking Eastchester Bay was hastily demolished in 1962 and the Watson Ferris house was demolished in 1964 by its occupants, the Tremont Terrace Moravian Church. The James Ferris house had been commandeered by Admiral Richard Howe as his headquarters in October 1776, when James Ferris was sent to the prison hulks in New York harbor, where he died in 1780.
The neighborhood has several beach clubs and a diverse housing stock, including middle-class homes, up-market waterfront condominiums, as well as the Throggs Neck Houses, built in 1953 as one of the first low-income public housing projects in New York City and later expanded twice. In 1984, the New York Times described Throggs Neck as one of the last middle- and upper-middle-class areas in the Bronx, noting the area "seems like a well-kept suburb." Even in the mid-1980s, after the city failed to pave neighborhood streets properly, waterfront condominiums were selling for as much as $416,468 in 2005 dollars.
As of the 2000 Census, the median household income for census tracts within the neighborhood ranged from $18,000 to $85,000 in the less affluent tracts and well over $100,000 for the waterfront tracts near the Throgs Neck Bridge.
- Bx5: to Pelham Bay Park or Bay Plaza (Weekend only) or Southern Blvd. - West Farms Road (via Story Ave.)
- Bx8: to 225th St station or Locust Point (via Williamsbridge Rd.)
- Bx40/Bx42: to Throggs Neck or Morris Heights (via Tremont and Burnside Aves.)
- Q44 SBS: to Jamaica, Queens or West Farms (via Cross Bronx Expressway Service Road.)
- Q50: to Flushing, Queens or Co-op City (via Brunkner Blvd.)
- BxM9: express to Midtown Manhattan
The Throgs Neck Bridge and the Whitestone Bridge provide access to Queens and Long Island. Due to the proximity of the Bruckner Interchange, the crossroads of the Hutchinson River Parkway, the Bruckner Expressway, the Hutchinson River Expressway, the Cross-Bronx Expressway, and also the Throgs Neck Expressway and the New England Thruway, there is convenient highway access to Throggs Neck from many parts of the New York area.
Numerous roadways near the southern end of Throggs Neck are named in honor of Union generals from the American Civil War, including Philip Kearny, John Reynolds, Carl Schurz, Thomas Meagher, and Benjamin Prentiss. Another roadway is named for James Longstreet, a Confederate general who, once the war had ended, embraced Reconstruction and consequently became the object of intense Southern opprobrium.
In popular culture
Several television shows and movies have been filmed in Throggs Neck, including these films:
Television shows include:
- Frank Bello (born 1965), bass player for the heavy metal band Anthrax
- Charlie Benante (born 1962), drummer for the heavy metal band Anthrax
- Collis Potter Huntington (1821–1900), railroad magnate
- Christine Jorgensen (1926-1989), first transsexual celebrity, 1950s-60s, following surgical transformation in Denmark, 1952; born and raised on Dudley Avenue
- Michael Kay (born 1961), sports broadcaster
- Doug Marrone (born 1964), head coach of the Jacksonville Jaguars
- Bill Polian (born 1942), Hall of Fame NFL executive.
- T.J. Rivera (born 1988), MLB infielder for the New York Mets.
- "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
- "Throgs Neck neighborhood in New York". Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- "Bronx Community District 10" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- "The Winner by a Neck" (Throcke's, Frog's, Throggs, or Throgs?), The New York Times, January 4, 1998
- "Spell It Throg(g)s Neck And Give or Take One G". The New York Times. January 17, 1955. p. 18. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
- Video: Throgs Neck or Throggs Neck?
- Sitherwood, Frances Grimes (1929). Throckmorton family history : being the record of the Throckmortons in the United States of America with cognate branches, emigrant ancestors located at Salem, Massachusetts, 1630, and in Gloucester County, Virginia, 1660. Bloomington, Ill.: Pantagraph Printing & Stationary Co.
- Edwin G. Burrows and Mike Wallace, Gotham, a History of New York City to 1898 (1999, p. 37, giving "Throgmorton").
- "In Revolutionary Days; Third Installment of the Interesting Tilghman-Duer Letters". The New York Times. April 21, 1895. p. 25. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
Frogs Neck and Point is a kind of Island, there are two passages at the Main which are fordable at low Water at both of which we have thrown up Works, which will give some Annoyance should they attempt to come off by either of these Ways... The grounds leading from Frogs Point towards our Post at Kingsbridge are as defensible as they can be wished...
- WPA Guide p.547
- ["Auction Throg's Neck lots: Morris estates will sell 1,600 waterfront bungalow properties, The New York Times, August 6, 1922] accessed November 23, 2010.
- The WPA Guide to New York, (1939, repr. 1982), p.546.
- "Land Records". Office of the Westchester County Clerk. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
- NYC Parks: Throgs Neck Park
- McNamara, s.v. "Throgs Neck Park".
- WPA Guide p. 546.
- McNamara, s.v. "Ferris Dock".
- McNamara, s.v. "Ferris Lane".
- Dolan, Dolores (June 3, 1984). "If You're Thinking of Living in Throgs Neck". The New York Times. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
- McNamara, s.v. "Ferris House (1-7)"; WPA Guide, East Bronx map p. 545.
- "US Census Bureau, Income Map". Retrieved November 2, 2006.
- "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- Freedlander, David. "Break Out The Cipro: It’s Anthrax Day in the Bronx", New York Observer, September 14, 2011. Accessed September 23, 2016. "Both Benante and Bello grew up in Throggs Neck, while Caggiano is a native of Pelham Parkway."
- About the Library, East Bronx History Forum. Accessed September 23, 2016. "The library was officially founded in 1892 by Collis P. Huntington, a Southern Pacific Railroad magnate whose summer home was in nearby Throgs Neck."
- Docter, Richard. Becoming a Woman: A Biography of Christine Jorgensen, p. 13. Routledge, 2013. ISBN 9781136576287. Accessed September 23, 2016. "George William Jorgensen Jr. was born May 30, 1926, at the Community Hospital in Manhattan and raised in the Throggs Neck district of the Bronx, a few miles north of his birthplace."
- Raissman, Bob. "For Kay, Return is Fall Circle", New York Daily News, October 3, 1995. Accessed September 23, 2016. "Especially a guy like Kay, a homeboy out of Throgs Neck."
- Logan, Greg. "Stadium bowl makes Bronx's Marrone nostalgic", Newsday, December 27, 2010. Accessed September 23, 2016. "Marrone lived nine miles from old Yankee Stadium in Throgs Neck. To get to his house, you took the last exit before the western entrance to the bridge, Harding Avenue."
- McCarron, Anthony. "Mets like what they have in T.J. Rivera, who comes with Mackey Sasser’s endorsement", New York Daily News, March 10, 2016. Accessed September 2, 2017. "Rivera, 27, is looking at his non-roster camp invite the only way he can — as a chance to 'show what I've got and compete.'... That's what he did growing up in the Throgs Neck section of the Bronx, playing in Little Leagues there and in Parkchester."
- McNamara, J. (1978). History in Asphalt: The Origin of Bronx Street and Place Names, Borough of the Bronx, New York City. Published in collaboration with the Bronx County Historical Society [by] Harbor Hill Books. ISBN 978-0-916346-31-7. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- McNamara, J.; Twomey, B. (1994). Throggs Neck Memories: The History of a Thriving Community. The author. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- Hermalyn, G.D.; Kornfeld, R.; Bronx County Historical Society (1989). Landmarks of the Bronx. Bronx County Historical Soc. ISBN 978-0-941980-26-5. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (1995), The Encyclopedia of New York City, New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 0300055366
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