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The Throne Verse (Arabic: آية الكرسي, translit. ʾĀyat al-Kursī) is the 255th verse of surah Al-Baqara, the second chapter of the Qur'an. This verse speaks about how nothing and nobody is comparable to Allah. It is the most famous verse of the Quran and is widely memorized and displayed in the Islamic world due to its emphatic description of Allah's power over the entire universe.
Text and translation
اللّهُ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ
Allāhu lā ilāha illā huwa l-ḥayyu l-qayyūm
Allah ! There is no deity but Him, the Alive, the Eternal.
Islamic religious belief holds that anyone who recites the verse enters the protection and security of Allah.
Commonly, it is recited by Muslims before they go to sleep. This is a prayer that is said to protect the individual.
Symmetry of verses
Ayat al-Kursi displays an internal symmetry comprising concentric looping verses surrounding a pivotal chiasm 'x' of the type A B C D X D' C' B' A'. The reciter imagines him or herself walking through Ayat al-Kursi until reaching the centre, seeing what is in front and what is behind, and finds they represent a perfect reflection of each other. The central chiasm is represented by "Ya'lamu ma baina aidihim wa ma khalfahum = He knows what is before them and what is behind them". This is flanked symmetrically outwards so that A corresponds to A', B corresponds to B', and so forth. For example, line 3 "he is the lord of the heavens and the earth" corresponds to line 7 "his throne extends over heavens and earth".
There is a slight difference of opinion as to whether to follow Ayat al-Kursi with verses 256 and 257 though this is not usually performed.
Surat al-Baqara itself provides a broader internal concentricity which approximates Ayat al-Kursi to verses of 29-31 relating the glorification of the angels and Allah's eternal will to bestow His names upon Adam.