Throne of England

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This is a rendering of the throne used for the coronation of British monarchs for 800 years – sometimes called the "Coronation Chair" or "King Edward's Chair."

The Throne of England is the English term used to identify the throne of the Monarch of England. The term can refer to very specific seating, as in King Edward's Chair, which has been used in the coronations of British monarchs for eight centuries. The term may also refer to the specific chair used only by the monarch at the State opening of Parliament for the delivery of the Speech from the Throne. In an abstract sense, the "Throne of England" refers metonymically to the monarch[1] and monarchy itself.[2]

History[edit]

The English Throne is one of the oldest continuing hereditary monarchies in the world. In much the same sense as The Crown, the Throne of England becomes an abstract metonymic concept that represents the legal authority for the existence of the government.[3] It evolved naturally as a separation of the literal throne and property of the nation-state from the person and personal property of the monarch.[4]

According to tradition, the roots of British monarchy extend into legends before the ninth-century king Alfred the Great.[5] On 1 May 1707, the Kingdom of Great Britain[6] was created by the political union of the Kingdom of England (which included Wales) and the Kingdom of Scotland. In this period, the "Throne of the United Kingdom" was merged in usage with the "Throne of England."

The modern Queen or King is a constitutional monarch,[7] and the 20th century governmental policies of devolution have accorded new emphasis on the Throne of England and the Throne of Scotland.

The fungible meanings of "Throne of England" encompass the modern monarchy and the chronological list of legendary and historical monarchs of England, Scotland and the United Kingdom.[8]

Rhetorical usage[edit]

This view of the throne in the Palace of Westminster shows the House of Lords in session in the early 19th century before Parliament was destroyed by fire in 1834.

This flexible English term is also a rhetorical trope. Depending on context, the Throne of England can be construed as a metonymy, which is a rhetorical device for an allusion relying on proximity or correspondence, as for example referring to actions of the king or queen or as "actions of the throne." The throne is also understood as a synecdoche, which is related to metonymy and metaphor in suggesting a play on words by identifying a closely related conceptualisation, e.g.,

  • referring to a part with the name of the whole, such as "the throne" for the mystic process of transferring monarchic authority.[9]
  • referring to the whole with the name of a part, such as "the throne" for the serial symbols and ceremonies of enthronement.[10]
  • referring to the general with the specific, such as "the throne" for kingship.[2]
  • referring to the specific with the general, such as "the throne" for the short reign of Edward VIII or equally as well for the ambit of the British monarchy.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gordon, Delahay. (1760). A General History of the Lives, Trials, and Executions of All the Royal and Noble Personages, that Have Suffered in Great-Britain and Ireland for High Treason, Or Other Crimes: From the Accession of Henry VIII. to the Throne of England, Down to the Present Time. London: J. Burd. OCLC 22644648
  • Jeudwine, John Wynne. (1912). The First Twelve Centuries of British Story: A Slight Sketch and Criticism of the Social and Political Conditions in the British Islands (herein Called Britain) from the Year 56 B.C. to the Accession of Henry II to the Throne of England in 1154 A.D. London: Longmans, Green. OCLC 1356980
  • Russell, John. (1844). History of England: With Separate Historical Sketches of Scotland, Wales, and Ireland; from the Invasion of Julius Cæsar Until the Accession of Queen Victoria to the British Throne. Philadelphia: Hogan & Thompson. OCLC 31202216
  • Shawcross, William. (2002). Queen and Country: The Fifty-year Reign of Elizabeth II. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-2676-9
  • Williams, David. (1858). The preceptor's assistant, or, Miscellaneous questions in general history, literature, and science. London: By Simpkin, Marshall. OCLC 63065688