From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Throwball at Silver Oaks International School, Visakhapatnam campus
Highest governing bodyInternational Throwball Federation
First played1940s (first rules drafted in 1955)
Team membersseven players per team on court at once and five substitute
TypeIndoor or outdoor
World GamesNo

Throwball is a non-contact ball sport played across a net between two teams of nine players on a rectangular court.

Throwball is popular in Asia, especially on the Indian subcontinent, and was first played in India as a women's sport in Chennai during the 1940s. Like volleyball, the game's roots are linked with the YMCA. Both volleyball and Newcomb ball, while older games, share many similarities with throwball. Throwball rules were first drafted in 1955 and India's first national level championship was played in 1980.

The International Throwball Federation is the highest governing body for the sport.[1]


According to the Throwball Federation of India (TFI), throwball is thought to derive from a recreational sport popular among women in England and Australia during the 1930s.[2] The YMCA brought the game to Chennai, where it was played as a women's sport in the 1940s.[citation needed]

Harry Crowe Buck, who founded the YMCA College of Physical Education in Chennai, drafted guidelines for throwball rules and regulations in 1955. The game reached Bangalore in the 1950s.[3]

The Throwball Federation of India (TFI) was formed along with the Indian National Throwball Championship. By 1990, Throwball in India developed separate competitions for both men and women.

Throwball is played in gym class, colleges, and clubs throughout Asia, and it has been slowly gaining popularity in other countries.

Rules and play[edit]

Dimensions of a junior or senior throwball court [4]


The playing court is somewhat larger than a volleyball court at 16.20 by 18.30 metres (53.15 ft × 60.04 ft) with a neutral box 1 metre (3 ft 3.37 in) on either side of the center. The height of the net is 2.2 metres (7.22 ft) or 2.3 metres (7.55 ft).[5][6]


The ball is similar to a volleyball, but may be slightly larger. While in volleyball the ball gets hit or volleyed throughout play, in throwball the ball is thrown over the net, where a member of the other team tries to catch the ball and quickly throw it back across the net.

Game Play[edit]


Throwball game

An official game is played between two teams of nine or seven players. A minimum of three or five substitute players are allowed for each team, which can make a maximum of three substitutions during a set. A team can take two time-outs of 30 seconds each during a set. The first team to score 15 points wins a set. A match is three sets.


Service is within five seconds after the referee whistles and is done from the service zone, without crossing the end line. A player can jump while serving the ball. The service ball must not touch the net. Double touch is not allowed for receiving the service ball and players stay in 2-3-2 position during the serve.


During a rally, the ball must be caught at once with both hands, without any movement of the ball within the hands (dubs) and the ball should not have contact with the ground. The ball is thrown within three seconds after being caught, only from above the shoulder line and only with one hand. A player can jump when throwing the ball, which can touch the net (but not the antenna). The player should have contact with the ground when catching the ball. However, the ball is not touched by any part of the body other than the palm when catching or throwing (body touch). The ball can neither be shifted (passed) to the left or right nor deliberately pushed. Two players are not allowed to catch the ball simultaneously.


In official play, teams wear shorts and jersey uniform with numbers only in the range of 1–12 printed front and back.[7]

Major competitions[edit]

In India, the National Throwball Championship is organized by the Throwball Federation of India.[8] A Junior International Throwball Match was conducted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in December 2015; eight countries participated.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "International Throwball Federation". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Welcome to the Throwball Federation of India. Visit our official website to know more about history of throwball". Retrieved 31 December 2021.
  3. ^ "History of TFI". Throwball Federation of India. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 6 November 2008.
  4. ^ page 25
  5. ^ "Throwball Rules and Play". Throwball Federation of India. Retrieved 23 October 2023.
  6. ^ "Official Throwball Rules" (PDF). International Throwball Federation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 December 2021.
  7. ^ "Rules and Regulations". Throwball Federation of India. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  8. ^ "National throwball tourney next year". The Hindu. 8 October 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2008.

External links[edit]